PM2A2M-Therapeutics and Medicines Optimisation A: Molecules and Medicines (UoRM Campus)

Module Provider: Pharmacy
Number of credits: 30 [15 ECTS credits]
Level:5
Terms in which taught: Autumn / Spring / Summer module
Pre-requisites: PM1AM Fundamentals of Physiology (UoRM Campus) and PM1BM Medicines Discovery, Design, Development and Delivery (UoRM Campus) and PM1CM Introduction to Professionalism and Practice (UoRM Campus)
Non-modular pre-requisites:
Co-requisites: PM2BM Therapeutics and Medicines Optimisation B: A Journey Through the GI Tract (UoRM Campus) and PM2DM Delivering Pharmacy Services (UoRM Campus) and PM2C2M Therapeutics and Medicines Optimisation C2: Therapeutics and Patient Care (UoRM Campus)
Modules excluded:
Current from: 2019/0

Module Convenor: Dr Sam Bizley

Email: s.c.bizley@reading.ac.uk

Type of module:

Summary module description:

With an emphasis on the therapeutic areas of infection and infection control, this module takes the student through the journey of drug discovery, drug action, design of medicines and patient-centred care. The module looks at how chemical structure impacts on activity and on medicine stability, choice of dosage form and advice given to patients by practising pharmacists. Drug discovery is discussed for both synthetic and natural products and includes metal-based medicines. Students are taught about the safe handling of materials, manufacturing methods (including aseptic preparations) and quality assurance. Basic statistics is taught and its relevance exemplified with respect to understanding clinical trial data and research papers. Analytical science skills, initially introduced in Part 1, are developed further to introduce more advanced analytical methods and their use in drug discovery and quality control processes. Practical classes cover a breadth of skills from across all cognate disciplines and our Part 2 practical class programme is fully integrated across all modules.


Aims:

This module aims to provide students with an introduction to aspects of medicines development in relation to industrial pharmacy. Students will gain an understanding of drug design, modes of action on a molecular level and drug development using selected drug examples of disease states taught in Part 2. As part of this module, students will also gain an understanding of how the quality of medicines can be assured and controlled. The module aims to teach core science and practice concepts as listed in the summary above using an integrated learning approach.


Assessable learning outcomes:

Students will be able to:




  • Discuss ethical dilemmas and respond in accordance with relevant codes of conduct in relation to clinical trials

  • Demonstrate how the science of pharmacy is applied in the design and development of drugs by analysing case studies in the area of drug discovery

  • Use peer review and assessment in the training of other members of the team within their practical assignment

  • Explain the basic concepts of statistics. Use statistics to inform experimental design and critical assessment of evidence. Use common statistical tests to determine significant differences between data sets.

  • Access and critically evaluate evidence to support the safe use of medicines

  • Critically evaluate a recent research article

  • Apply knowledge of pharmacy related policies within the design of practical experiments

  • Identify and employ appropriate diagnostic or physiological testing techniques in order to monitor and promote health

  • Instruct patients in the safe and effective use and storage of their medicines and devices using science knowledge to aid communication

  • Explain the terms “Quality Assurance” and “Quality Control” and how this supports the safe provision of medicines in line with legal requirements and best professional practice

  • Ensure the ingredients used to produce medicines comply with quality standards by applying knowledge gained in the problem-based practical classes

  • Apply pharmaceutical principles to formulation and preparation by integrating knowledge from PM2BM into the practical assignment

  • Analyse prescriptions (from community and hospital settings)

  • Assess for legal and contractual validity and clarity

  • Assess for clinical appropriateness 

  • Where necessary, make suggestions for modifications to maximise outcomes

  • Undertake pharmaceutical calculations

  • Develop, manage and maintain quality records as part of Quality Assurance

  • Explain how to safely store and distribute medicines and pharmaceutical products

  • Undertake risk assessments and explain their use in minimizing risk associated with practical/laboratory work

  • Take responsibility for Health and Safety and work as teams within the practical assignment 

  • Explain the role of pharmacy technical services and the processes and techniques used in the aseptic preparation of medicinal products

  • Use a variety of analytical methods and explain their application as diagnostic testing techniques


Additional outcomes:

Outline content:

Students will be able to:

• Discuss ethical dilemmas and respond in accordance with relevant codes of conduct in relation to clinical trials

• Demonstrate how the science of pharmacy is applied in the design and development of drugs by analysing case studies in the area of drug discovery

• Use peer review and assessment in the training of other members of the team within their practical assignment

• Explain the basic concepts of statistics. Use statistics to inform experimental design and critical assessment of evidence. Use common statistical tests to determine significant differences between data sets.

• Access and critically evaluate evidence to support the safe use of medicines

• Critically evaluate a recent research article

• Apply knowledge of pharmacy related policies within the design of practical experiments

• Identify and employ appropriate diagnostic or physiological testing techniques in order to monitor and promote health

• Instruct patients in the safe and effective use and storage of their medicines and devices using science knowledge to aid communication

• Explain the terms “Quality Assurance” and “Quality Control” and how this supports the safe provision of medicines in line with legal requirements and best professional practice

• Ensure the ingredients used to produce medicines comply with quality standards by applying knowledge gained in the problem-based practical classes

• Apply pharmaceutical principles to formulation and preparation by integrating knowledge from PM2BM into the practical assignment

• Analyse prescriptions (from community and hospital settings)

o Assess for legal and contractual validity and clarity

o Assess for clinical appropriateness 

o Where necessary, make suggestions for modifications to maximise outcomes

• Undertake pharmaceutical calculations

• Develop, manage and maintain quality records as part of Quality Assurance

• Explain how to safely store and distribute medicines and pharmaceutical products

• Undertake risk assessments and explain their use in minimizing risk associated with practical/laboratory work

• Take responsibility for Health and Safety and work as teams within the practical assignment 

• Explain the role of pharmacy technical services and the processes and techniques used in the aseptic preparation of medicinal products

• Use a variety of analytical methods and explain their application as diagnostic testing techniques


Brief description of teaching and learning methods:

Teaching and learning methods are through lectures, workshops, seminars, practical classes, problem based learning and directed private study. Critical opinion article: Students will write a short 2-page article critically assessing a recent research article. This activity will aid the students to develop their critical skills and their ability to succinctly discuss a topic. Practical classes involve techniques taught in all Part 2 modules and use problem-based learning. Two two-hour sessions are timetabled to support students in preparation of their activity (Certificate of Analysis) for their Personal and Academic Development (PAD) portfolio.


Contact hours:
  Autumn Spring Summer
Lectures 40 23 10
Seminars 8 4
Tutorials 2 5
Practicals classes and workshops 8 10
Guided independent study:      
    Wider reading (independent) 5 5 10
    Wider reading (directed) 10 10
    Exam revision/preparation 10 10 30
    Advance preparation for classes 5 5
    Preparation for tutorials 20
    Preparation of practical report 10 10
    Completion of formative assessment tasks 5 5
    Revision and preparation 5 5
    Group study tasks 10 10
    Reflection 2 2 6
       
Total hours by term 120 124 56
       
Total hours for module 300

Summative Assessment Methods:
Method Percentage
Written exam 70
Report 30

Summative assessment- Examinations:

Three-hour written examination


Summative assessment- Coursework and in-class tests:

Team and individual work associated with the practical classes will be summatively assessed (30% of module mark). The critical opinion article forms part of the PAD portfolio which is assessed in year 3.


Formative assessment methods:

Formative assessment and associated feedback form a large proportion of the module, tutorials and problem classes will offer in class verbal feedback. The module also contains open and closed book tests with verbal feedback to the group to help them prepare for the final examination.

Critical opinion article (wk 22)


Penalties for late submission:
The Module Convener will apply the following penalties for work submitted late:

  • where the piece of work is submitted after the original deadline (or any formally agreed extension to the deadline): 10% of the total marks available for that piece of work will be deducted from the mark for each working day[1] (or part thereof) following the deadline up to a total of five working days;
  • where the piece of work is submitted more than five working days after the original deadline (or any formally agreed extension to the deadline): a mark of zero will be recorded.

  • The University policy statement on penalties for late submission can be found at: http://www.reading.ac.uk/web/FILES/qualitysupport/penaltiesforlatesubmission.pdf
    You are strongly advised to ensure that coursework is submitted by the relevant deadline. You should note that it is advisable to submit work in an unfinished state rather than to fail to submit any work.

    Assessment requirements for a pass:

    Students must obtain an overall module mark of 40% and obtain at least 40% in the written examination.


    Reassessment arrangements:

    Re-examination of the final exam will be in August and will be by written examination. Failed coursework may be re-assessed using a suitable alternative before or during the August re-examination period. 


    Additional Costs (specified where applicable):

    Required text books: The University library has a large number of text books and specialised reading materials. There are also an excellent number of e-books available to the students. There might be core text books, which the students wish to purchase at varying costs.

    Specialist clothing, footwear or headgear: The lab coats and safety glasses for practical classes are provided free of charge.


    Last updated: 8 April 2019

    THE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THIS MODULE DESCRIPTION DOES NOT FORM ANY PART OF A STUDENT'S CONTRACT.

    Things to do now