APMA104-Principles of Integrated Pest Management

Module Provider: School of Agriculture, Policy and Development
Number of credits: 20 [10 ECTS credits]
Level:7
Terms in which taught: Autumn / Spring term module
Pre-requisites:
Non-modular pre-requisites:
Co-requisites:
Modules excluded:
Module version for: 2017/8

Module Convenor: Prof Michael Shaw

Email: m.w.shaw@reading.ac.uk

Summary module description:

To introduce the major classes of organisms competing with people to consume crops and outline plant defences against them. To provide a mental framework for thinking about factors determining the impact of pests, disease and weeds: population growth and factors limiting it; natural enemies; movement from crop to crop in space and time. To show, by selected examples, how this impact depends on the whole cropping system. In restricted settings, to allow students to suggest integrated modifications to a system, including pesticides, biopesticides, classical and inundative biocontrol, and varietal and agronomic factors which will give stable and resilient output from the system. 


Aims:

To introduce the major classes of organisms competing with people to consume crops and outline plant defences against them. To provide a mental framework for thinking about factors determining the impact of pests, disease and weeds: population growth and factors limiting it; natural enemies; movement from crop to crop in space and time. To show, by selected examples, how this impact depends on the whole cropping system. In restricted settings, to allow students to suggest integrated modifications to a system, including pesticides, biopesticides, classical and inundative biocontrol, and varietal and agronomic factors which will give stable and resilient output from the system. 


Assessable learning outcomes:

By the end of the module it is expected that the student will

• Recognise a limited range of plant disease signs, pests, weeds and beneficials

• Be familiar with a selected range of pest control practices showing contrasting characteristics and decision supports

• Understand how parasitic organisms, weeds and beneficials transfer between host crops and multiply, both within crop and regionally

• Describe typical drivers of pest population dynamics, with examples of their effects

• Recognise and explain selected examples of system-wide integration of management tactics

• Analyse simple pest problems and suggest system changes which will improve the overall outcome, based on experimental evidence.



 


Additional outcomes:

Appreciation of the complexity of natural and cultivated ecosystems and better system-scale thinking; improved library research, identification and problem solving skills. More informed reading of commercial advertising material.  Basic use of simple taxonomic keys to help identify pests and benefitials.


Outline content:

This module will: describe some of the basics of the biology of weeds, the most important herbivorous insect groups and a few of the taxonomic groups causing plant disease; demonstrate the importance of natural enemies; contrast case-histories representing successful and unsuccessful applications of biological control; introduce typical important patterns of population dynamics; show how a serious visible detriment to production is the outcome of the interaction of host, environment and pathogen, pest or weed; describe some contrasting examples to show how production systems may favour or disfavour particular organisms; discuss the action of pesticides within a cropping system and resistance evolution; decision making, precision approaches and the effect of outside constraints on use of pesticides or other agronomic variables.



The Lecture Content covers introductory biology of pest species, population dynamics applied to pathogens, weeds and pests, including the action of natural enemies; case-histories in biological control; examples of how interactions of host, environment and pathogen, pest or weed lead to different outcomes; effects and side-effects of pesticides within a cropping system; resistance evolution; precision approaches and decision support.



The Practical Content will cover:

Examination and elementary diagnosis of example arthropods, nematodes, plant diseases caused by fungi, oomycetes, bacteria and viruses; estimation of effective dose of a herbicide.



 


Brief description of teaching and learning methods:
Lectures; problem-based seminars; field/lab-based practicals; external reading and team-based exercises.

Contact hours:
  Autumn Spring Summer
Lectures 15 16
Tutorials 7
Practicals classes and workshops 20
Guided independent study 65 77
       
Total hours by term 100.00 100.00
       
Total hours for module 200.00

Summative Assessment Methods:
Method Percentage
Written exam 70
Practical skills assessment 30

Other information on summative assessment:

The above assessment details are indicative only and may differ from the above but are likely to include: an end of year exam, factual tests and set exercises. 


Formative assessment methods:

Classroom feedback during problem-solving and identification sessions



Feedback on summative tests


Penalties for late submission:
Penalties for late submission on this module are in accordance with the University policy. Please refer to page 5 of the Postgraduate Guide to Assessment for further information: http://www.reading.ac.uk/internal/exams/student/exa-guidePG.aspx

Length of examination:

A two hour exam including a compulsory 'by scenario-type' extended answer question and a choice of essay questions 


Requirements for a pass:
A mark of 50% overall.

Reassessment arrangements:
Re-examination in August/September.

Additional Costs (specified where applicable):
1) Required text books:
2) Specialist equipment or materials:
3) Specialist clothing, footwear or headgear:
4) Printing and binding:
5) Computers and devices with a particular specification:
6) Travel, accommodation and subsistence:

Last updated: 31 March 2017

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