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Michael Schmitt – University of Reading

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Michael Schmitt

Professor Michael Schmitt
Job Title:
Professor of Law
Michael Schmitt



Biographical Details

Michael Schmitt is Professor of International Law at the University of Reading. Additionally, he is the Francis Lieber Distinguished Scholar at the Lieber Institute of the United States Military Academy (West Point); a Strauss Center Distinguished Scholar and Visiting Professor of Law at the University of Texas; and the Charles H. Stockton Distinguished Scholar in Residence at the US Naval War College. Professor Schmitt is a Senior Fellow at the NATO Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence, Senior Research Associate at Hebrew University, Affiliate at Harvard's Program on International Law and Armed Conflict, and General Editor of the Lieber Studies series (OUP). Previously, he was Professor of International Law at the University of Exeter and Durham University, Dean of the George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies in Germany, and General Editor of International Law Studies and the Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law. He served 20 years in the United States Air Force as a judge advocate specializing in operational and international law.

Professor Schmitt has been an invited visiting scholar at Melbourne University, Australian National University, Yale Law School, and Emory University. He has delivered many named and annual lectures, including the Ruth Steinkraus-Cohen Annual Law Lecture of the UK UN Association, James Crawford Biennial Lecture at Adelaide Law School, Sir Ninian Stephen Lecture at Melbourne University, and the Waldemar Solf Lecture at the US Army's Judge Advocate General's Legal Center and School. Professor Schmitt serves on many boards of institutions, learned and professional societies, and publications dealing with international law in numerous countries. The author of over 160 scholarly publications, he is a life member of the Council on Foreign Relations and a Fellow of the Royal Society of the Arts. Also a member of the Secretary of State's Advisory Committee on International Law, in 2017 he was awarded the Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana by the President of Estonia for his work in promoting cyber defence and in 2018 was named the United States Naval War College's Research Scholar of the year.

Areas of Interest

  • Public International Law
  • International Humanitarian Law
  • International Cyber Law
  • Use of force

Research groups / Centres

Global Law at Reading (GLAR)

Advisory and Editorial Boards

  • Secretary of State's Advisory Committee on International Law
  • Advisory Board, Cyber Peace Institute
  • Advisory Board, Institute for International Peace and Security, Cologne University
  • Board of Directors, International Society for Military Law and the Law of War
  • General Editor, Lieber Studies, Oxford University Press
  • Editor Emeritus, International Law Studies
  • Editorial Board, Texas National Security Review
  • Editorial Board, International Review of the Red Cross
  • Editorial Board, Journal of National Security Law and Policy
  • Editorial Board, Just
  • Board of Recommendation, Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law
  • Editorial Board, Journal of International Peacekeeping
  • Advisory Board, Journal of Military Ethics
  • Advisory Board, International Humanitarian Law Series, Brill
  • Advisory Board, Journal of International Humanitarian Legal Studies
  • Editorial Board, Journal of Law and Cyber Warfare
  • Editorial Council, Estonian Journal of Military Studies


D.Litt (Durham University); JD (University of Texas); LL.M (Yale University); MA (US Naval War College); MA, BA (Texas State University)


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Number of items: 192.























This list was generated on Sun Feb 28 13:14:12 2021 UTC.

Publications before 2000

  • The Principle of Distinction in 21st Century Warfare, 2 YALE HUMAN RIGHTS AND DEVELOPMENT LAW JOURNAL 143-182 (1999).
  • Angriffe im Computernetz und das Ius ad Bellum, NEUE ZEITSCHRIFT FÜR WEHRRECHT, Sept./Oct., 1999, at 177-195.
  • Computer Network Attack and Use of Force in International Law: Thoughts on a Normative Framework, 37 COLUMBIA JOURNAL OF TRANSNATIONAL LAW 885-937 (1999) (special issue to honor Telford Taylor), reprinted in THE USE OF FORCE IN INTERNATIONAL LAW (Tarcisio Gazzani and Nicholas Tsagourias eds., Ashgate, 2012); reprinted in II LAW ON THE USE OF FORCE AND ARMED CONFLICT (Robert Cryer & Christian Henderson eds., Elgar, 2017).
  • Future War and the Principle of Discrimination, 28 ISRAEL YEARBOOK ON HUMAN RIGHTS 51-90 (1999).
  • Mars Meets Mother Nature: Protecting the Environment During Armed Conflict, 28 STETSON LAW REVIEW 1047-1090 (1999) (with. Peter J. Richards).
  • Bellum Americanum: The U.S. View of Twenty-First Century War and Its Possible Implications for the Law of Armed Conflict, 19 MICHIGAN JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL LAW 1051-1090 (1998); 71 INTERNATIONAL LAW STUDIES 389-428 (1998).
  • Clipped Wings: Effective and Legal No-fly Zone Rules of Engagement, 72 INTERNATIONAL LAW STUDIES 239-295 (1998); 20 LOYOLA OF LOS ANGELES INTERNATIONAL AND COMPARATIVE LAW JOURNAL 727-789 (1998).
  • THE LAW OF MILITARY OPERATIONS (Naval War College International Law Studies, vol. 72) (Contributing editor, 1998).
  • THE LAW OF ARMED CONFLICT: INTO THE NEXT MILLENNIUM (Naval War College International Law Studies, vol. 71) (Contributing editor with Leslie Green, 1998).
  • LEVIE ON THE LAW OF WAR (Naval War College International Law Studies, vol. 70) (Editor with Leslie Green, 1998).
  • The International Court of Justice and the Use of Nuclear Weapons, NAVAL WAR COLLEGE REVIEW, Spring 1998, at 91-116, reprinted in 7 USAFA JOURNAL OF LEGAL STUDIES 57-96 (1997).
  • Green War: An Assessment of the Environmental Law of International Armed Conflict, 22 YALE JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL LAW 1-109 (1997).
  • The Law of the Sea and Naval Operations, 42 AIR FORCE LAW REVIEW 119-156 (1997) (with John Astley).
  • Fighter Ops for Shoe Clerks, 42 AIR FORCE LAW REVIEW 49-100 (1997) (with Robert Coe).
  • Identifying National Objectives and Developing Strategy: A Process Oriented Approach, STRATEGIC REVIEW, Winter 1997, at 24-37.
  • The Environmental Law of War: An Invitation to Critical Reexamination, 6 USAFA JOURNAL OF LEGAL STUDIES 237-271 (1996); 36 REVUE DE DROIT MILITAIRE ET DE DROIT DE GUERRE 13-53 (1997) (Winner, 1996 Military Operations and Law Prize, Naval War College).
  • Aegean Angst: The Greek-Turkish Dispute, NAVAL WAR COLLEGE REVIEW, Summer 1996, at 42-72, revised and reprinted as Aegean Angst: A Historical and Legal Analysis of the Greek-Turkish Dispute, 2 ROGER WILLIAMS UNIVERSITY LAW REVIEW 15-56 (1996).
  • The Resort to Force in International Law: Reflections on Positivist and Contextualist Approaches, 37 AIR FORCE LAW REVIEW 105-120 (1994) (Winner, 1995 Society of the Strategic Air Command Outstanding Air Force Law Review Article).
  • State Sponsored Assassination in International and Domestic Law 17 YALE JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL LAW 609-685 (1992) (Winner, 1991 Yale University Ambrose Gherini Prize).
  • At the Confluence of Law and Morality, 31 REVUE DE DROIT MILITAIRE ET DE DROIT DE LA GUERRE 295-327 (1992), reprinted in 3 USAFA JOURNAL OF LEGAL STUDIES 91-106 (1992); 47 DERECHO (Pontificia Universidad Catolica del Peru) 465-491 (1993) as El Encuentro Del Derecho y la Moral: Reflexiones Sobre la Guerra Justa.
  • Derecho Internacional y Asesinato Patrocinado por el Estado, 1.1 DERECHO Y HUMANIDADES (Chile) 63-88 (1992).
  • BLOCKADE LAW: RESEARCH DESIGNS AND SOURCES (Legal Research Guides, vol. 12) (Hein, 1991).
  • Aerial Blockades in Historical, Legal, and Practical Perspective, 2 USAFA JOURNAL OF LEGAL STUDIES 21-86 (1991).
  • The Judicial and Non-Judicial Punishment Systems of the Soviet Armed Forces, 4.1 JOURNAL OF SOVIET MILITARY STUDIES 87-123 (1991).
  • The Soviet Military Justice System, 34 AIR FORCE LAW REVIEW 1-108 (1991) (with James Moody).
  • Durable Powers of Attorney, 134 MILITARY LAW REVIEW 203-230 (1991) (with Steven Hatfield).
  • Scientific Evidence in Courts-Martial: From the General Acceptance Standard to the Relevancy Approach, 130 MILITARY LAW REVIEW 135-169 (1991); 20 POLYGRAPH 80-107 (1991); USAFA Technical Report 90-7, 1990 (with Steven A. Hatfield).
  • The Use of Force Overseas: An Analytical Framework, 39 NAVAL LAW REVIEW 93-101 (1990).
  • DNA Typing: Novel Scientific Evidence in the Military Courts, 32 AIR FORCE LAW REVIEW 227-330 (1990) (with Laura H. Crocker).

News items about Mike

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