IDM088-Food Security and Development

Module Provider: School of Agriculture, Policy and Development
Number of credits: 20 [10 ECTS credits]
Terms in which taught: Autumn / Spring term module
Non-modular pre-requisites:
Modules excluded:
Module version for: 2016/7

Module Convenor: Dr Henny Osbahr


Summary module description:

This module engages with the challenge of why basic food security is still a problem for millions of people in the developing world. Food security concerns the complex means by which people seek to maintain livelihoods. The study of food security requires an appreciation not only of food production, but also of the means by which households and communities obtain necessary resources, including employment, trade, social networks, and in some cases use of aid resources. When food security is threatened, communities and households have multiple strategies to protect themselves. This module examines both theoretical and methodological approaches to understanding food (in)security in the context of development. Although we will address vulnerability and cause (e.g. climate change, population, trade, conflict etc), we will focus on how people and institutions (including agencies and government) manage risk in an uncertain world, and ultimately how they adapt. For example, issues of aid and humanitarian transfer, building adaptive capacity into food systems and integrated disaster risk reduction in development initiatives. The module will covering a wide geographical, historical, and thematic scope, with case examples, readings, discussions and exercises will address current issues and tools central to understanding, assessing and combating food insecurity.

Assessable learning outcomes:
At the end of the module, students should be able to:
- Discuss historical development of approaches to food insecurity
- Identify components of food security and mechanisms that support equitable and sustainable access to food
- Understand malnutrition and how to identify who is vulnerable
- Describe coping strategies and livelihood examples, as well as failures in global food systems that lead to famine, and appreciate the political dimensions in this process

- Explain international aid system/humanitarian transfer and identify effective programming
- Apply knowledge to disaster risk reduction and adaptive governance (longer term development thinking about how to support food security)
- Engage in debates about the changing nature of food security, and the wider role of the international development ‘industry’ in promoting food production, access and use
- Recognise indicators and describe use in tools and Early Warning Systems at multiple levels

Additional outcomes:
Students will develop communication, writing and critical analysis skills through class participation, reading of materials and preparation of an essay, as well as have reviewed case study examples. Students will also engage with practical tools, methods and frameworks for assessing food insecurity.

Outline content:
Part 1: Key dimensions to food security and development
- Historical perspective to food security - covers main theoretical understandings (environmental determinism, neo-Malthusian explanations, modernisation) that have shaped contemporary critiques of production and sufficiency - will also engage with geopolitics, markets and political ecology
- Access, entitlement and food security - how these ideas influence household availability to food resources, the sustainable livelihoods approach to household food insecurity, and current debates for policy, rights and diversity of different actors
- Livelihoods, vulnerability of food systems and adaptive governance - covers contemporary holistic understandings of food security problems, implications for policy and institutional delivery and vulnerability of food systems
- Nutrition, health and food - what does it mean to lack food (health, malnutrition and disease, welfare, institutional systems for caring, malaria, HIV/AIDS) and how can we assess who needs food

Part 2: Food security, development and practice
- Aid and influence - covers traditional approaches to aid, how to re-think humanitarian assistance, role of cash transfers, service delivery, empowerment and equality, adaptive capacity, redesigning policy frameworks
- Political aspects of famine - historical constructs and the rethinking famine frameworks, practical tools, managing perceptions and cultural sensitivities, role of fragile states and conflict/complex emergencies and refugees.
- Sudden impact disasters and food security - an introduction, the role of disaster risk reduction and mainstreaming within national development strategies, international food crises
- Vulnerability and Household Economy Approach - an introduction to concepts, tools and assessments, why important, case examples of practice, efficiency and cost-effectiveness, exercise on use of HEA

Brief description of teaching and learning methods:
In autumn term, lectures are taught using a diverse set of developing country case studies to illustrate practice, use of video clips, and group discussions on readings and media. Additional individual study and class preparation (using blackboard site) is required and participation in class discussion and online discussions is encouraged.
Spring term will be seminar-based and this format will allow students to explore key topics in greater depth through the use of critical readings, discussions, and group-based work. Some seminars will be led by external experts from government, NGOs and the private sector, thus allowing participants to gain a wider perspective,

Contact hours:
  Autumn Spring Summer
Lectures 20
Seminars 20
Guided independent study 80 80
Total hours by term 100.00 100.00
Total hours for module 200.00

Summative Assessment Methods:
Method Percentage
Written assignment including essay 100

Other information on summative assessment:
Autumn term: essay (accounting for 50% of final mark) - a list of essay titles will be provided by the module convenor towards the start of the module.
Spring term: ‘integrating perspectives’ essay (accounting for 50% of final mark) – the module convenor will help students to devise and explore an essay question of their own devising.

Formative assessment methods:

Penalties for late submission:
Penalties for late submission on this module are in accordance with the University policy. Please refer to page 5 of the Postgraduate Guide to Assessment for further information:

Length of examination:

Requirements for a pass:

Reassessment arrangements:
A reassessment essay title will be provided by the module convenor.

Additional Costs (specified where applicable):
1) Required text books:
2) Specialist equipment or materials:
3) Specialist clothing, footwear or headgear:
4) Printing and binding:
5) Computers and devices with a particular specification:
6) Travel, accommodation and subsistence:

Last updated: 21 December 2016

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