|| Flushing toilet
(From The Ironmonger, 1892)
Until piped water supplied homes there were no sinks or toilets or drains.
Dirty water or slops were either thrown out of the window or carried outside.
A piped water supply and the consequent system of drains helped to remove
waste more cleanly and efficiently than ever before. In 1846 the government
passed the first of several Public Baths and Wash Houses Acts to provide
facilities for the public who could not afford to have them at home. Public
toilets were installed with great success in the Crystal Palace for the
Great Exhibition in 1851. Eight hundred and twenty seven thousand two hundred
and eighty people paid for their use. It was after this date that the automatic
cistern was introduced. One hundred years later the census revealed that
only just over half of all households in Britain had a kitchen sink, toilet
and fixed bath, that is, piped water.