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William Holderbaum

Portrait of William Holderbaum
  • Coordinator of Part II Exams: involves collating exams, put it under the examination form, contacting external reviewers and make the correction, dispatch exams papers to lecturers, gathering all results in electronic format.
  • Examining: setting and marking exams tests/or assignments associated with the units taught.
  • Supervising final year projects.
  • Supervising PhD Students.
  • Staff Training and Development: attended workshops; teaching project submitted and pass, Self Development training in Control Theory.


Present Modules

  • SE1CEM11: Engineering Mathematics and Tutorial.
    Autumn, Spring and summer Term; Algebra and Complex number, Differentiation and Integration and tutorials in Algebra, Differentiation, Integration, Complex number, Vectors Algebra, Matrix Algebra, Differential Equation,.

Past Modules

  • EE710 (Topics in Engineering): Architecture and Algorithm, Autumn term.
  • CY561: Control lab, Spring Term.
  • EE0C2 Foundation Year: Electronic, Spring Term.
  • Foundation Year: Electronic lab, Autumn and Spring Term.
  • CY1A2 Cybernetics and its application, Spring Term.
  • EG1C2: Math tutorial, Autumn and Spring Term, Differentiation, Integration, Complex number, Matrix, Numerical Method, Autumn and Spring Term.
  • EE2B2 Electromagnetism and its application, Autumn and Spring Term, Vector algebra, vector analysis, Electrostatic fields, Magnetic fields. Magnetic materials and permanent magnets. Faraday's Law, Transmission Lines.
  • SE1CB9: Engineering Mathematics, Algebra, Functions, Vectors and Complex number

Research projects

Within the research group Prof Holderbaum's research the theory of control systems and modelling with applications mainly focused on the following topics: Boolean input systems (i.e. power converter), Geometric Control (nonholonomic control systems), Rehabilitation Engineering (Robust Control Design for unsupported Paraplegic Standing), Energy reduction (Smart Grid, Multiple Agent Systems, Fuel Cells, Power Generation and Wireless Power Transfer), Autonomous Vehicle (Motion planning, visualisation control):

  • Boolean input systems are sub-class of hybrid systems (Boolean + continuous) of a single model obtain from the Bond Graph modelling technique. I have developed theoretical control laws and studied the Lyapunov stability of systems with application to electrical motors in simulation. I have also extended hybrid control laws using a neural network approach. At the present time I am studying a new approach from the stability point of view.
  • The goal of rehabilitation engineering allows people to restore movement with Functional Electrical Simulation. The human body is a complex system that is very difficult to control; I developed new strategies to integrate and/or to take into account those particular complexities. The direction of research involves patients with severe Spinal Cord Injury who have difficulties in transferring between poses (e.g. moving from a bed to a chair), and likewise for carers of patients with Spinal Cord Injuries who must avoid possible back pain due to incorrect lifting. This work investigates the dynamics involved in transferring, along with Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) methods to activate muscle groups at the appropriate phase of a sit-to-stand transfer. The overall control of the transfer would be shared between the carer and the individual with the Spinal Cord Injury.
  • This research involves studying nonholonomic control systems whose configuration space can be described by a matrix Lie group. This framework provides a natural and mathematically rich setting for studying nonholonomic systems. In particular analysis tools from a diverse range of mathematical subjects such as group theory and differential geometry are used extensively. A transformation has been considered in the Hamiltonian setting which is the natural setting for conserved systems (systems with symmetry). The Hamiltonian equations can then be solved explicitly in many cases and as such global solutions of high dimensional systems can be obtained. In addition the research extends much of the current theory to consider non-Euclidean spaces. This current work has been applied in the control of an Autonomous Under-water Vehicle
  • Energy minimisation is an important research topics and even more so today in order to reduce the overall CO2 emission. This research uses the mathematical engineering skills in order to minimise the energy consumption in home by adding storage combining with multiple agent systems. Another topic relates to the use of PhotoVoltaic (PV) cells and ThermoElectric (TE) to scavenge energy freely available around us. Control engineering renders this possible by managing the power betweens loads (demand) and generator (PV-TE). Other areas of energy related research are wireless power transfer (which consists of modelling the efficiency of power transfer from Maxwell's Equations) and fuels cells technology (estimation of the magnetic fields from the cells using classification algorithms)
  • The research work on Unmanned Air Vehicle(UAV) focuses on the review and comparison of different existing algorithms from the literatures for path planning. To perform such a comparison a benchmark environment is designed associated with performance metrics. Furthermore different control methods are being researched focusing on navigation and guidance using camera and sensors. Lastly an interesting research is emerging of UAV control. Indeed the development of computational methods for the design of optimal low thrust spacecraft trajectories subject to uncertainties (dynamics of the system, lack of accurate knowledge on the terminal constraints associated with a mission). Two alternative approaches based on stochastic sampling are being explored: The first approach will employ the unscented transformation to approximate the distribution of the control and state trajectories. The second approach is a modified particle control approach, whereby the probability distributions of the states and controls are iteratively approximated using sampling.


Google Scholar

Activities Outside the University

  • Member of the IEEE.
  • Reviewer: Journal: Mathematical Reviews AMS (American Mathematical Society), IEEE/SMC Systems Man and Cybernetics journal, IEEE control systems and technology IEEE Transaction on Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transaction on Automatic Control, IEEE Transaction on Neural Network, European Journal Control, International Journal of Control, Journal Of systems and Control Engineering (Imech), Automatica,
  • Involvement in International Conferences, organisation and review process.
  • Invited Lectured/Seminars (Lille, Wisconsin, Berlin, Reading, Leicester, Glasgow)
  • Industrial Collaborations (Stontronics, Scottish Southern Energy, Safe Training Systems Ltd, Rockwell Collins, KEC interconnect, GDS instrument, Salisbury Hospital, Stanmore Hospital)
  • Academic Collaborations (Rhodes University, University of Toronto, Max Plank Institute, University of Glasgow, University of Lille, University of Leeds, University of Loughborough, University of Strathclyde, University of Brunel etc... )
  • Associate lecturer with the Open University (MSc Mathematics: Fractal Geometry)


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