European housing buffeted by the global storm
Release Date 05 March 2009
Mortgage credit availability is likely to be the key driver of housing market activity
With house prices falling across all European markets by the end of 2008 and prospects for 2009 even gloomier, the revival of European housing relies now on the ability of European governments to cope with the mortgage credit shortage and on the scale and duration of the economic recession, says the RICS European Housing Review 2009, published today (5 March 2009) and written by Professor Michael Ball of the University of Reading.
Significant reductions in mortgage lending, due to the credit crunch, coupled with the global economic downturn, have depressed demand for residential property in Europe.
Last year house prices declined or remained static across all European markets without exception. However, the Baltic States experienced the sharpest falls (Estonia fell 23%), followed closely by the UK (minus 16%), Ireland (minus 9%) and Scandinavian countries (Norway dropped 8%).
Even those economies that did not experience a boom in house prices have not been spared from the squeeze in the property market. In Germany and Austria, a lack of credit has hit demand and further moderate falls in house prices and activity are expected in 2009. Meanwhile in Italy, sales declined and, for the first time in more than a decade, mortgage growth was negative in 2008.
Though official indices in Spain surprisingly recorded only moderate price falls through the year, the dramatic effects of the credit crunch on mortgage availability and the ending of a consumer boom are likely to lead to a more material readjustment of prices in 2009. In addition, the worsening global economic climate will lead to a further deterioration in the Spanish second homes sector.
The UK and Ireland experienced some of the worst market declines in 2008, with significant price falls in both cases. However, according to the January RICS UK Housing Market survey there is evidence that some buyers are beginning to show renewed interest, looking for bargains. Even so, it is premature to assume that this marks the bottom of the cycle for prices.
In Central and Eastern Europe, the financial turmoil hit residential markets very hard; In Hungary transactions fell by 10-15% in 2008 and house prices declined in all major Polish cities during 2008. Continued constraints on mortgage availability and the rising cost of foreign currency loans may lead to further falls.
In France, transactions of existing homes fell by 30% in 2008 and prices are expected to continue to slide in 2009 as a result of the weak economy.
The nationalisation of some of the major mortgage lenders in the Netherlands and Belgium, such as Fortis bank, has had a significant impact in those countries' housing markets, which could lead to a further weakening of prices.
The report's author, Professor Michael Ball, said: "The world financial crisis and economic downswing have hit European housing markets badly. Some countries, like Ireland and the UK, led the decline but by the last quarter of 2008 the effects had spread across Europe. Given the broader context in which these housing market downturns are taking place, there is greater synchronisation of housing market decline in Europe than has been seen in the past and there are going to be some tough times before marked recovery occurs."
Simon Rubinsohn, Chief Economist of RICS, commented: "The tightening in lending criteria by banks over the past year is now having a meaningful impact on a number of European housing markets. In addition, sentiment is clearly being affected by the worsening economic climate. As a result, activity levels will continue to weaken through much of 2009 and prices look set to fall further in most markets. Ensuring a ready flow of mortgage finance needs to be an important priority for European governments but the key to providing support for property markets across the region is effective measures to underpin the economy."
Notes for editors:
Michael Ball is professor of Urban and Property Economics at the Department of Real Estate and Planning at the Business School at Reading University.
The full report and summary is available online at: www.rics.org/ehr
RICS (Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors) is the mark of property professionalism worldwide. It covers all aspects of property, construction and associated environmental issues. RICS has 86,000 chartered members (FRICS and MRICS) and 55,000 members in other categories of membership (TechRICS, trainees and students) globally. It represents, regulates and promotes the work of these property professionals throughout 146 countries. RICS is governed by a Royal Charter approved by the UK Parliament which requires it to act in the public interest. It is also a professional regulatory body approved by the British Government (HM Treasury).
For more information:
RICS Corporate Communications (Europe)
67, Rue Ducale
T +32 (0)2 739 42 27
M +32 (0)486 47 33 45