Domain 4- Performance Based Built Environment
Urban Regeneration





Methods and Actions to Achieve Urban Regeneration

  1. Economic Development

  2. Physical Improvement

  3. Environmental Actions

  4. Neighbourhood Strategy

  5. Training and Education


Deal with the social and economic issues of transportation projects

Provide funding for transport measures that support area regeneration objectives

Give priority to the public transport needs of regeneration areas within local transport plans and public funding decisions

Finance and fund brownfield development

Charge taxes to all forms of private non-residential car parking provision (see Sustainable Economy)

Restructure economy towards sectors that consumes fewer environmental resources in use, manufacturing or disposal (see Sustainable Economy)

Charge an environmental impact fees on new development to reflect its full environmental costs (see Sustainable Economy)

Charge tax on vacant land, which does not penalise genuine developers, but which deters owners holding onto land unnecessarily (see Sustainable Economy)

Rate houses for environmental rating and running cost rating, so that house-buyers know what they are getting for their money (see Sustainable Economy)

Tackle Low Demand Housing Areas

Enforce the sale of abandoned and dilapidated sites or buildings

Allow public bodies flexibility to pay disturbance payments over and above market value in reaching negotiated settlements for the acquisition of land

Allocate an above-inflation funds for managing and maintaining the urban environment

Establish jointly funded management arrangements between local authorities and  local businesses for improving town centres and other commercial districts (see Facilitate Economic Success )

Use fines from criminal damage and community reparation to repair and maintain the local environment, according to local people’s stated priorities

Take into account economic needs when designating employment sites in local development plans (see Facilitate Economic Success )

Create revolving funds for land assembly, so that public investment in the initial costs of site purchase can be off-set by a share of subsequent gains achieved through regeneration and disposal

Introduce regional regeneration investment companies and funds, to increase the amount of private finance flowing into the regeneration projects (see Facilitate Economic Success )

Pilot estate renewal projects and other area regeneration projects through the private finance initiative (see Facilitate Economic Success )

Introduce a package of tax measures, providing incentives for developers, investors, small landlords, owner-occupiers and tenants to contribute to the regeneration of urban sites and buildings that would not otherwise be developed (see Sustainable Economy)

Restrict public subsidy for social housing developments of more than 25 homes to schemes where homes for rent are integrated with shared and full-ownership housing

Increase the cost effectiveness of public support for housing renewal by private owners by using a mix of grants, loans, equity stakes and tax relief to encourage home improvements

Attract institutional investment into the residential private rented market

Attract private investments

Improve Public Investments

Partnership approach instead of corporatism (see Facilitate Economic Success )

Unlock latent demand and expenditures from current users and visitors

Attract new visitors

Fulfil the Social and Economic Needs of Local People

Work with the market

Facilitate Economic Success at National, Regional and Local Levels

Develop Regeneration Projects

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Manage and maintain the whole urban environment

Maintain land and premises to an acceptable standard (including public utilities and agencies properties, see Manage and maintain the whole urban environment)

Design for inclusive and safe public spaces in all forms from grand to intimate

Public facility planning

Improve the quality of urban design

Produce an integrated spatial masterplan for area regeneration schemes

Adopt an integrated approach to design-led regeneration of different types of urban neighbourhood

Design regeneration projects within a national urban design framework that is based on key design principles, land use planning, public funding guidance, and best practice guidelines

Designate home zones by designing streets, reducing speed limits and use traffic-calming measures

Explicitly plan transport  to reduce car journeys, and continuously increasing the proportion of trips made on foot, bicycle and public transport

Tackle Empty Properties and Brownfield Areas

Recycle Buildings

Provide housing on brownfield land and in recycled buildings (see Tackle Empty Properties and Brownfield Areas and Recycle Buildings)

Release redundant land and buildings owned by public bodies and utilities for regeneration (see Tackle Empty Properties and Brownfield Areas and Recycle Buildings)

Develop new housing on recycled land in urban areas where housing demand is low (see Tackle Empty Properties and Brownfield Areas and Recycle Buildings)

Take action against authorities that consistently fail to deliver planning permissions within a reasonable time period

Prevent low-grade temporary uses, such as car parking, of derelict and vacant lands

Reduce levels of vacant stock and take action against owners who refuse to sell their properties or restore them to beneficial use (see Tackle Empty Properties and Brownfield Areas and Recycle Buildings)

Restore and use historic buildings left empty by their owners (see Tackle Empty Properties and Brownfield Areas and Recycle Buildings)

Facilitate the conversion of more empty space over shops into flats by providing additional public assistance, including public equity stakes and business rate reductions (see Tackle Empty Properties and Brownfield Areas and Recycle Buildings)

Optimise the Use of Urban Space

Encourage high-density urban developments

Prevent excessively low-density urban development

Link density standards to design quality

Building on opportunities when stock has strong qualities (water, building of historic quality etc.)

Urban food system planning

Digital and tele-communications use to improve urban life

Urban information systems maintenance

Control urban sprawl

Urban planning

Urban water resource management

Emergency management

Accelerate the Change

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Remove allocations of greenfield land for housing from development plans where the allocations are not consistent with sustainability objectives (see Manage the Land Supply)

Retain the general presumption against development on greenfields and designated green belts (see Manage the Land Supply)

Designate urban green space in development plans (see Manage the Land Supply)

Clean up land and bring all contaminated land back into beneficial use (see Clean up brownfield sites)

Prevent site owners from contaminating land

Provide site owners with one set of standards, covering contaminated land, water and waste to work to when resolving problems of site contamination

Do not take further action over contaminated sites once remediation schemes have been carried out to an agreed standard

Identify, manage and communicate the risks that arise throughout the assessment, treatment and after-care of contaminated and previously contaminated sites

Provide certainty and consistency in the management and sale of contaminated and previously contaminated land

Manage the Land Supply

Reuse brownfield land (see Manage the Land Supply)

Clean up brownfield sites

Use waterways for public transport

Control the environmental impact of transport

Control the effect of transport on air quality

Plan for sustainable transport system

Create comprehensive green pedestrian routes around and/or across each of major towns and cities

Give priority to the needs of pedestrians and cyclists in urban development and highway projects

Develop projects that prioritise walking, cycling and public transport

Specify maximum walking distances to bus stops and other public transports

Provide cycle storage facilities at stations and interchanges

Set a maximum standard of one car parking space per dwelling for all new urban residential development

Provide bus services to all towns

Impose tougher restrictions on the use of private cars, such as car parking charges and road pricing

Encourage patterns of developments, which reduce the need to travel by car

Development in highly accessible central urban areas

Use public, less polluting and more energy efficient modes of travel

Campaign for and promote public transports

Reduce the need to travel through use of IT and integrated land-use and transport planning

Exploit the advances in IT to restructure cities along sustainable lines

Encourage innovation in goods and services, which use fewer environmental resources in use, manufacturing or disposal

Waste management

Reduce the amount of untreated waste disposed to landfill and ensure that landfill practices conform to acceptable standards (see Waste management)

Minimise waste by reusing, recycling, re-selling, recovering usable materials or generating energy from waste (see Waste management)

Develop options for process improvements and minimisation initiatives, recycling and assessing the efficiency of all aspects of waste management services (see Waste management)

Reduce solvent evaporation and emissions (see Waste management)

Eliminate solvents use and the release of hazardous sludge (see Waste management)

Increase the use of renewable energy

Reduce energy use and produce a renewable source of energy

Urban water resource management

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)

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Neighbourhood Strategy is about the coordination of efforts and city-wide approach for regeneration net overall economic gain avoid clustering activities in certain areas and decline in others

Regeneration Partnership Capacity building Community groups need to improve their capacity to engage in local economic development and social initiatives They need to improve their Skills, Knowledge, Resources and Power & Influence Thus:


A community powerful enough to take actions


Structured community with an established network to assess the actions


Skilful community able to do things properly

Capacity building

Build upon and develop the potential of skills in the area (see Capacity building)

Build upon strengths of the members of the community (see Capacity building)

Engage the community in the brownfield projects

Develop flagship projects to encourage regeneration

Improve housing conditions in poor area to mobilise the community

Fulfil the social and economic needs of local people

Allow people to gain democratic control of their cities (see Multi-sector and multi-agency approach and Involve All)

Multi-sector and multi-agency approach

Involve All

Give local people a stake in the decision-making process of neighbourhood management, relaxing regulations and guidelines to make it easier to establish devolved arrangements (see Multi-sector and multi-agency approach and Involve All)

Enable the full involvement of local communities in the urban planning process (see Involve All)

Reflect the priorities of local people when carrying local environmental improvements and developing community facilities (see Fulfil the social and economic needs of local people)

Create special packages of powers and incentives for authorities and people to assist neighbourhood renewal

Establish single points of responsibility for carrying environmental services devolved to designated estates, neighbourhoods or town centres. Appoint caretakers or wardens for social housing estates

Allow community groups and voluntary organisations to access the resources needed to tackle derelict buildings and other eyesores that are spoiling their neighbourhood

Penalise individuals or organisations that breach regulations related to planning conditions, noise pollution, littering, fly-tipping and other forms of anti-social behaviour

Provide an efficient, reliable and safe transport system

Ensure every low-income housing estate is properly connected to the town and district centre by frequent, accessible and affordable public transport (see Provide an efficient, reliable and safe transport system)

Prevent gentrification

Narrowing the gab between deprived and wealthy neighbourhoods

Develop mixed tenure neighbourhoods and make sure developers have less scope to buy their way out of their obligations to do so (see Prevent gentrification)

Control the development of ‘social’ housing where there is already over-provision in that neighbourhood

Enable more mixed income housing projects to proceed, including use of more challenging planning briefs and discounted equity stakes for low to middle income households in areas where property values are high (see Prevent gentrification)

Allocate social housing not only to accommodate the poor. In unpopular areas, available housing should be marketed to other groups, including low to middle income working households and students

Plan, monitor and manage housing demand, to ensure the early correction of an emerging under-supply or over-supply of housing.

Deal with the social and economic issues of transportation projects

Improve the use of waterways to revitalise towns and cities

Security and crime prevention in cities

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Improve education

Provide school buildings, to accommodate future increases in pupil numbers in high quality facilities in regenerating urban areas

Train for skills in demand

Carry on existing skills provision and identifying skills gaps (see Train for skills in demand)

Create skills improvement strategy (see Train for skills in demand)

Improve the skills-base in urban development by joint working between professional institutions, education providers and employers (see Train for skills in demand)

Train professional staff and trainees by exposure to best practice

Promote culture of enterprise and innovation

Develop a network of regional resource centres for urban development, promoting regional innovation and good practice, co-ordinating urban development training, and encouraging community involvement in the regeneration process

Establish local architecture centres in major cities, fulfilling a mix of common objectives and local specialisms.

Hold a design competition for all significant area regeneration projects and notable public buildings

Provide Employment Opportunities for All

Tackle urban joblessness

Create jobs that engaged in producing goods

Create jobs in sectors with long-term growth trends

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Economic Development

Physical Improvement

Environmental Actions

Neighbourhood Strategy

Training and Education


Recommendations ]