Researchers at the School and CINN use transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) to study the function of the brain in perception, action, cognition, language, and emotion regulation. TMS works by applying a short magnetic pulse directly over a small portion of the brain, inducing weak electrical currents in the nerve cells underneath, and interfering - temporarily! - with their function. TMS is a powerful research technique when used alone, but here in CINN we are also using TMS in conjunction with electroencephalography (EEG), and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). This puts CINN and the University of Reading at the forefront of human neuroscience research and makes us one of a very small number of research institutes with this technological capability.