Farm Implements before Industrialization: the eighteenth century
Farm Implements before 
Industrialization: the eighteenth century

While *new landscapes* were being created by Parliamentary enclosure, others engaged in agriculture were turning their attention to the farmerís tools.

One was Jethro Tull, who had a farm in Berkshire. In the early eighteenth century he devised the first successful seed drill, a machine for sowing seed in rows. He used this drill on his farm for several years before publicising it in his book The Horse Hoeing Husbandry, which was published in 1731, and enlarged in 1733.

Despite the publicity, few farmers showed any interest in Tullís invention before the end of the century. They felt no need, either economically or technically. This was true of most developments in agricultural implements. The design of ploughs occupied many inventive minds while farmers were slow to take up the improvements.

New types of plough had in view the improvement of draught through the soil, thus saving horse power. They introduced more iron work into the manufacture to make the plough stronger. Among the influential designs of this period were the Rotherham plough, patented by Joseph Foljambe in 1730, and the plough designed by James Small, which he publicised in his book Treatise of Ploughs and Wheel Carriages in 1784.

More farmers used the new ploughs than did Tullís seed drill. However, for new agricultural implements to become established it required increased demand for agricultural production and new manufacturing techniques.

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