Summary module description:

Aims:
The module provides a solid grounding in risk management and derivatives products in shipping. It builds upon some of the finance concepts introduced in Term 1 modules and applies those concepts within the shipping industry. Risk management is constantly evolving and has become an essential tool within the modern corporation. The cyclical and volatile nature of the shipping business that tends to result in extensive fluctuations in rates and prices associated with shipping operations makes risk management crucially important to shipping companies. As a result, shipping derivatives have been developed in order to more efficiently manage risks, emanating from fluctuations in freight rates, bunker prices, vessel prices, interest rates and foreign exchange rates, amongst others. The module’s main aim is to provide a critical understanding on how all main types of shipping derivatives can be applied in the day-to-day practice of risk management in shipping.

Assessable learning outcomes:
By the end of the module, it is expected that the student will be able to:
- Understand the risk-return trade-offs and evaluate the sources of business risks in shipping.
- Evaluate all available derivatives products and markets as well as the various underlying assets
- Implement different hedging strategies with the use of derivatives products in shipping
- Manage shipping related risk exposures
- Develop, appraise and implement shipping related risk management strategies.
- Price shipping derivatives and estimate optimal hedge ratios
- Apply advanced option trading strategies in shipping

Additional outcomes:
The student will develop familiarity with the workings of the shipping markets from a risk management perspective and gain experience in designing and implementing hedging and investment (trading) strategies, using shipping derivatives products. The student will learn to take risk management decisions, through a series of practical applications, exercises and case studies. The seminars will provide students with the opportunity to apply the developed analytical and other generic skills in related market data.

Outline content:
- Sources of Business Risks in the Shipping Industry
Traditional Risk Management Strategies

- Underlying Freight Assets (Baltic Exchange indices and routes)
Derivatives Products and Markets in Shipping

- Dry-bulk and Tanker Forward Freight Agreements (FFAs)
“Hybrid” FFAs, Freight Futures and Clearing

- Containership Freight Swap Agreements (CFSA)

- Bunker Fuel Price Derivatives
Bunker Fuel Trading Simulation

Baltic Sale and Purchase Assessments (BSPAs)
Foreign Exchange and Interest Rate Derivatives

- Practical Freight Derivatives Trading Examples
Advanced Option Trading Strategies

- Market Risk Measurement in Shipping
Examples of risk measurement of individual assets and portfolios in shipping

- Freight Options Contracts and Option Pricing
Advanced Option Trading Strategies

Brief description of teaching and learning methods:
Lectures will be used for the exposition of theory. Classes will be used to discuss non-assessed problem sets and case studies. There will be 10 2-hour lectures and 8 1-hour seminars. The techniques used to achieve the stated module objectives will consist of a combination of active teaching, question-answer sessions, class examinations, assignments and class discussions.

Contact hours:
  Autumn Spring Summer
Lectures 20
Seminars 8
Guided independent study 172
       
Total hours by term 200.00
       
Total hours for module 200.00

Summative Assessment Methods:
Method Percentage
Written assignment including essay 100

Other information on summative assessment:
- A 3,000 words individual assignment: 100% of the total final assessment mark

Formative assessment methods:

Penalties for late submission:



Penalties for late submission on this module are in accordance with the University policy. Please refer to page 5 of the Postgraduate Guide to Assessment for further information: http://www.reading.ac.uk/internal/exams/student/exa-guidePG.aspx

Length of examination:

Requirements for a pass:
A minimum total final mark of 50%.

Reassessment arrangements:
Re-examination for Part 2 modules takes place in September of the same year.

Additional Costs (specified where applicable):
1) Required text books:
2) Specialist equipment or materials:
3) Specialist clothing, footwear or headgear:
4) Printing and binding:
5) Computers and devices with a particular specification:
6) Travel, accommodation and subsistence:

Last updated: 31 March 2017

Things to do now