Mary has held Associate Editor positions for the American Journal of Physical Anthropology (now AJBA) and the International Journal of Paleopathology and has sat on the Editorial Board of the International Journal of Osteoarchaeology. She is Scientific Advisor for STARC, Cyprus. Mary was elected as President of the Paleopathology Association in 2022 (term: 2023-2025).
- Head of Archaeological Science
- Programme Director for MSc Professional Human Osteoarchaeology.
Areas of interest
- Puberty in the past
- Adolescent health
- Child paleopathology
- Growth and development
- Osteology of the life course
- Urban and industrial health in the past
Mary is happy to discuss proposals for postgraduate research in any area of bioarchaeology, but especially palaeopathology and non-adult osteology. For further information, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
Mary has supervised students on a variety of topics in bioarchaeology (forensic anthropology, adult ageing and the life course, urbanisation and health, puberty assessment; Roman transitions). She currently supervises the following postgraduate projects:
- Florencia Botta (International student, with Dr Muldner): An evaluation of the impact of famine and plague on childhood stress and adult health in medieval England.
- Rebecca Pitt (with Prof Eckardt): Investigating the impact the Roman conquest had on Iron Age people’s health through examining perinatal, infant and maternal health.
- Paige Falco (International student): Investigating the presences of air pollution in Romano British populations and its impacts on health utilizing palaeopathology and trace element analysis.
- Jack Eggington (SWW-AHRC student, with Dr Muldner): Diet, health, and social inequality in industrial England: a mother-infant perspective
- Ellen Green (with Prof Garrow): Dead in a ditch: a taphonomic examination of human and animal remains deposited in non-formal funerary contexts in S E England during the late Iron-Age and early Roman periods.
- Allison Legge (with Dr Muldner): Health inequality in post medieval England – the intersectionality of sex, social status and respiratory disease.
- Tom Mills: 'Be Thou Dead to the World, but Alive unto God': defining the diagnosis and evolution of leprosy using the evidence of child and adult skeletal remains.
- Jennifer Austen (International student): Cribra orbitalia, cribra humeralis and cribra femoralis: understanding their aetiology.
- Sophia Mills: Ageing and the Aged: the social and physical implications of senescence AD 900-1550. Submitted 2022
Previous graduates include:
- Emily Carroll (SWW DTP Studentship, with Dr Muldner): No smoke without fire: cremation practices in Late Iron Age and Roman Hertfordshire. Funerary responses to cultural, social and technological transitions. Graduated 2020. Emily is a freelance osteologist.
- Sasha-Ray Valme (International student): Adolescence and the Age of Puberty in Post-Medieval England. Graduated 2019.
- Candace McGovern (International student): Coming of Age as a Woman in Roman Britain: physical development and the life course from puberty through adulthood. Graduated 2019.
- Cecilia Collins (International student): Upper Respiratory Tract Disease in a Medieval Icelandic Population." Graduated 2019.
- Anna Rohnbogner (AHRC-funded Student, with Professor Eckardt): Dying young: a palaeopathological analysis of child health in Roman Britain. Graduated 2015.
- Petra Verlinden (Leverhulme Trust-funded student): Child's Play? A new methodology for the identification of trauma in non-adult skeletal remains.Graduated 2015. Petra is a Technical officer at Johnson Matthey
- Rebecca Watts (AHRC Studentship): Childhood development and adult longevity in archaeological populations from medieval and post-Medieval England (AD 950-1855). Graduated 2014. Rebecca is a Lecturer in Bioarchaeology at UCL.
- Margaret Andrews (with Dr Gabor Thomas): The palaeopathology of the Romano-British to early Medieval Transition in Southern Britain. Graduated 2014. Margaret is a General Medical Practitioner.
- Ceri Falys (International student, AHRC Studentship): Extending the Life Course: developing new methods for identifying the elderly in the archaeological record. Graduated 2012. Ceri is the Head Osteoarchaeologist at TVAS, Reading.
- Justine Tracey (with Professor Richard Bradley): Cultural behaviour or Natural Processes? A review of Southern Britain Iron Age Skeletal Remains. Graduated 2011. Justine works as a civil servant.
- Maria Jelaca-Tavakoli (International student): A forensic approach to estimation of stature from dimensions of the skeletonised lumbar and sacral spine. Graduated 2008. Maria teaches Anthropology at Southwestern College, California.
Mary teaches the method and theory behind the study of human skeletal remains, osteological techniques, and palaeopathology at undergraduate and master's level.
She is convenor for:
- Bioarchaeology (UG module)
- In at the Deep End: Professional Human Osteoarchaeology (MSc module)
- Analysis of Human Remains (MSc module)
- Palaeopathology of Adults and Children (MSc module).
She also teaches on: Issues and Debates in Bioarchaeology (MSc); Archaeology and Heritage (UG); Changing the Face of the Earth (UG); Forensic Archaeology (UG).
Research centres and groups
Mary specialises in the study of child and adolescent skeletal remains with a particular focus on palaeopathology, and runs the MSc in Professional Human Osteoarchaeology. Mary's publications include two books: Palaeopathology of Children (Academic Press, 2018) and The Bioarchaeology of Children (CUP, 2007).
Her work, and that of her research students, has broadened osteological techniques used to explore aspects of the life course (infancy, childhood, adolescence and old age), including the highlighting the importance of research on adolescents in the past, and the development of a new method to identify the stages of puberty in skeletal remains.
In addition to her recent work on puberty and adolescence in the past, Mary’s research has helped to outline the criteria for the diagnosis of leprosy (2002), tuberculosis (2011), thalassaemia (2010) and trauma (2014) in child skeletal remains. @Maryosteokids
- Fellow of the Higher Education Academy
- PhD in Bioarchaeology (University of Bradford)
- MSc Osteology, Palaeopathology and Funerary Archaeology (University of Bradford)
- BA Archaeology (University of Leicester)
- Dewitte S and Lewis ME. 2021. Medieval menarche: changes in pubertal timing in the aftermath of the Black Death. American Journal of Human Biology 33(2):e23439 Read article
- Lewis ME. 2016. Work and the adolescent in medieval England AD 900-1550: the osteological evidence. Medieval Archaeology, 60 (1): 138-171. Read article
- Lewis ME., Shapland F. and Watts R. 2016. On the threshold of adulthood: A new approach for the use of maturation indicators to assess puberty in adolescents from medieval England. American Journal of Human Biology, 28 (1): 48-56. Read article
- Lewis ME, Shapland F, and Watts R. 2015. The influence of chronic conditions and the environment on pubertal development. An example from medieval England. International Journal of Paleopathology 12:1-10 Read article
- Lewis, M. ORCID: 0000-0001-6224-0278 (2022) Exploring adolescence as a key life history stage in bioarchaeology. American Journal of Biological Anthropology , 179 (4). pp. 519-534. ISSN: 1537-2707 | doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.24615
- Lewis, M. ORCID: 0000-0001-6224-0278 and Montgomery, J. (2022) Youth mobility, migration and health before and after the Black Death. Bioarchaeology International ISSN: 2472-8349
- Garnett, E. and Lewis, M. ORCID: 0000-0001-6224-0278 (2022) The potential for over diagnosis of Paget’s Disease of bone using macroscopic analysis. International Journal of Paleopathology , 38 pp. 55-63. ISSN: 1879-9817 | doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpp.2022.07.001
- DeWitte, S. and Lewis, M. (2021) Medieval menarche: changes in pubertal timing in the aftermath of the Black Death. American Journal of Human Biology , 33 (2). ISSN: 1520-6300 | doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajhb.23439
- Lewis, M. (2019) Chapter 18: skeletal dysplasias and related conditions. In: Buikstra, J. , (eds.) Ortner's Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains. Academic Press pp. 615-637. | doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-809738-0.00018-1
- Lewis, M. (2019) Chapter 17: congenital and neuromechanical abnormalities of the skeleton. In: Buikstra, J. , (eds.) Ortner's Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains. Academic Press pp. 585-613. ISBN: 9780128097380 | doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-809738-0.00017-X
- Lewis, M. (2019) Chapter 16: endocrine disturbances. In: Buikstra, J. , (eds.) Ortner's Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains. Academic Press , London. pp. 567-718. ISBN: 9780128097380 | doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-809738-0.00016-8
- Lewis, M. (2018) Disease and trauma in the children from Roman Britain. In: Crawford, S. , Hadley, D. , Shepherd, G. , (eds.) Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Childhood. Oxford University Press , Oxford. ISBN: 9780199670697
- Lewis, M. (2018) Children in bioarchaeology: methods and interpretations. In: Katzenberg, M. and Grauer, A. , (eds.) Biological Anthropology of the Human Skeleton, 3rd edition. Wiley Blackwell , New York. ISBN: 9781119151616
- Rohnbogner, A. and Lewis, M. (2017) Poundbury Camp in context – a new perspective on the lives of children from urban and rural Roman England. American Journal of Physical Anthropology , 162 (2). pp. 208-228. ISSN: 1096-8644 | doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.23106
- Lewis, M. (2017) Paleopathology of children: identification of pathological conditions in the human skeletal remains of non-adults. Academic Press pp 300. ISBN: 9780124104020
- Lewis, M. (2017) Fetal paleopathology: an impossible discipline?. In: Han, S. , Betsinger, T. , Scott, A. , (eds.) The Anthropology of the Fetus: Biology, Culture, and Society. Berghan Books , New York. ISBN: 9781785336911
- Lewis, M. (2016) Childcare in the past: the contribution of palaeopathology. In: Powell, L. , Southwell-Wright, W. , Gowland, R. , (eds.) Care in the Past. Oxbow ISBN: 9781785703355
- Rohnbogner, A. and Lewis, M. (2016) Dental caries as a measure of diet, health, and difference in non-adults from urban and rural Roman Britain. Dental Anthropology , 29 (1). pp. 16-31. ISSN: 1096-9411
- Lewis, M. , Shapland, F. , Watts, R. (2016) The influence of chronic conditions and the environment on pubertal development. An example from medieval England. International Journal of Paleopathology , 12 pp. 1-10. ISSN: 1879-9817 | doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpp.2015.10.004
- Lewis, M. (2016) Work and the adolescent in medieval England (AD 900-1550): the osteological evidence. Medieval Archaeology , 60 (1). pp. 138-171. ISSN: 0076-6097 | doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00766097.2016.1147787
- Shapland, F. , Lewis, M. , Watts, R. (2016) The lives and deaths of young medieval women: the osteological evidence. Medieval Archaeology , 59 (1). pp. 272-289. ISSN: 1745-817X | doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00766097.2015.1119392
- Lewis, M. , Shapland, F. , Watts, R. (2016) On the threshold of adulthood: a new approach for the use of maturation indicators to assess puberty in adolescents from medieval England. American Journal of Human Biology , 28 (1). pp. 48-56. ISSN: 1520-6300 | doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajhb.22761
- Verlinden, P. and Lewis, M. (2015) Childhood trauma: methods for the identification of physeal fractures in non-adult skeletal remains. American Journal of Physical Anthropology , 157 (3). pp. 411-420. ISSN: 0002-9483 | doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.22732
- Eckardt, H. , Muldner, G. , Lewis, M. (2014) People on the move in Roman Britain. World Archaeology , 46 (4). pp. 534-550. ISSN: 0043-8243 | doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00438243.2014.931821
- Shapland, F. and Lewis, M. (2014) Brief communication: a proposed method for the assessment of pubertal stage in human skeletal remains using cervical vertebrae maturation.. American Journal of Physical Anthropology , 153 (1). pp. 144-153. ISSN: 1096-8644 | doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.22416
- Lewis, M. (2014) Sticks and stones: exploring the nature and significance of child trauma in the past. In: Knusel, C. and Smith, M. , (eds.) The Routledge Handbook of the Bioarchaeology of Human Conflict. Routledge , London. pp. 39-63. ISBN: 9780415842198
- Lewis, M. (2014) Children in bioarchaeology and forensic anthropology. Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology. Springer pp. 1392-1395. ISBN: 9781441904263 (in the Bioarchaeology and Human Osteology section)
- Lewis, M. (2013) Children of the golden minster: St. Oswald's Priory and the impact of industrialisation on child health.. Journal of Anthropology , 2013 (959472). ISSN: 2090-4053 | doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/959472
- Shapland, F. and Lewis, M. (2013) Brief communication: a proposed osteological method for the estimation of pubertal stage in human skeletal remains.. American Journal of Physical Anthropology , 151 (2). pp. 302-310. ISSN: 1096-8644 | doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.22268
- Lewis, M. (2012) Thalassaemia: its diagnosis and interpretation in past skeletal populations. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology , 22 (6). pp. 685-693. ISSN: 1099-1212 | doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/oa.1229
- Lewis, M. (2011) The osteology of infancy and childhood: misconceptions and potential. In: Lally, M. and Moore, A. , (eds.) (Re)thinking the little ancesto r: new perspectives on the archaeology of infancy and childhood. BAR International Series Archaeopress (S2271). , Oxford. pp. 1-13. ISBN: 9781407308456
- Lewis, M. (2011) The human remains. In: Fulford, M. and Clarke, A. , (eds.) Silchester: city in transition. The mid-Roman occupation of Insula IX c. A.D. 125-250/300. A report on excavations undertaken since 1997. Britannia Monograph Series Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies (25). pp. 241-243. ISBN: 9780907764373
- Lewis, M. (2011) Tuberculosis in the non-adults from Romano-British Poundbury Camp, Dorset, England. International Journal of Paleopathology , 1 (1). pp. 12-23. ISSN: 1879-9817 | doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpp.2011.02.002
- Falys, C. and Lewis, M. (2011) Proposing a way forward: a review of standardisation in the use of age categories and ageing techniques in osteological analysis (2004 to 2009). International Journal of Osteoarchaeology , 21 (6). pp. 704-716. ISSN: 1099-1212 | doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/oa.1179
- Leach, S. , Eckardt, H. , Chenery, C. , Muldner, G. , Lewis, M. (2010) A Lady of York: migration, ethnicity and identity in Roman Britain. Antiquity , 84 (323). pp. 131-145. ISSN: 0003-598X | doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0003598X00099816
- Lewis, M. (2010) Life and death in a civitas capital: metabolic disease and trauma in the children from late Roman Dorchester, Dorset. American Journal of Physical Anthropology , 142 (3). pp. 405-416. ISSN: 0002-9483 | doi: DOI:10.1002/ajpa.21239
- Chenery, C. , Müldner, G. , Evans, J. , Eckardt, H. , Leach, S. , Lewis, M. (2010) Strontium and stable isotope evidence for diet and mobility in Roman Gloucester, UK. Journal of Archaeological Science , 37 (1). pp. 150-163. ISSN: 0305-4403 | doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2009.09.025
- Lewis, M. and Clegg, M. , eds. (2009) Proceedings of the Ninth Annual Conference of the British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology, Department of Archaeology, University of Reading . BAR International Series Archaeopress (S1918). , Oxford. pp 135. ISBN: 978 1 4073 0401 4
- Lewis, M. and Gowland, R. (2009) Infantile cortical hyperostosis: causes, cases and contradictions. In: Lewis, M. and Clegg, M. , (eds.) Proceedings of the Ninth Annual Conference of the British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology, Department of Archaeology, University of Reading. BAR International Series Archaeopress (S1918). , Oxford. pp. 43-51. ISBN: 9781407304014
- Leach, S. , Lewis, M. , Chenery, C. , Müldner, G. , Eckardt, H. (2009) Migration and diversity in Roman Britain: a multidisciplinary approach to immigrants in Roman York, England. American Journal of Physical Anthropology , 140 (3). pp. 546-561. ISSN: 0002-9483 | doi: DOI:10.1002/ajpa.21104
- Lewis, M. (2008) A traitor's death? The identity of a drawn, hanged and quartered man from Hulton Abbey, Staffordshire. Antiquity , 82 (315). pp. 113-124. ISSN: 0003-598X
- Lewis, M. (2008) The children. In: Magilton, . , Lee, . , Boylston, . , (eds.) ‘Lepers Outside the Gate’. Excavations at the Cemetery of the Hospital of St James and St Mary Magdalene, Chichester, 1986-87 and 1993. Council for British Archaeology Research Report pp. 174-186.
- Barker, C. , Cox, M. , Flavel, A. , Laver, J. , Lewis, M. , McKinley, J. (2008) Mortuary procedures III – Skeletal analysis 2: Techniques for determining identity. In: Cox, . , Flavel, . , Hanson, . , Laver, . , Wessling, . , (eds.) The Scientific Investigation of Mass Graves. Towards protocols and standard operating procedures. Cambridge University Press , Cambridge. pp. 383-462. ISBN: 9780521865876
- Lewis, M. and Gowland, R. (2007) Brief and precarious lives: Infant mortality in contrasting sites from medieval and post-medieval England (AD 850-1859). American Journal of Physical Anthropology , 134 (1). pp. 117-129. ISSN: 0002-9483 | doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.20643
- Lewis, M. (2007) The Bioarchaeology of Children. Current Perspectives in Biological and Forensic Anthropology.. Cambridge University Press , Cambridge. pp 248. | doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/shm/hkm093
- Lewis, M. and Flavel, A. (2006) Age assessment of child skeletal remains in forensic contexts. In: Schmitt, . , Cunha, . , Pinheiro, . , (eds.) Forensic Anthropology and Medicine: complementary sciences from recovery to cause of death. Humana Press Inc , Totowa. pp. 243-258.
- Bennike, P. , Lewis, M. , Schutkowski, H. , Valentin, F. (2005) Comparison of child morbidity in two contrasting medieval cemeteries from Denmark. American Journal of Physical Anthropology , 128 (4). pp. 734-746. ISSN: 0002-9483 | doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.20233
- Lewis, M. (2004) Endocranial lesions: their distribution and aetiology. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology , 14 (2). pp. 82-97. ISSN: 1047-482X | doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/oa.713