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Dr Michael Garratt

Areas of interest

My research focusses on invertebrate ecology in the agri-environment and primarily the impacts of farming practice and land management on the ecosystem services of pest control and pollination underpinning crop production. I have worked in many cropping systems including arable, soft fruit and top fruit production and my research is applied and often industry funded.

Specific areas of interest include:

  • Insect pollination ecology and crop production
  • Ecological intensification of smallholder farming systems
  • Effects of agricultural practices on pests and natural enemies
  • Trophic influences of soil fertility management in agricultural systems
  • Integrated Pest Management

Postgraduate supervision

Current PhD Students:

  • Charlotte Howard (2020-2024) Wildflower habitat; Apples, Aphids, and Allies (FoodBioSystem DTP)
  • Joris Rockx (2022-2026) Precision Apiculture in UK Soft fruit
  • Laura Reeves (2020-2024) Pears, pests and natural enemies: modelling tri-trophic interactions in a changing climate (BBSRC Waitrose CTP)
  • Linn Vassvik (2021-2025) Sustainable Pollination of Norwegian Apples (Research Council of Norway, GreenRoad Project)
  • Kiera Dymond (2019-2023) Sustainable crop production in Chile: Challenges, solutions and the role of biodiversity (BBSRC Waitrose CTP, Greencell)
  • Nick Buck (2018-2022) Impacts of novel control strategies for Spotted Winged Drosophila on ecosystem services and crop production in raspberries (BBSRC Waitrose CTP, Berry World)
  • Konstantinos Tsiolis (2018-2022) Bee nesting resources: the missing element of sustainable crop pollination (BBSRC Waitrose CTP, Worldwide Fruit Ltd)

Completed PhD Students:

  • Louise Hutchinson (2017-2022): What is a bee really worth? Mapping the economics of crop pollination (NERC QMEE CDT)
  • Victoria Wickens (2011-2015): Understanding and managing the flow of pest regulation services between protected areas and agroecosystems (EU 7th Framework funding)
  • Zeus Mateos-Fierro (2016-2019): Sustainable production of sweet cherry: maximizing benefits from ecosystem services (Waitrose, Berry Gardens, University of Worcester)


Lecturer on Principle of Integrated Pest Management (AP3A102) and Research Methods in Agricultural Ecology and Environment MRes (APMA 110). I supervise a number of undergraduate and MSc research dissertation students.

Research projects

Current Projects:

  • BioSmart Towards BIO-smart livestock farming in Colombia: cultural landscapes, silvo-pastoral systems and biodiversity (RCUK-CIAT Newton Fund 2018 - 2023)
  • RestPoll Maintaining and restoring pollinators and pollination (H2020 2023-2027) services in European agricultural landscapes
  • SUPER FARM – Sustainable farming through effective pollination and pest regulation in India (GCRF Strategic Fund Substantial Research Projects 2019 – 2022)
  • OptiSeed - Optimising agronomic and biological inputs for oilseed rape production (AHDB/BBSRC net-zero partnership 2021-2022)
  • Close the Gap - Focusing on achieving bigger, healthier, better-connected hedgerows (Government’s Green Recovery Challenge Fund 2021 - 2022)
  • SAFEGUARD – Safeguarding European wild pollinators (H2020 2021 - 2024)
  • GreenRoad - Sustainable growth of the Norwegian Horticulture Food System (The Research Council of Norway 2021 – 2025)
  • TROPICAL - Translating Research Opportunities to enhance Pollination benefits to economically Important Crops And improve Livelihoods (BBSRC GCRF Translation Awards 2020 - 2022)
  • NEOPOLL - Effects of Neonicotinoids and Temperature on Crop Pollination (The Research Council of Norway 2017 - 2022)
  • PMRP Pollinator Monitoring and Research Partnership (Defra, JNCC, the Welsh Government, Scottish Government and project partners 2016-2023)

Completed Projects:

  • SMOOPS Sustainable Management of Orchard Pollination Services (BBSRC/NERC, Syngenta, Avalon and Worldwide Fruit 2016 - 2020)
  • CLEANFRUIT - Towards zero residue fruit production: development of sustainable strategies for pest and disease control (EIT Food 2019 – 2020)
  • Modelling Landscapes for Resilient Pollination Services (BBSRC Global Food Security - 2017-2020)
  • Kenya EI Ecological Intensification of Smallholder Farms in Kenya (GCRF Development of Equitable Partnerships Projects 2018 - 2019)
  • Biodiversity conservation and ecosystem services provision to improve economic, environmental and social performance in smallholder farms (British Council Researcher Links 2018)
  • Promoting Productive and Sustainable Farming in the Indian Himalaya through Ecological Intensification (Royal Society 2018 – 2019)
  • Better crop pollination and pest regulation for the Ecological Intensification of smallholder farmers in Argentina (British Council Researcher Links 2018)
  • LIBERATION - Linking farmland biodiversity to ecosystem services for effective ecofunctional intensification (EU FP7 2014-2017)
  • SUPER-B - Sustainable Pollination in Europe (EU COST Action 2014-2018)
  • NPPMF - National Pollinator and Pollination Service Monitoring Framework (Defra 2014-2016)
  • Sustainable Pollination Services for UK Crops – Insect Pollinator Initiative project: Sustainable Management of UK Crop Pollination Services (RCUK 2011-2014)

Professional Activities:

  • Chair - Royal Entomological Society Pollination Special Interest Group
  • Associate/Handling Editor - Insect Conservation and Diversity, Food and Energy Security, Agriculture and Forest Entomology
  • Visiting Research Fellow – Western Sydney University
  • Member - BBSRC Pool of Experts
  • Jury President - European Landowners Organisation ‘European Bee Awards’
  • Member - Defra Pollinator Advisory Steering Group
  • Associate Fellow - Higher Education Academy
  • Member of the British Ecological Society and the Royal Entomological Society.