Areas of interest
research and teaching explore the history of belief, broadly understood, in the
late medieval and early modern period. This includes the history of the
European Reformations, church and clergy, as well as ideas about magic,
witchcraft and the supernatural, and the connections between religion and
the multiple lenses through which the world was viewed in this period enables
us to ask informed questions of the past, and interrogate the broad range of
evidence and ideas that have shaped the world around us today.
own research is informed by my training as a historian, but also by the
multi-disciplinary approaches to the past that have shaped the study of early
modern history. Early projects and publications focused on the Reformation in
England and Europe, including debates over clerical celibacy and marriage,
miracles, the lives of the saints and their relics, and concepts of authority
in the post-Reformation churches. Co-editing a collection of essays on ideas
about superstition in the era of the Reformation encouraged me to explore
further the often permeable boundary between religion and belief, writing on
magic and priestcraft, witchcraft and familiars, and the reading and writing of
I would welcome applications and enquiries within the fields of early modern religion and belief, including the history of the Reformation, witchcraft and magic, saints and miracles, and connections between natural history and religion in this period.
Recent and current research students have worked on the social history of medicine, connections between religion, magic and medical practice, the history of science, parish libraries in early modern England, English Catholicism in the seventeenth century, and the emergence of the concept of demonic witchcraft.
Part 1: Demons and Demonologists: Witchcraft in Early Modern Europe
Part 2: Belief and Unbelief: Religion, Science and the Supernatural c.1400-1800.
Part 3: Witches, Heretics and Social Outcasts: Europe and its Outsiders c.1250-1550 and Special Subject: Ritual, Myth and Magic in Early Modern Europe
Postgraduate MA (postgraduate taught)
Option: The Reformation in Europe
Contributions to core modules, project supervision, and dissertation supervision
Research centres and groups
I am a member of the early modern Research Centre, and the Centre for Health Humanities at the University of Reading. I have co-supervised research students with colleagues in the School of Literature and Languages, and the Graduate Centre for Medieval Studies.
Awards and honours
Fellow of the Royal Historical Society
Senior Fellow of the Higher Education Academy
Research Funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Council and Leverhulme Trust.
I write for The Conversation, engaging a wider audience with historical research. Recent articles include a historical analysis of debates over clerical celibacy in the modern church, the history of Christmas, early modern ideas about miracles, magic and meteorology, and the origins of the modern calendar. Readership for these is in excess of 120,000, and two articles have been translated into Japanese and Indonesian languages.
I also write for the University of Reading History Department Blog
Impact and public engagement
I have engaged in a range of media work, including a (BBC) television series on the history of Christianity in England, and radio interviews on topics linked to beliefs, traditions and superstitions, as well as the history of the church and the history of witchcraft (BBC Radio 5 Live, BBC Radio Berkshire, BBC Radio London, BBC Radio Three Counties, BBC Radio Somerset, BBC Radio Orkney, BBC Radio Surrey, BBC Radio Solent, BBC Radio Gloucester, BBC Radio Wales, BBC Radio Scotland, Radio Sputnik)
In 2020, I delivered the inaugural University of Reading half-term Childrens’ Lecture Cats, Bats and Pointed Hats: Hallowe’en and the History of Witchcraft.