PM2DM-Delivering Pharmacy Services (UoRM Campus)

Module Provider: Pharmacy
Number of credits: 20 [10 ECTS credits]
Level:5
Terms in which taught: Autumn / Spring / Summer module
Pre-requisites: PM1AM Fundamentals of Physiology (UoRM Campus) and PM1BM Medicines Discovery, Design, Development and Delivery (UoRM Campus) and PM1CM Introduction to Professionalism and Practice (UoRM Campus)
Non-modular pre-requisites:
Co-requisites: PM2A2M Therapeutics and Medicines Optimisation A: Molecules and Medicines (UoRM Campus) and PM2BM Therapeutics and Medicines Optimisation B: A Journey Through the GI Tract (UoRM Campus) and PM2C2M Therapeutics and Medicines Optimisation C2: Therapeutics and Patient Care (UoRM Campus)
Modules excluded:
Current from: 2019/0

Module Convenor: Dr Rosemary Lim

Email: r.h.m.lim@reading.ac.uk

Type of module:

Summary module description:

This module focuses on pharmacy practice concepts and skills development, building on themes introduced in PM1BM and PM1CM, for example: interpreting and assessing prescriptions, dispensing, NHS and health policy affecting pharmacy, medicines-related legislation and community pharmacy services. The module also introduces alternative medicines and hospital pharmacy, teaching skills such as monitoring of drug therapies, medicines reconciliation and pharmaceutical care. The examples used in class are aligned to the Part 2 main therapeutic topics and pharmaceutical chemistry and drug delivery concepts are integrated into lectures and workshops where relevant. These skills will be put into practice through placement experience in structured hospital visits. Science and practice-focused calculation skills are revisited in workshops and assessed summatively. The module also considers patient-centred care, developing communication skills whilst considering social, environmental, lifestyle and cultural factors that impact on health.



Students at the Malaysian campus will also learn about Malaysian practice as appropriate.


Aims:

This module aims to provide students with the opportunity to develop their skills in professional practice whilst using their core science knowledge (gained from Part 1 and PM2A2M, PM2BM and PM2C2M). Using an integrated learning approach, the module aims to demonstrate to students how science impacts on professional practice, with applications to a range of sectors including community, hospital and industrial pharmacy.


Assessable learning outcomes:

Students will be able to: • Recognise and discuss the ethical and legal aspects of drug procurement, sale, supply and use, including issues related to controlled drugs (including disposal), private prescriptions, emergency supplies, wholesale dealing, veterinary medicines, non-medicinal products and unlicensed and off-license use of medicines • Interpret, assess and process prescriptions (i.e. legal and clinical validation) and other requests for medicines and suggest appropriate action to be taken to resolve identified issues. This will include dispensing, labelling, endorsing, recording and supply of human and veterinary medicines • Explain why medicines errors may occur and how they may be prevented, including the use of near-miss logs and error reporting. • Recognise and interpret appropriate sources of information that may be used in taking a drug history and discuss different patient consultation techniques. • Explain the process of medicines reconciliation • Describe how to assess hospital drug charts for clinical appropriateness and validity • Recommend, interpret and explain appropriate patient and clinical monitoring parameters • Explain the term “pharmaceutical care” and apply this to the development of a patient centred pharmaceutical care plan • Prepare information to support patients in managing their medicines • Discuss social, environmental, lifestyle and dietary factors that influence health • Demonstrate a thorough knowledge of NHS/health policies, the Community Pharmacy Contractual Framework, and explain how community pharmacy services are reimbursed and remunerated • Discuss the identification and management of minor ailments affecting the respiratory system, cardiovascular system, renal system and the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Make appropriate recommendations regarding complex responding to symptoms scenarios. • Discuss the use of Traditional/Complementary and Alternative medicines, including regulatory aspects of herbal medicines and other complementary medicines. • Identify drug interactions using science as the basis for recommendations for management, including relevant counselling points and advice. • Perform science and practice-focused calculations accurately including verifying the safety of doses and administration rates • Use reference sources (e.g. BNF, Medicines Complete, eMC, the Drug Tariff and MEP) effectively



Students at the Malaysian campus will also learn about Malaysian practice as appropriate


Additional outcomes:

In addition to the assessed outcomes, this module continues to develop students’ communication, both orally and in written format, using language appropriate to different types of audiences. Students will also further develop their team working skills. They will be provided with the opportunity to develop their skills in patient consultation and providing medicines-related information through supervised visits to hospitals. They will also gain further insight into community pharmacy and be able to apply their knowledge to real life situations during a community pharmacy placement.



Critical appraisal skills will be further developed and are summatively assessed in other Part 2 modules or later in the programme. 


Outline content:


  • Introduction to module: Put module in context with Part 2 teaching and explain the key concepts covered in the module, integrating science into professional practice focusing on three therapeutic areas: GI tract, respiratory and cardiovascular systems.

  • Pharmacy law and regulations: Series of lectures covering The Medicines Act 1968 & Human Medicines Regulations 2012, Misuse of Drugs Act & Regulations and Veterinary Medicines Regulations, building upon PM1CM to cover the full range of commonly encountered prescriptions and supply types (e.g. FP10PCD, controlled drugs, private, emergency supplies, wholesale dealing, veterinary, non-medical prescribing, unlicensed and off-licence use of medicines). Poisons, reagents and denatured alcohol. Patient Group Directions. These lectures are closely linked with practical classes to further develop skills in interpreting, labelling, dispensing and supplying medicines, using medications covered in other Part 2 modules as illustrative examples.

  • Pharmacy Ethics: Ethical theories and decision making

  • Medicines Safety:  understanding causes of errors including the use of human factors.

  • Community pharmacy services: Lectures covering commissioning of community pharmacy services, the community pharmacy contractual framework, the three tiers of community services, the role and function of NHS Prescription Services and remuneration and reimbursement of pharmacy services.

  • Introduction to hospital pharmacy: Hospital drug charts, drug therapy monitoring and pharmaceutical care planning are introduced using therapeutic areas covered in other part 2 modules (GIT, cardiovascular, renal and respiratory diseases).

  • Alternative medicines: The use of Traditional/Complementary and Alternative medicines are introduced, including regulatory aspects of herbal medicines, nutraceuticals and supplements.

  • Calculations: Pharmaceutical and practice related calculations are covered across the Part 2 programme.

  • Patient centred care: Series of lectures and workshops covering concordance, adherence, compliance, communication and consultation skills, health literacy, health inequalities and how social, lifestyle and environmental factors influence health. Students are asked to consider the science behind a full range of drug interactions. Many of the clinical aspects of the course are brought together with the main Part 2 therapeutics areas in a series of workshops and lectures on pharmaceutical care of patients.

  • Placement visit: Students put the skills gained from Part 1 and other Part 2 modules into practice through placement experience in a hospital and community pharmacy.



Students at the Malaysian campus will also learn about Malaysian practice as appropriate


Brief description of teaching and learning methods:

Teaching and learning methods are lectures, workshops, practical classes, placement visits and directed private study. Tutorial/feedback sessions and peer assisted learning sessions are also timetabled to support students in their content learning and understanding. 



Attendance to all teaching sessions is required and poor attendance will be recorded in the student’s personal file. Students failing to complete and engage in pharmacy visits, placements and interprofessional education sessions will not be permitted to complete the programme.


Contact hours:
  Autumn Spring Summer
Lectures 24 20
Tutorials 6 5
Practicals classes and workshops 22 20
External visits 4 4
Guided independent study:      
    Wider reading (independent) 37 51
    Peer assisted learning 7
       
Total hours by term 100 100 0
       
Total hours for module 200

Summative Assessment Methods:
Method Percentage
Written exam 70
Written assignment including essay 10
Class test administered by School 20

Summative assessment- Examinations:

One 3-hour written examination.


Summative assessment- Coursework and in-class tests:

Two in-class tests: taken in one sitting, each lasting 45 minutes each, usually takes place in week 7 in the Autumn Term. Test 1 relates to pharmaceutical calculations and Test 2 relates to the use of the British National Formulary.



One piece of written coursework: relates to the hospital placement. Submission date is usually in the first or second week of the Spring Term.


Formative assessment methods:

Formative assessment and associated feedback forms a large proportion of the module, with students being provided with tutorials and on-line self-diagnostic assessments to help them prepare for the class tests (in autumn term) and final examination (in summer term). Knowledge and skills gained through this module will also be assessed in other part 2 modules. PAMS workshop tasks are individually marked and feedback provided; they will also undertake a PAMS practise workshop in preparation for the Part 3 summative PAMS assessment. Students are formatively assessed on their consultation skills using the consultation framework. Students can self-assess additional workshop tasks through feedback on Blackboard.


Penalties for late submission:

The Module Convenor will apply the following penalties for work submitted late, in accordance with the University policy, where the piece of work is submitted up to one calendar week after the original deadline (or any formally agreed extension to the deadline): 10% of the total marks available for the piece of work will be deducted from the mark for each working day (or part thereof) following the deadline up to a total of five working days; where the piece of work is submitted more than five working days after the original deadline (or any formally agreed extension to the deadline): a mark of zero will be recorded.


Assessment requirements for a pass:

Students must obtain an overall module mark of 40% and obtain at least 40% in the written examination.


Reassessment arrangements:

Reassessment is by re-examination in August, with a pass mark of 40% in each exam. Failed coursework may be reassessed by an alternative piece of work, before or during the August examination period.


Additional Costs (specified where applicable):

Printing and binding: £5-£10/RM25

Travel, accommodation and subsistence: Variable - may need to travel to pharmacy placements


Last updated: 8 April 2019

THE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THIS MODULE DESCRIPTION DOES NOT FORM ANY PART OF A STUDENT'S CONTRACT.

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