BI2BC4-Human Development, Organogenesis & Anatomy

Module Provider: School of Biological Sciences
Number of credits: 10 [5 ECTS credits]
Terms in which taught: Autumn term module
Non-modular pre-requisites:
Modules excluded:
Module version for: 2014/5

Module Convenor: Prof Ketan Patel


Summary module description:

This course aims to provide the student with a comprehensive introduction to mechanisms that control the development of mammals during embryonic and foetal life with particular emphasis being placed on understanding the development of the organs.

Assessable learning outcomes:
At the end of this course students should be able to:
(i) Discuss the development of an embryo from the zygotic stage to an adult human.
(ii) Recognise the role played by gastrulation in establishing the germ layers and list the derivatives from the ectoderm, mesoderm and endoderm.
(iii) Discuss the mechanism that control the development of the nervous system, skeletal muscle, cardiac muscle, limbs, bones, kidney, gut, lungs, and the circulatory system.
(iv) Recognise the roles played by cell division, cell differentiation, and morphogenesis during human development.

Additional outcomes:
Students will enhance their team work, communication and presentational skills by addressing specific subject matters culminating in an oral presentation in a clear, concise and accessible manner to the rest of the class. Students will also have developed time management skills.
Students will be expected to present their results form practicals in the form of a written scientific communication. This exercise will involve information handling and problem-solving skills both of which should be improved as a consequence of fulfilling this assignment. IT skills will be enhanced by the necessity to use web resources.

Outline content:
The course will be organised on a temporal basis that illustrates how the human life begins at fertilisation and proceeds towards gastrulation and subsequently the formation of the three germ layers. The first lecture will show the importance of three cellular features that drive all mammalian development i.e. cell division, cell differentiation and morphogenesis. The later part of the course will focus on the formation of the organs in particular the nervous system (both central and peripheral), skeletal muscle cardiac muscle, kidney, heart, lung, gut bones, joints and the circulation system.

Brief description of teaching and learning methods:
The course will consist of 12 X 50 minute lectures. In addition the there will be five directed learning sessions in which the students will develop ideas raised in the lectures. Particular emphasise will be placed on understanding the development of human diseases caused by defects during embryonic life. At the end of each session, work will be presented to the rest of the class as a board talk or as a PowerPoint presentation. An open discussion will be held after each presentation. Feedback will be given at the end of each session to the groups. Two practicals will be set up and the results from practical work will be written up by the students in the form of a scientific communication i.e. with an abstract, introduction, results, conclusion and references. All practical reports will be assessed for content, presentation, and feedback provided. Comprehensive reading lists will be provided allowing students to study in their own.

Students taking this module are advised to also enrol on BI2BG5, Animal, Plant and Microbial Development, which complements this module.

Contact hours:
  Autumn Spring Summer
Lectures 12
Seminars 8
Practicals classes and workshops 6
Guided independent study 74
Total hours by term 100.00
Total hours for module 100.00

Summative Assessment Methods:
Method Percentage
Written exam 70
Report 15
Class test administered by School 15

Other information on summative assessment:
1 practical write-up (15%) and MCQ test (15%)

Formative assessment methods:

Penalties for late submission:
The Module Convener will apply the following penalties for work submitted late, in accordance with the University policy.

  • where the piece of work is submitted up to one calendar week after the original deadline (or any formally agreed extension to the deadline): 10% of the total marks available for the piece of work will be deducted from the mark for each working day (or part thereof) following the deadline up to a total of five working days;
  • where the piece of work is submitted more than five working days after the original deadline (or any formally agreed extension to the deadline): a mark of zero will be recorded.

  • The University policy statement on penalties for late submission can be found at:
    You are strongly advised to ensure that coursework is submitted by the relevant deadline. You should note that it is advisable to submit work in an unfinished state rather than to fail to submit any work.

    Length of examination:
    A one-and-half hour examination requiring the students to answer 30 multiple choice questions (5 options) and one essay from a choice of three.

    Requirements for a pass:
    A mark of 40% overall.

    Reassessment arrangements:
    Re-examination in August/September

    Last updated: 8 October 2014

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