OA & European Commission funded research
The Commission has made Open Access to scientific publications (peer reviewed articles in all disciplines) a general principle of Horizon 2020, the EU's Research & Innovation funding programme for 2014-2020. The goal is for 60% of European publicly-funded research articles to be available under Open Access by 2016.
Open Access mandate
As of 2014, each beneficiary must ensure Open Access to all peer reviewed scientific publications relating to its results. This can be achieved by either Green or Gold Open Access. Full details are provided by the Commission in:
- Guidelines on Open Access to scientific publications and research data in Horizon 2020 (PDF)
- Fact sheet: Open Access in Horizon 2020 (PDF)
Guidance on how to comply
- Ensure that the published version or your final peer-reviewed manuscript is available via CentAUR. Create a metadata record in CentAUR and include full details including grant number and name.
- Make the final version of the article Open Access, either by:
a. Green Open Access - archive a final version in CentAUR as soon as accepted for publication or at latest when published. The maximum embargo periods permitted are 6 months for STEM disciplines, and 12 months for Humanities and Social Sciences.
b. Gold Open Access - publish it as Open Access on the publisher's website, and archive a copy in CentAUR. It should be available immediately, without embargo. Authors are encouraged to retain copyright and grant an adequate licence to publishers e.g. CC-BY. The minimum requirement is that the licence must allow people to read, download and print an article.
Funding for Open Access publication charges
The cost of APCs may be reimbursed by the European Commission only during the duration of the grant. However, a mechanism will be piloted for dealing with Open Access publication charges incurred after the end of the grant; details will become available 2014-2015.
Beneficiaries must aim to deposit, at the same time, the research data needed to validate the results presented in the publication, ideally into a data repository.