Staff Profile:Colin S. Gray - Publications

Colin S. Gray
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  • Canadian Defence Policy:A Question of Priorities (Toronto: Clarke, Irwin, 1972).
  • The Soviet-American Arms Race (Lexington, MA: Lexington Books, 1976).
  • The MX ICBM and National Security (New York: Praeger, 1981).
  • Strategic Studies:A Critical Assessment (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1982).
  • Strategic Studies and Public Policy:The American Experience (Lexington, KY: The University Press of Kentucky, 1982).
  • American Military Space Policy:Information Systems, Weapon Systems, and Arms Control (Cambridge, MA:Abt, 1983).
  • Nuclear Strategy and National Style (Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1986)
  • The Geopolitics of Super Power (Lexington, KY:University Press of Kentucky, 1988).
  • War, Peace, and Victory:Strategy and Statecraft for the Next Century (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1990).
  • House of Cards:Why Arms Control Must Fail (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1992).
  • The Leverage of Sea Power:The Strategic Advantage of Navies in War (New York: The Free Press, 1992).
  • Weapons Don't Make War:Policy, Strategy, and Technology (Lawrence, KS:University Press of Kansas, 1993).
  • The Navy in the Post-Cold War World:The Uses and Value of Strategic Sea Power (University Park, PA: Penn State University Press, 1994).
  • Explorations in Strategy (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1996; 1998 sec. ed. pb [Praeger]).
  • The Second Nuclear Age (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1999).
  • Modern Strategy (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999).
  • Strategy for Chaos: Revolutions in Military Affairs and Other Evidence of History (London:: Frank Cass, 2002).
  • The Sheriff: America's Defense of the New World Order (Lexington, KY: The University Press of Kentucky, 2004).
  • Another Bloody Century: Future Warfare (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 2005)
  • Strategy and History:Essays on Theory and Practice (Abingdon, UK:Routledge, 2006).

Edited books

  • ed.(with Keith B. Payne) The Nuclear Freeze Controversy (Lanham, MD:University Press of America, 1984).
  • ed.(with Keith B. Payne) Missiles for the Nineties:ICBMs and Strategic Policy (Boulder, CO:Westview Press, 1984).
  • ed.(with Roger W. Barnett) Seapower and Strategy (Annapolis, MD:Naval Institute Press, 1989).
  • ed. of Charles E. Callwell, Military Operations and Maritime Preponderance: Their Relations and Interdependence, With an Introduction and Notes by Colin S. Gray, Classics of Sea Power Series (Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1996, reprint, London: William Blackwood and Sons, 1905).
  • ed. (with Geoffrey Sloan) Geopolitics, Geography, and Strategy (London: Frank Cass,1999).
  • ed. (with John Baylis, James Wirtz, and Eliot Cohen) Strategy In the Contemporary World: An Introduction to Strategic Studies (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002).


  • "Security Through SALT?"Behind the Headlines, Vol. XXX, Nos. 3-4 (April 1971).
  • "Canada and NORAD:A Study in Strategy",Behind the Headlines, Vol. XXXI, No.3-4 (June 1972).
  • Canadian Maritime Forces, Wellesley Paper No. 1 (Toronto:Canadian Institute of International Affairs, January 1973).
  • (ed.) Canadian Military Professionalism:The Search for Identity, Wellesley Paper No. 2 (Toronto:Canadian Institute of international Affairs, February 1973).
  • (ed.) Strategy Survey, 1974 (London International Institute for Strategic Studies, 1975).
  • The Future of Land-Based Missile Forces, Adelphi Paper No. 140 (London:International Institute for Strategic Studies, Winter 1977).
  • The Geopolitics of the Nuclear Era:Heartland, Rimlands, and the Technological Revolution, (New York:Crane, Russak, September 1977).
  • Strategy and the MX, Critical Issues Series (Washington, D.C.:Heritage Foundation,1980).
  • Nuclear Strategy and Strategic Planning (Philadelphia:Foreign Policy Research Institute, 1984).
  • Missiles Against War:The ICBM Debate Today (Fairfax, Va.:National Institute for Public Policy, 1984).
  • Maritime Strategy, Geopolitics, and the Defense of the West, (New York: Ramapo Press, 1986).
  • Villains, Victims and Sheriffs:Strategic Studies for an Inter-War Period, An Inaugural Lecture (Hull:University of Hull Press, 1994).
  • Canadians in a Dangerous World (Toronto:The Atlantic Council of Canada, 1994).
  • NATO and the Evolving Structure of Order in Europe: Changing Terms of the TransAtlantic Bargain?, Hull Strategy Paper No. 1 (Hull, UK: Centre for Security Studies, University of Hull, January 1997).
  • The American Revolution in Military Affairs: An Interim Assessment, Occasional Paper No. 28 (Camberley, UK: Strategic and Combat Studies Institute, Joint Services Command and Staff College, 1997).
  • Weapons for Strategic Effect: How Important Is Technology? Occasional Paper No. 21 (Maxwell AFB, AL: Center for Strategy and Technology, Air War College, January 2001)
  • European Perspectives on U.S. Ballistic Missile Defense (Fairfax, VA: National Institute for Public policy, March 2002).
  • Defining and Achieving Decisive Victory (Carlisle, PA: Strategic Studies Institute, USArmy War College, April (2002).
  • Maintaining Effective Deterrence (Carlisle, PA: Strategic Studies Institute, US Army War College, August 2003).
  • "Clausewitz, History, and the Future Strategic World", and "In Defence of the Heartland: Sir Halford Mackinder and His Critics a Hundred Years On". In Contemporary Essays, Occasional Paper No. 47 (Shrivenham, UK: Strategic and Combat Studies Institute, 2004), pp. 1-24, 25-44.
  • Transformation and Strategic Surprise (Carlisle, PA: Strategic Studies Institute, US Army War College, April 2005).
  • Recognizing and Understanding Revolutionary Change in Warfare:The Sovereignty of Context (Carlisle, PA:Strategic Studies Institute, US Army War College, February 2006).
  • Irregular Enemies and the Essence of Strategy:Can the American Way of War Adapt? (Carlisle, PA:Strategic Studies Institute, US Army War College, March 2006).

Chapters in books

  • "Strategic Ideas and Defense Policy:The Organizational Nexus",in Roger Beaumont and Martin Edmonds, ed., War in the Next Decade (London:Macmillan, 1975), pp. 89-109.
  • "Soviet-American Strategic Competition:Instruments, Doctrines, and Purposes",in Long-Range U.S.-U.S.S.R Competition:National Security Implications, Proceedings of National Security Affairs Conference, July 12-14, 1976 (Washington, D.C.:National Defense University, October 1976).
  • "The 'Racing' Syndrome and the Strategic Balance",in Lawrence L. Whetten, ed., The Future of Soviet Military Power (New York:Crane, Russak, 1976), pp. 29-39.
  • "Arms Race and Their Influence Upon International Stability",in Gabriel Sheffer, ed., Dynamics of a Conflict:A Re-examination of the Arab-Israeli Conflict (Atlantic Highlands, N.J.:Humanities Press, 1976), pp. 39-93.
  • "Soviet Strategic Systems:Implications for the U.S Deterrent Posture",in The Emerging Strategic Environment:Implications for Ballistic Missile Defense, Special Report (Cambridge, Mass.:Institute for Foreign Policy Analysis, December 1979), pp.45-75.
  • "The Strategic Forces Triad:End of the Road?"in Wolfram F. Hanrieder, ed., Arms Control and Security:Current Issues (Boulder, Colo.:Westview Press, 1979), pp. 191-209.
  • "The Military Requirements of U.S. Strategy",in George Holt, Jr., and Walter R. Milliken, eds., Strategy:A Reader (Washington, D.C.:National Defense University, 1980), pp. 110-122.
  • "Arms Control and European Security:Some Basic Issues",in Lawrence S. Hagen, ed., The Crisis in Western Security (London:Croom, Helm, 1982), pp. 94-120.
  • "A New Debate on Ballistic Missile Defense",in Robert J. Art and Kenneth N. Waltz, eds., The Use of Force, 2nd ed. (Lanham, Md.:University Press of America, 1983), pp. 538-553.
  • "Mobilization for High-Level Conflict:Possible Policy Issues",in Robert L. Pfaltzgraff and Uri Ra'anan, eds., The U.S. Defense Mobilization Infrastructure:Problems and Priorities (Hamden, Conn.:Archon, 1983), pp. 33-49.
  • "The Strategic Nuclear Policy of the Reagan Administration:Trends, Problems and the Potential Relevance of Space-Based Laser Weapons",in Keith B. Payne, ed., Laser Weapons in Space:Policy and Doctrine (Boulder, Colo.:Westview Press, 1983), pp. 189-218.
  • "Space Policy Review",in U.S. Space Foundation, Space, The Next Ten Years, Symposium Report (Colorado Springs, Colo.:USSF, 1984), pp. 95-101.
  • "Warfighting for Deterrence",in Stephen J. Cimbala, ed., National Security Strategy:Choices and Limits (New York:Praeger, 1984), pp. 193-216.
  • "Arms Control:Problems",in R. James Woolsey, ed., Nuclear Arms:Ethics, Strategy, Politics (San Francisco:Institute for Contemporary Studies, 1984), pp. 153-169.
  • "The Strategic Implications of the Nuclear Balance and Arms Control",in Richard F. Staar, ed., Arms Control:Myth Versus Reality (Stanford, Cal.:Hoover Institution, 1984), pp. 24-29.
  • "U.S. Military Space Policy",in Adam M. Garfinkle, ed., Global Perspectives on Arms Control, (New York:Praeger, 1984), pp. 133-144.
  • "Targeting Problems for Central War",in Desmond Ball and Jeffrey Richelson, eds., Strategic Nuclear Targeting (Ithaca, N.Y.:Cornell University Press, 1985), pp. 171-193.
  • "Global Protracted War:Conduct and Termination",in Stephen Cimbala, ed., Strategic War Termination (New York:Praeger, 1986), pp. 75-96.
  • "Strategic Forces",in Joseph Kruzel, ed., American Defense Annual, 1986-1987 (Lexington, Mass.:Lexington Books, 1986), pp. 67-86.
  • "SDI's Effects on East--West Relations",in Dorinda A. Dallmeyer, ed., The Strategic Defense Initiative:New Perspectives on Deterrence (Boulder, Colo.:Westview Press, 1986), pp. 81-90.
  • "Space and Arms Control:A Skeptical View", in America Plans for Space (Washington, D.C.:National Defense University Press, 1986), pp. 133-156.
  • "The Reagan Administration and Arms Control",in Desmond Ball and Andrew Mack, eds., The Future of Arms Control (Canberra:Australian National University Press, 1987), pp. 45-66.
  • "Nuclear Deterrence and Technological Change:Retrospect and Prospect",in Roman Kolkowicz, ed., The Logic of Nuclear Terror (Boston: Allen and Unwin, 1987), pp. 155-185.
  • "Deterrence and Strategic Defense:A Positive View",in Yevgeny Primakov, ed., Disarmament and Security, 1987 Yearbook, (Moscow:Novosti Agency Publishing House [for U.S.S.R. Academy of Sciences, Institute of World Economy and International Relations], 1988), pp. 569-578.
  • "Strategic De-Escalation",in Stephen J. Cimbala and Joseph D. Douglass, Jr., eds., Ending a Nuclear War:Are The Superpowers Prepared?(Washington, D.C.:Pergamon-Brassey's, 1988), pp. 60-78.
  • "War Fighting for Deterrence",in Robert J. Art and Kenneth N. Waltz, eds., The Use of Force:International Politics and Foreign Policy (Lanham, Md.:University Press of America, 1988, 3rd ed.)
  • "American Strategic Culture:Implications for Defense Technology",in Asa A. Clark IV, and John F. Lilley, eds., Military Technology (New York: Praeger, 1989). pp. 31-48.
  • "Reflections on Empire:The Soviet Connection",and "SDI Policy Issues",in Herbert M. Levine, ed., World Politics Debated:A Reader in Contemporary Issues (New York:McGraw Hill Book Co., 1989; 3rd ed.) pp. 136-145.
  • "Strategic Priorities and U.S. Options:Escalation and Extended War",in Stephen J. Cimbala, ed., The Soviet Challenge in the 1990's (New York:Praeger Publishers, 1989), pp. 123-139.
  • "Geography and Grand Strategy",in John B. Hattendorf and Malcolm H. Murfett, eds., The Limitations of Military Power:Essays presented to Professor Norman Gibbs on his eightieth birthday (London:Macmillan, 1990), pp. 111-137.
  • "Do the Changes within the Soviet Union Provide a Basis for Eased Soviet-American Relations:A Skeptical View",in Robert Jervis and Seweryn Bialer, eds., Soviet-American Relations After the Cold War (Durham, N.C.:Duke University Press, 1991), pp. 61-75.
  • "The Soviet Threat in the 1990's",in Frederic J. Fleron, Jr., Erik P. Hoffmann, and Robbin F. Laird, eds., Soviet Foreign Policy:Classic and Contemporary Issues (New York:Aldine de Gruyter, 1991), pp. 777-793.
  • "Soviet nuclear strategy and new military thinking",in Derek Leebaert and Timothy Dickinson, eds., Soviet strategy and new military thinking (Cambridge:Cambridge University Press, 1992), pp. 29-56.
  • "New Directions for Strategic Studies:How Can Theory Help Practice?" in Desmond Ball and David Horner, eds., Strategic Studies in a Changing World:Global, Regional and Australian Perspectives (Canberra:Strategic Defence Studies Center, Research School of Pacific Studies, The Australian National University, 1992), pp. 126-153.
  • "Maritime Strategy",in Trevor N. Dupuy, ed., International Military and Defense Encyclopedia, Vol. 4 (Washington, D.C.:Brassey's (US), 1993), pp. 1657-1662.
  • "Nuclear Strategy, Force Procurement, and Deployment as Arms Control",in Bennett Ramberg, ed., Arms Control Without Negotiation (Boulder, CO:Lynne Rienner, 1993), pp. 97-111.
  • "Deterrence—Still a Reliable Strategy?" in Werner Kaltefleiter and Ulrike Schumacher, eds., Conflicts, Options, Strategies in a Threatened World:Papers Presented at the International Summer Course 1993 on National Security (Kiel, Germany:Institute of Political Science, Christian-Albrechts-University, 1994), pp. 99-118.
  • "The Strategy of Blockade",in Lawrence Freedman, ed., War (Oxford:Oxford University Press, 1994), pp. 285-288.
  • "Strategy in the Nuclear Age:The United States, 1945-1991",in Williamson Murray, MacGregor Knox, and Alvin Bernstein, eds., The Making of Strategy: Rulers, States, and War (Cambridge:Cambridge University Press, 1994), pp. 579-613.
  • "History for Strategists:British Seapower as a Relevant Past",in Geoffrey Till, ed., Seapower:Theory and Practice (London:Frank Cass, 1994), pp. 7-32.
  • "The Second Nuclear Age: Insecurity, Proliferation, and the Control of Arms",in Williamson Murray, ed., The Brassey's Mershon American Defence Annual, 1995-1996: The United States and the Emerging Strategic Environment (Washington, D.C.: Brassey's (U.S.) 1995), pp. 135-154.
  • (With John J. Kohout III) "Modern Long-Range, Land-Based Bombers in the New Security Environment",and (With John J. Kohout III) "Defense Planning and the Modern Long-Range Bomber",in Keith B. Payne and John J. Kohout III, eds., The B-2 Bomber: Air Power in the 21st Century (Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1995), pp. 1-14, and 39-55.
  • "Sea Power For Containment: The U.S. Navy In The Cold War",in Keith Neilson and Elizabeth Jane Errington, eds., Navies and Global Defense: Theories And Strategy (Westport, CT: Praeger, 1995), pp. 181-207.
  • "Puissance maritime, puissance continentale et la recherche de l'avantage stratégique",in Hervé Coutau-Bégarie, ed., La lutte pour l'empire de la mer: Histoire et géostratégie maritimes (Paris: Economica, 1995), pp. 69-97.
  • "Geopolitical Influences on International Relations",in Werner Kaltefleiter and Ulrike Schumacher, eds., Five Years After the Fall of the Berlin Wall: Papers Presented at the International Summer Course, 1995 on National Security (Frankfurt: Peter Lang, 1996), pp. 49-68.
  • "Weapons Proliferation: Insecurity and the Control of Arms in the Second Nuclear Age",in Werner Kaltefleiter and Ulrike Schumacher, eds., Five Years After the Fall of the Berlin Wall: Papers Presented at the International Summer Course, 1995 on National Security (Frankfurt: Peter Lang, 1996), pp. 69-98.
  • "Introduction",in John Alexander, From the Sea: The U.S. Navy and Marine Corps into the 21st Century (London: Osprey, 1997), pp. 20-23.
  • "Deterrence and Regional Conflicts: Hopes, Fallacies and 'Fixes'",in Werner Kaltefleiter and Ulrike Schumacher, eds., The Rise of a Multipolar World: Papers Presented at the International Summer Course, 1997 on National Security, Vol. 2 (Frankfurt: Peter Lang, 1998), pp. 115-140.
  • "Nuclear Weapons and the Revolution in Military Affairs",in T. V. Paul, Richard Harknett, and James J. Wirtz, eds., The Absolute Weapon Revisited: Nuclear Arms and the Emerging International Order (Ann Arbor, MI: The University of Michigan Press, 1998), pp. 99-134.
  • "The Leverage of Seapower",in Eric Grove and Capt. Peter Hore, RN, eds., Dimensions of Sea Power: Strategic Choice in the Modern World (Hull: The University of Hull Press, 1998), pp. 32-45.
  • "The Geopolitics of European Defence",in Michael Duffy, Theo Farrell and Geoffrey Sloan, eds., European Defence in 2020, Proceedings of the Conference held at the University of Exeter, September 17-18, 1997 (Exeter: Britannia Royal Naval College and Exeter University, The Strategic Policy Studies Group, 1998), pp. 7-24.
  • "The Revolution in Military Affairs",in Brian Bond and Mungo Melvin, eds., The Nature of Future Conflict: Implications for Force Development, Occasional Paper No. 36 (Camberley, UK: Strategic and Combat Studies Institute, Joint Services Command and Staff College, September 1998), pp. 58-65.
  • "L'influenza del potere spaziale nella storia",in Carlo Maria Santoro, ed., Italo Balbo: Aviazione e Potere Aeroe, Atti del Convegno Internazionale nel centenario della nascita, Roma, 7-8 November 1996 (Rome: Aeronautica militare, 1998), pp. 251-274.
  • "Introduction" to Jim Oberg, Space Power Theory (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1999), pp. xiii-xv.
  • "Regional Deterrence",in Ulrike Schumacher, ed., Structure, Order, and Disorder in World Politics: Papers Presented at the Summer Course 1998 on International Security (Frankfurt: Peter Lang, 1999), pp. 43-65.
  • "The Role of Military Power in the 21st Century", in Frances Omori and Mary A. Sommerville, eds., Strength Through Cooperation: Military Forces in the Asia-Pacific Region (Washington, DC: National Defense University Press, 1999), pp.29-55.
  • "Amphibious Operations", in Martin Edmonds and Humphry Crum Ewing, eds., Maritime Forces in Peace and War:Joint and Combined Operations,Bailrigg Paper 30 (Lancaster:Lancaster University, Centre for Defence and International Security Studies, 1999), pp.74-77.
  • (with John B Sheldon) "Spacepower and the Revolution In Military Affairs: A Glass Half-Full", In Peter L. Hays et al., eds., Spacepower for a New Millennium: Space and U.S. National Security (New York: McGraw-Hill, 2000), pp 239-257.
  • "Clausewitz Rules, OK? The Future is the Past – with GPS", in Michael Cox, Ken Booth and Tim Dunne, eds., The Interregnum: Controversies in World Politics, 1989-1999 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999), pp.161-182.
  • "To Confuse Ourselves:Nuclear Fallacies", in John Baylis and Robert O'Neill, eds., Alternative Nuclear Futures:The Role of Nuclear Weapons in the Post-Cold War World (Oxford:Oxford University Press, 2000), pp.4-30.
  • "Deterrence and the Nature of Strategy", in Max G. Manwaring, ed., Deterrence in the 21st Century (London: Frank Cass, 2001), pp.17-26.
  • "No Good Deed Shall Go Unpunished", in Ken Booth, ed., The Kosovo Tragedy: The Human Rights Dimension (London: Frank Cass, 2001), pp. 302-306.
  • "Amphibious Operations", in Richard Holmes, ed., The Oxford Companion to Military History (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001), pp. 49-52.
  • "Inescapable Geography", in Robert Pfaltzgraff, Jr., and William R. .Van Cleave, eds., Strategy and International Politics: Essays In Memory of Werner Kaltefleiter (Frankfurt: Peter Lang, 2001), pp. 55-70.
  • "Sea Power in Modern Strategy", in David Stevens and John Reeve, eds., Southern Trident: Strategy History and the Rise of Australian Naval Power (Crows Nest, NSW, Australia: Allen and Unwin, 2001), pp. 24-39.
  • (with Malcolm R. Davis) "Weapons of Mass Destruction", in John Baylis, James Wirtz, Eliot Cohen, and Colin S. Gray, eds., Strategy In the Contemporary World: An Introduction to Strategic Studies (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002), pp. 254-285.
  • "The RMA and Intervention: A Sceptical View", in Colin McInnes and Nicholas J. Wheeler, eds., Dimensions of Western Military Intervention (London: Frank Cass, 2002), pp. 52-65.
  • "World Politics as Usual after September 11: Realism vindicated", in Ken Booth and Tim Dunne, eds., Worlds in Collision: Terror and the Future of Global Order (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002), pp. 226-234.
  • "In defence of the Heartland: Sir Halford Mackinder and his critics a hundred years on", in Brian Blouet, ed., Global Geostrategy: Mackinder and the defence of the West (London: Frank Cass, 2005), pp. 17-35.
  • "The American Way of War:Critique and Implications", in Anthony D. Mc Ivor, ed., Rethinking the Principles of War (Annapolis, MD:Naval Institute Press, 2005), pp. 13-40.
  • "Clausewitz, history, and the future strategic world", in Williamson Murray and Richard Hart Sinnreich, eds., The Past as Prologue:The Importance of History to the Military Profession (Cambridge:Cambridge University Press, 2006).

Journal articles


  • "The Arms Race Phenomenon",World Politics, Vol. XXIV, No. 1 (October 1971), pp. 39-79.
  • "Action and Reaction in the Nuclear Arms Race",Military Review, Vol. LI, No. 8 (August 1971), pp. 16-26.
  • "The Need for Independent Canadian Strategic Thought",Canadian Defense Quarterly, Vol. 1, No. 1 (Summer 1971), pp. 6-12.
  • "The Rise and Fall of Academic Strategy",RUSI Journal, Vol. CXVI, No. 662 (June 1971), pp. 56-57.
  • "What RAND Hath Wrought",Foreign Policy, No. 4 (Fall 1971), pp. 111-129.
  • "The ABM and the Arms Race",Aerospace Historian, Vol. 18, No. 1 (Spring 1971), pp. 16-32.
  • "Strategists:Some Views Critical of the Profession",International Journal, Vol. XXVI, No. 4 (Autumn 1971), pp. 771-790.
  • "Strategic 'Superiority' in Super Power Relations",Military Review, Vol. LI, No. 12 (December 1971), pp. 8-21.


  • "Traffic Control For the Arms Trade?", Foreign Policy, No. 6 (Spring 1972), pp. 153-169.
  • "Air Defense:A Skeptical View", Queen's Quarterly, Vol. LXXIX, No. 1 (Spring 1972), pp. 3-13.
  • "Defense in the Seventies:A White Paper for All Seasons", Canadian Defense Quarterly, Vol. 1, No. 4 (Spring 1972), pp. 30-34.
  • "'Gap' Prediction and America's Defense:Arms Race Behavior in the Eisenhower years", Orbis, Vol. XVI, No. 1 (Spring 1972), pp. 257-274.
  • "The True North Strong and Free:Canadian Defense Policy in the 1970s",The Round Table, No. 247, (July 1972), pp. 309-326.
  • "The Arms Race Is About Politics", Foreign Policy, No. 9 (Winter 1972/73), pp. 117-129.


  • "Of Bargaining Chips and Building Blocks:Arms Control and Defense Policy", International Journal, Vol. XXVIII, No. 2 (Spring 1973), pp. 266-296.
  • "Unsafe at Any Speed:A Critique of 'Stable Deterrence' Doctrine", RUSI Journal, Vol. 118, No. 2 (June 1973), pp. 23-27.
  • "Social Science and the Arms Race", Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, Vol. XXXIX, No. 6 (June 1973), pp. 23-26.
  • "Still on the Team:NORAD in 1973", Queen's Quarterly, Vol. LXXX, No. 3 (Autumn 1973), pp. 398-404.
  • "The Security of Israel", Military Review, Vol. LIII, No. 10 (October 1973), pp. 22-35.
  • "The 'Second Wave':New Directions in Strategic Studies", RUSI Journal, Vol. 118, No. 4 (December 1973), pp. 35-41.


  • "The Urge to Compete:Rationales for Arms Racing", World Politics, Vol. XXVI, No. 2 (January 1974), pp. 207-233.
  • "Rethinking Nuclear Strategy", Orbis, Vol. SVII, No. 4 (Winter 1974), pp. 1145-1160.
  • "How Does the Nuclear Arms Race Work?", Cooperation and Conflict, Vol. IX, No. 4 (1974), pp. 285-295.
  • "The Practice of Theory in International Relations", Political Studies, Vol. XXII, No. 2 (June 1974), pp. 129-146.
  • "From Superiority to Sub-Parity", Orbis, Vol XVIII, No. 1 (Spring 1974), pp. 292-297.
  • "Mini-Nukes and NATO Strategy",International Journal, Vol. XXIX, No. 2 (Spring 1974), pp. 216-241.
  • "Foreign Policy and the Strategic Balance",Orbis, Vol. XVIII, No. 3 (Fall 1974), pp. 706-727.
  • "Deterrence and Defense in Europe:Revising NATO's Theatre Nuclear Posture",RUSI Journal, Vol. 119, No. 4 (December 1976), pp. 3-11.
  • "Predicting Arms Race Behaviour",Futures, Vol. 6, No. 5 (October 1974), pp. 380-388.
  • "The Nuclear Connection",Military Review, Vol. LIV, No. 9 (September 1975), pp. 3-13.


  • "New Weapons and the Resort to Force",International Journal, Vol. XXX, No. 2 (Spring 1975), pp. 238-258.
  • "Hawks and Doves:Values and Policy",Journal of Political and Military Sociology, Vol. 3, No. 1 (Spring 1975), pp. 85-94.
  • "SALT and the American Mood",Strategic Review, Vol. III, No. 3 (Summer 1975), pp. 41-51.
  • "Bargaining Chips and the Development of New Weapons",Interstate, No. 2 (Spring 1975), pp. 14-22.
  • "A Problem Guide to SALT II",Survival, Vol.XVII, No. 5 (September-October 1975), pp. 230-234.
  • "SALT II and the Strategic Balance",British Journal of International Studies, Vol. 1, No. 3 (October 1975), pp. 183-208.


  • "Theater Nuclear Weapons:Doctrines and Postures",World Politics, Vol XXVIII, No. 2 (January 1976), pp. 300-314.
  • "Nuclear Strategy:The Debate Moves On",RUSI Journal, Vol. CXXI, No. 1 (March 1976), pp. 44-50.
  • "Foreign Policy--There Is No Choice",Foreign Policy, No. 24 (Fall 1976), pp. 114-126.
  • "War and Peace--The Soviet View",Air Force Magazine, Vol. LIX, No. 10 (October1976), pp. 28-31.
  • "From Disarmament, to Arms Control, To…What?" Futures, Vol. VIII, No. 6 (December1976), pp. 525-530.
  • "Detente, Arms Control and Strategy:Perspectives on SALT",The American Political Science Review, Vol. LXX, No. 4 (December 1976), pp. 1242-1256.


  • "Arms Control in a Nuclear Armed World?" The Annals, Vol. 430 (March 1977), pp. 110-121.
  • "Soviet Tactical Airpower, " Air Force Magazine, Vol. 60, No. 3 March 1977), pp. 62-71.
  • "Across the Nuclear Divide:Strategic Studies Past and Present",International Security, Vol 2, No. 1 (Summer 1977), pp. 24-46.
  • "The End of SALT?U.S.--U.S.S.R. Negotiations",Policy Review, No. 2 (Fall 1977), pp. 31-45.
  • "Who's Afraid of the Cruise Missile?" Orbis, Vol. XXI, No. 3 (Fall 1977), pp. 517-531.
  • "Arms Control:The American Way",The Wilson Quarterly, Vol. 1, No. 5 (Autumn1977), pp. 94-99.


  • "Think Tanks and Public Policy",International Journal, Vol. XXXIII, No. 1 (Winter1977-8), pp. 177-194.
  • "Soviet Rocket Forces:Military Capability, Political Utility",Air Force Magazine, Vol.61, No. 3 (March 1978), pp. 49-55.
  • "Force Planning, Political Guidance and the Decision to Fight",Military Review, Vol.LVIII, No. 4 (April 1978), pp. 5-16.
  • "The MX Debate",Survival, Vol. XX, No. 3 (May/June 1978), pp. 105-112.
  • "Vietnam Three Years Later:Looking Back on a Lost Opportunity",National Review, Vol. XXX, No. 19 (May 12, 1978), pp. 580-583.
  • "The Strategic Forces Triad:End of the Road?" Foreign Affairs, Vol. 56, No. 4 (July1978), pp. 771-789.
  • "Does Theory Lead Technology?",International Journal, Vol. XXXIII, No. 3 (Summer1978), pp. 506-523.
  • "Soviet Tactical Airpower",NATO's Fifteen Nations, Vol. 23, No. 4 (Summer 1978), pp.46-52.


  • "NATO Strategy and the 'Neutron Bomb'",Policy Review, No. 7 (Winter 1979), pp. 7-26.
  • "SALT and U.S. Policy",The Washington Quarterly, Vol. 2 No. 1 (Winter 1979). pp. 73-82.
  • "Soviet Strategic Vulnerabilities",Air Force Magazine, Vol. 62, No. 3 (March 1979). pp. 60-64.
  • "The MX ICBM:Why We Need It",Air Force Magazine, Vol. 62, No. 8 (August 1979), pp. 66-71.
  • "Nuclear Strategy:The Case for a Theory of Victory",International Security, Vol. 4, No. 1 (Summer 1979), pp. 54-87.
  • "The Military Requirements of U.S. Strategy",Military Review, Vol LIX, No. 9 (September 1979), pp. 2-13.
  • "The Salt II Debate in Context",Survival, Vol XXI, No. 5 (September/October 1979), pp. 202-205.
  • "SALT II:The Real Debate",Policy Review, No. 10 (Fall 1979) pp. 7-22.


  • "Targeting Problems for Central War",Naval War College Review, Vol XXXIII, No. 1 (January/February 1980), pp. 3-21.
  • "Arms Control in Soviet Policy",Air Force Magazine, Vol. 63, No. 3 (March 1980) pp. 66-71.
  • (With Keith B. Payne) "Victory Is Possible",Foreign Policy, No. 39 (Summer 1980), pp. 14-27.
  • "Force Postures, Arms Races, and the Future of SALT",Comparative Strategy, Vol. 2, No. 2 (1980), pp. 113-128.
  • "Strategic Stability Reconsidered",Daedalus, Vol. 109, No. 4 (Fall 1980), pp. 135-154.


  • "The Most Dangerous Decade:Historic Mission, Legitimacy, and Dynamics of the Soviet Empire in the 1980s",Orbis, Vol. 25, No. 1 (Spring 1981), pp. 13-28.
  • "A New Debate on Ballistic Missile Defense",Survival, Vol. XXIII No. 2 (March/April1981), pp. 60-71.
  • "Presidential Directive (PD) 59:Flawed But Useful",Parameters, Vol. XI, No. 1 (March1981), pp. 29-37.
  • "National Style in Strategy:The American Example",International Security, Vol. 6, No.2 (Fall 1981), pp. 21-47.
  • "Issues and Non-Issues in the Nuclear Policy Debate",The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, Vol. 37, No. 10 (December 1981), pp. 47-49.
  • "The MX ICBM and Nuclear Strategy", International Defense Review, Vol. 14, No. 7 (1981), pp. 855-862.
  • "Strategic Forces, General Purpose Forces, and Crisis Management",The Annals, Vol.457 (September 1981), pp. 67-77.
  • "Strategic Forces:The Reagan Story",International Security Review, Vol. 6, No. 4 (Winter 1981/1982), pp. 437-447.
  • (With Rebeca V. Strode) "The Imperial Dimension of Soviet Military Power",Problems of Communism, Vol. XXX, No. 6 (November-December 1981), pp. 1-15.


  • "Reflections on Empire:The Soviet Connection",Military Review, Vol. LXII, No. 1 (January 1982), pp. 2-13.
  • "Wanted:An Arms Control Policy",Arms Control Today, Vol. 12, No. 2 (February 1982), pp. 1-3, 8-9.
  • "The Idea of Strategic Superiority",Air Force Magazine, Vol. 65, No. 3 (March 1982), pp. 62-63.
  • " 'Dangerous to Your Health':The Debate Over Nuclear Strategy and War",Orbis, Vol.26, No. 2 (Summer 1982), pp. 327-349.
  • "Why Does the United States Need ICBM's?"NATO's Fifteen Nations, Vol. 27, No. 4 (August/September 1982), pp. 80-84.
  • "Defense, Deterrence, and Doctrine",Naval War College Review, Vol XXXV, No. 4 (July/August 1982), pp. 38-43.
  • "NATO's Nuclear Dilema",Policy Review, No. 22 (Fall 1982), pp. 97-116.
  • The Heritage Lectures No 14, A Heritage Roundtable:The Nuclear Freeze (Washington, D.C.:Heritage Foundation, 1982), pp. 10-14, 19-21, 25-26, 27-28.


  • "Nuclear Strategy:A Regrettable Necessity",SAIS Review Vol. 3, No. 1 (Winter-Spring 1983), pp. 13-28.
  • (With Keith B. Payne), "Nuclear Strategy:Is There a Future?"The Washington Quarterly, Vol. 6, No. 3 (Summer 1983), pp. 55-66.
  • "Response to 'The Strategist's Vocation', " Survival, Vol. XXV, No. 4 (July/August1983), pp. 175-176.
  • "Space is Not a Sanctuary",Survival, Vol. XXV., No. 5 (September/October 1983), pp.194-204.
  • "Nuclear Freeze?"Parameters, Vol. XIII, No. 2 (July 1983), pp. 74-80.
  • "NATO Defense and Arms Reduction Proposals",Military Review, Vol. LXIII, No. 10 (October 1983), pp. 62-68.
  • "Abiding Realities and Strategic Needs",Air Force Magazine, Vol. 66, No. 7 (July1983), pp. 73-76.


  • (With Keith B. Payne) "Nuclear Policy and the Defensive Transition",Foreign Affairs, Vol. 62, No. 4 (Spring 1984), pp. 820-842.
  • "War Fighting for Deterrence",The Journal of Strategic Studies, Vol. 7, No. 1 (March,1984), pp. 5-28.
  • (with Barry R. Schneider) "The Soviet Military Space Program",Signal, Vol. 39, No. 4 (December 1984), pp. 69-73.
  • "Why an ASAT Treaty is a Bad Idea",Aerospace America, Vol. 22, No. 4 (April 1984), pp. 70-74.
  • "Deterrence, Arms Control, and the Defense Transition",Orbis, Vol. 28, No. 2 (Summer 1984), pp. 227-240.
  • "International Order and American Power",Air University Review, Vol. XXXV, No. 6 (September-October 1984), pp. 26-34.
  • "Moscow Is Cheating",Foreign Policy, No. 56 (Fall 1984), pp. 141-152.
  • "Planning for U.S. Security Interests",U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, Vol 100, No. 12 (December 1984, pp. 37-43.
  • "Comparative Strategic Culture",Parameters, Vol. XIV, No. 4 (Winter 1984), pp. 26-33.


  • "SDI Necessary for National Security",Defense Science 2003+, Vol. 4, No. 1 (February1985), pp. 14-19.
  • "Defense Planning and the Duration of War",Defense Analysis, Vol. 1, No. 1 (March1985), pp. 21-36.
  • "Strategic Defense, Deterrence, and the Prospects for Peace",Ethics, Vol. 95, No. 3 (March 1985), pp. 21-36.
  • The Heritage Lectures No. 40, A Roundtable Discussion, SALT II:Rest in Peace (Washington D.C.:Heritage Foundation, March 28, 1985), pp. 12-16, 19, 21, 25-56, 27-28, 31, 32-34.
  • "A Case for Strategic Defence",Survival, Vol. XXVII, No. 2 (March/April 1985), pp.26-40.
  • "The Strategic Defense Initiative:13 Issues",Defense Science 2003+, Vol. 4, No. 3 (June/July 1985), pp. 36-46.
  • "The Nuclear Winter Thesis and U.S. Strategic Policy",The Washington Quarterly, Vol.8, No. 3 (Summer 1985) pp. 85-96.
  • "Inexcusable Restraint:The Decline in U.S. Military Power in the 1970s",International Security, Vol. 10, No. 2 (Fall 1985), pp. 27-69.
  • "Verification of Non-Compliance:The Problem of Response",Defense Science 2003+, Vol. 4, No. 5 (October/November 1985), pp. 29-39.
  • "Space Arms Control:A Skeptical view",Air University Review, Vol. XXXVII, No. 1 (November/December 1985), pp. 73-86.


  • "Maritime Strategy",U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, February 1986.
  • "Why the SDI Is Good for Arms Control",Defense Science 2004+, Vol. 5, No. 1 (February/March 1986), pp. 17-24.
  • "The Transition from Offense to Defense",The Washington Quarterly, Vol. IX, No. 3 (Summer 1986), pp. 59-72.
  • "Nuclear Delusions",Policy Review, No. 37 (Summer 1986), pp. 48-53.
  • "Keeping the Soviets Landlocked:Geostrategy for a Maritime America",The National Interest, No. 4 (Summer 1986), pp. 24-36.


  • "Understanding Nuclear Strategy",Defense Science and Electronics, Vol. 6, No. 1 (January 1987), pp. 82-85.
  • "Maritime Strategy and the Pacific:Some Implications for NATO",Naval War College Review, Vol, XXXX, No. 1 (Winter 1987), pp. 8-19.
  • "Western Security and the Pacific:A Geopolitical Perspective",NATO's Sixteen Nations, Vol. 32, No. 2 (April 1987), pp. 62-47.
  • "The Gorbachev Offensive",Society, Vol 24, No. 5 (July/August 1987), pp. 38-44.
  • "ICBM's and Deterrence:The Controversy Over Prompt Launch",The Journal of Strategic Studies, Vol. 10, No. 3 (September 1987), pp. 285-309.
  • "The Maritime Strategy from the Kremlin's Point of View",U.S Naval Institute Professional Seminar Series, 24 April, 1987.


  • "NATO:Time to Call It a Day?"The National Interest, No. 10 (Winter 1987/88), pp.13-26.
  • "National Signatures in Defense",Defense Science, Vol 7, No. 1 (January 1988), pp. 24-26.
  • "Gresham's Triumph:Or Why the INF Treaty is a Bad Idea",National Security Record, No. 109 (January 1988), p. 5.
  • "The Maritime Strategy--1988… Global Deterrent?"U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, Vol. 114, No. 2 (February 1988), pp. 52-59.
  • "Blundering On:Arms Control Without Strategy… Again",Defense Science, Vol. 7, No. 3 (March 1988), pp. 53-55.
  • "Space Warfare--Part I, The Need for Doctrine",National Defense, Vol. LXXII, No. 434 (January 1988), pp. 25-28.
  • "Space Warfare--Part II:Principles, Weapons and Tactics",National Defense, Vol.LXXII, No. 435 (February 1988), pp. 39-43.
  • "ASAT for Space Control--Wanted Yet Missing",Defense Science, Vol. 7, No. 6 (June1988), pp. 38-41.
  • "Another 'Weary Titan'?:The United States and the Balance of Power",Defense Science, Vol. 7, No. 7 (July 1988), pp. 56-59.
  • "Maritime Strategy:Europe and the World Beyond",Naval Forces, Vol. IX, No. V (1988), pp. 28-41.
  • "Ocean and Continent in Global Strategy",Comparative Strategy, Vol. 7, No. 4 (1988), pp.439-444.


  • (with Roger Barnett) "Geopolitics and Strategy",Global Affairs, Vol. IV, No. 1 (Winter1989), pp. 18-37.
  • (with Keith Payne) "What to Read on Strategic Defense:An Annotated Bibliography",Policy Review, No. 47 (Winter 1989), pp. 86-90.
  • "An Uncertain Future for SDI",The World and I",Vol. 4, No. 4 (April 1989),
  • pp. 116-121.
  • "The Maritime Strategy in U.S.-Soviet Strategic Relations",Naval War College Review, Vol. XLII, No. 1 (Winter 1989), pp. 7-18.
  • "People, not weapons, make war",Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, Vol. 45, No. 4 (May 1989), p. 34.


  • "The Maritime Strategy Is Not New",U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, Vol. 116, No. 1 (January 1990), pp. 66-72.
  • "U.S. Naval Power and Competitive Grand Strategy",International Defense Review, No.3 (1990), 255-258.
  • "Nuclear Strategy:What Is True, What Is False, What Is Arguable",Comparative Strategy, Vol. 9, No. 1 (1990), pp. 1-32.
  • "The Soviet Threat in the 1990's",Global Affairs, Vol. V, No. 2 (Spring 1990), pp. 25-44.
  • "Tomorrow's Forecast:Warmer/Still Cloudy",U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, Vol.116, No. 5 (May 1990), pp. 38-46.
  • "Does Verification Really Matter?Facing Political Facts about Arms Control Non-Compliance",Strategic Review, Vol. XVIII, No. 2 (Spring 1990), pp. 32-42.
  • "The Wartime Utility of Seapower:Part I:The Historical Record",Naval Forces, Vol.XI, No. IV (1990), pp. 8-17.
  • "Nuclear Strategy:Do the Details Matter?" Arms Control Today, Vol. 20, No. 8 (October 1990), pp. 37-38.
  • "The Wartime Utility of Seapower:Part II:Back to the Future",Naval Forces, Vol.XI, No. V (1990), pp. 22-29.
  • "The Definitions and Assumptions of Deterrence:Questions of Theory and Practice",The Journal of Strategic Studies, Vol. 13, No. 4 (December 1990), pp. 1-18.


  • "Destination Unknown:From SALT to START",Strategic Review, Vol. XIX, No. 2 (Spring 1991), pp. 32-43.
  • "Deterrence Resurrected:Revisiting Some Fundamentals",Parameters, Vol. XXI, No. 2 (Summer 1991), pp. 13-21.
  • "START II:Good Arms Control?"Global Affairs, Vol. VI, No. 3 (Summer 1991), pp.47-57.
  • "Defense Planning for the Mystery Tour:Principles for Guidance in a Period of Nonlinear Change",Airpower Journal, Vol. V, No. 2 (Summer 1991), pp. 18-26.
  • "Geography and Grand Strategy",Comparative Strategy, Vol. 10, No. 4 (October-December 1991), pp. 311-329.
  • "The Holistic Strategist",Global Affairs, Vol. VII, No. 1 (Winter 1992), pp. 171-182.
  • "From Defense Philosophy to Force Planning:The Strategic Forces",Defense Analysis, Vol. 7, No. 4 (December 1991), pp. 363-372.
  • "The Future of U.S.-CIS (Commonwealth of Independent States) Relations and Arms Control Negotiations",UNIDIR Newsletter, Vol. 4, No. 4 (December 1991), pp. 4-5.


  • "Back to the Future?Russia and the Balance of Power in Eurasia",Global Affairs, Vol.VII, No. 3 (Summer 1992), pp. 41-52.
  • "Strategic Sense, Strategic Nonsense", The National Interest, No. 29 (Fall 1992), pp. 11-19.
  • "New Directions for Strategic Studies?How Can Theory Help Practice?"Security Studies, Vol. I, No. 4 (Summer 1992), pp. 610-635.
  • "Deterrence in the New Security Environment",Comparative Strategy, Vol. II, No. 3 (July-September 1992), pp. 247-267.


  • "Force, Order, and Justice:The Ethics of Realism in Statecraft",Global Affairs, Vol.VIII, No. 3 (Summer 1993), pp. 1-17.
  • "Arms Control Does Not Control Arms",Orbis, Vol. 37, No. 3 (Summer 1993), pp. 333-348.
  • "Combatting Terrorism",Parameters, Vol. XXIII, No. 3 (Autumn 1993), pp. 17-23.
  • "Through a Missile Tube Darkly:'New Thinking' about Nuclear Strategy",Political Studies, Vol. XLI, No. 4 (December 1993), pp. 661-671.
  • "Sea Power:The Great Enabler",Naval War College Review, Vol. XLVII, No. 1 (Winter 1994), pp. 18-27.
  • "Space Power Survivability",Airpower Journal, Vol. VII, No. 4 (Winter 1993), pp. 27-42.
  • "Influence from the Sea:NATO, Naval Power and World Order",Defence and Security Review 1994 (December 1993), pp. 86-94.


  • "Vision for Naval Space Strategy",U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, Vol. 120, No. 1 (January 1994), pp. 63-68.
  • "Global Security and Economic Well-being:a Strategic Perspective", Political Studies, Vol. 42, No. 1 (March 1994), pp. 25-39.
  • "Off the Map:Defense Planning after the Soviet Threat",Strategic Review, Vol. XXII, No. 2 (Spring 1994), pp. 26-35.
  • "History for Strategists:British Seapower as a Relevant Past",The Journal of Strategic Studies, Vol. 17, No. 1 (March 1994), pp. 7-32.
  • "Villains, Victims, and Sheriffs:Strategic Studies and Security for an Interwar Period",Comparative Strategy, Vol. 13, No. 4 (October–December 1994), pp. 353-369.


  • "The Limits of Seapower: Joint Warfare and Unity of Conflict",Joint Force Quarterly, No.6 (Autumn/Winter 1994-95), pp.52-61.
  • "NATO: In Trouble at the Crossroads Again",Strategic Review, Vol. XXIII, No.3 (Summer 1995), pp.7-15.


  • "The Changing Nature of Warfare?Naval War College Review, Vol. XLIX, No.2 (Spring 1996), pp. 7-22.
  • "The Continued Primacy of Geography",Orbis, Vol. 40, No. 2 (Spring 1996), pp.247-259.
  • "On Strategic Performance",Joint Force Quarterly, No. 10 (Winter 1995-96), pp.30-36.
  • "Geopolitical Influences on International Security",Central European Issues (Romanian Foreign Affairs Review), Vol. 1, No. 2 (Winter 1995/96), pp. 74-92.
  • "Three Visions of Future War",Queen's Quarterly, Vol. 103, No. 1 (Spring 1996), pp. 35-48.
  • "Arms Races and Other Pathetic Fallacies: A Case for Deconstruction",Review of International Studies, Vol. 22, No. 3 (July 1996), pp. 323-335.
  • (with Stephen Cambone) "The Role of Nuclear Forces in U. S. National Security Strategy: Implications of the B-2 Bomber",Comparative Strategy, Vol. 15, No. 3 (July-September 1996), pp. 207-231.
  • "The Influence of Space Power upon History",Comparative Strategy, Vol. 15, No.4 (October-December 1996), pp. 293-308.


  • "RMAs and the Dimensions of Strategy",Joint Force Quarterly, No. 17 (Autumn/Winter 1997-98), pp. 50-54.
  • "Deterrence and Regional Conflict: Hopes, Fallacies, and 'Fixes'",Comparative Strategy, Vol. 17, No. 1 (January-March 1998), pp. 45-62.
  • "RMAs and the Dimensions of Strategy",Joint Force Quarterly, No. 19 (Summer1998).


  • "Strategic Culture as Context: The First Generation of Theory Strikes Back",Review of International Studies, Vol. 25, No. 1 (January 1999), pp. 49-69.
  • "Handfuls of Heroes on Desperate Ventures: When do Special Operations Succeed?"Parameters, Vol. XXIX, No. 2 (Spring 1999), pp. 2-24.
  • "A Coast Guard for the Future: America's Maritime Guardian",Comparative Strategy, Vol. 18, No. 2 (April-June 1999), pp. 111-128.
  • (with John B. Sheldon) "Space Power and the Revolution in Military Affairs: A Glass Half Full?" Airpower Journal, Vol. XIII, No. 3, (Fall 1999), pp. 23-38.
  • "Inescapable Geography", The Journal of Strategic Studies, Vol. 22, Nos. 2/3 (June/September 1999), pp. 161-177.
  • (with Geoffrey Sloan) "Why Geopolitics?" The Journal of Strategic Studies, Vol.22, Nos. 2/3 (June/September 1999), pp. 1-11.
  • "Clausewitz Rules, OK? The Future is the Past- with GPS", Review of International Studies, Vol. 25, Special Issue (December 1999), pp.161-182.
  • "Why Strategy Is Difficult", Joint Force Quarterly, No.22 (Summer 1999), pp.6-12.


  • "Keeping the Coast Guard Afloat", The National Interest, No.60 (Summer 2000), pp.83-87.
  • "Talk in Washington, DC, December 10, 1999 [on arms control]", Comparative Strategy, Vol.19, No.2 (April/June 2000), pp.174-177.
  • "Deterrence in the 21st Century", Comparative Strategy, Vol.19, No.3 (July/September 2000), pp.255-261.
  • "Deterrence and the Nature of Strategy", Small Wars and Insurgencies, Vol.11, No.2 (Autumn 2000), pp.17-26.
  • "The Book We Have Been Waiting For", Naval War College Review, Vol.53, No.4 (Autumn 2000), pp.149-152.
  • "No Good Deed Shall Go Unpunished", The International Journal of Human Rights, Vol.4, Nos.3/4 (Autumn/Winter 2000), pp. 302-306.


  • "An International 'Norm' Against Nuclear Weapons?The British Case", Comparative Strategy, Vol.20, No.3 (July-September 2001), pp. 231-239.
  • "The Coast Guard and Navy: It's Time for a 'National Fleet'",Naval War College Review, Vol.54, No.3 (Summer 2001), pp 112-137.
  • "The RMA and Intervention: A Sceptical View", Contemporary Security Policy, Vol.22, No.3 (December 2001), pp 52-65.


  • "Thinking Asymmetrically In Times of Terror", Parameters, Vol.XXXII, No.1 (Spring 2002), pp 5-14.
  • "The Coast Guard and Sea Power in the Twenty-First Century", Comparative Strategy, Vol. 21, No. 3 (July-September 2002).
  • "European Perspectives on U.S. Ballistic Missile Defense", Comparative Strategy, Vol. 21, No. 4 (2002), pp. 279-310.


  • "In Praise of Strategy", Review of International Studies, Vol. 29, No. 2 (April 2003), pp. 285-295.
  • "Why Strategy is difficult", Joint Force Quarterly, No. 34 (Spring 2003), pp. 80-86.
  • "The Reformation of Deterrence: Moving On", Comparative Strategy, Vol. 22, No. 5 (December 2003), pp. 429-461.


  • "In Defence of the Heartland: Sir Halford Mackinder and His Critics a Hundred Years On", Comparative Strategy, Vol. 23, No. 1 (January-March 2004), pp. 9-25.


  • "How Has War Changed since the End of the Cold War?" Parameters, Vol. XXXV, No. (Spring 2005), pp. 14-26.
  • "Sandcastle of Theory:A Critique of Amitai Etzioni's Communitarianism",American Behavioral Scientist, Vol. 48, No.12 (August 2005), pp.1607-1625.
  • "Future Warfare:Or, the Triumph of History", The RUSI Journal, Vol.150, No.5 (October 2005), pp.16-19.


  • "Been There!Done That!Blood in the Crystal Ball", and "With Clausewitz to Eternity", Historically Speaking, Vol. 7, No. 3 (January/February 2006), pp. 25-28, 35-38.
  • "Stability Operations in Strategic Perspective:A Skeptical View", Parameters, Vol. XXXVI, No. 2 (Summer 2006), pp. 4-14.
  • "The Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR), 2006, and the Perils of the Twenty-First Century", Comparative Strategy, Vol. 25, No. 2 (April – June 2006), pp. 141-148.
  • "Technology as a Dynamic of Defence Transformation", Defence Studies, Vol. 6, No. 1 (March 2006), pp. 26-51.

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