Staff Profile:Dr Macarena L. Cardenas
- Dr Macarena Cardenas
- Job Title:
- Postdoctoral Research Assistant
- In charge of undertaking the palaeoecological research for the project 'Je Landscapes of southern Brazil: Ecology, History and Power in a transitional landscape during the Late Holocene'
- Day-to-day management of the tropical palaeoecological laboratory and neotropical pollen reference collection
- Assist with the supervision of undergraduate, MSc and PhD student projects, and assist with teaching on palaeoecological modules.
- Research representative in Gender and Fieldwork Group
- Committee member of the Research Committee
- Technical assistant of the Earth System Science Research Group (ESSRG)
- Coach at the Leadership coaching program
- Areas of Interest:
- Paleobotany, palaeoecology, ethnobotany
- Understanding long-term vegetation dynamics using paleoecological techniques
- Understanding the interaction between climate change, human and ecosystems
- Identifying and understanding vegetational biodiversity changes due to climate change and human impact
- Use of multi-proxy/techniques (such us pollen, charcoal, sediment analysis, wood) and interdisciplinary research
- Understanding how the environment can influence human behaviour and determinate its social activities
- Research groups / Centres:
Macarena Cárdenas has a BSc with Honours in Biology from the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile (2003), an MSc in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology with speciality in Paleoecology from the University of Chile (2006) and a PhD in Palaeoecology from The Open University, UK (2011). Macarena first started working in Palaeoecology during her research in her BSc (Hons) and she has been working in this area ever since. Besides developing experience during her studies, Macarena mastered palaeoecological techniques during her work as laboratory technician at the University of Chile and later on during her work as Research Associate for the Center of Advanced Studies of Arid Zones Research Institute ( http://www.ceaza.cl/en ) in Chile before starting her PhD. After finishing her PhD, Macarena taught Geology at Summer Schools and worked as a Processing Geophysicist at Bridgeporth before coming to SAGES at the University Reading to work in her current role as Post Doctoral Research Assistant.
Macarena's previous research has focused in understanding climatic events/change and human impact in Central and Southern Patagonia and on Hyper-diverse Amazonian Ecosystems. Her research is based upon high resolution and multi proxy approach using modern analogues and studying fossil material from profile, bogs and lake sediments. Amongst her previous research, Macarena identified and described the climatic and environmental changes that took place during megafauna extinction and human arrival in Southern Patagonia during the last deglaciation (c. 17,000 cal yrs BP) as well as the massive landscape disturbance that happened during the European settlement (c. 1890 AD) in the same area. On the other hand, Macarena's following research was based on the fossil record from sediments obtained in a western Amazonian profile in Ecuador that dated back to up to 500,000 years of age. The study of western Amazonia sediments allowed her to determinate for the first time the environmental characteristics of the environment in the western Amazonia area during the previous Interglacial-Glacial cycle. This last study revealed the changes of biodiversity and forest type in the Amazon that seemed to be linked to global climatic change as well as the important difference that exists with the vegetation currently present in the area. More information about this research can be found here.
Macarena's current research, 'Je Old Landscapes of Southern Brazil' is focused on understanding the creation and transformation of southern east Brazil landscapes and their relationship with the emergence of social complexity during the past two millennia. This is an interdisciplinary project that integrates archaeology, ethnography and palaeoecology. Specifically Macarena is looking at the relationship between Je groups and the transformation of the landscape, understanding their organisational regional scale in different ecological zones and their role in the expansion of Araucaria pine forest. Visit the project's facebook page by clicking here.
Macarena also values and honours delivering knowledge. She has a wide experience in tutoring and teaching at university level, including tutoring students for learning palynology and charcoal processing, analysis and interpretation (University of Chile). Her teaching experience involves teaching in Summer schools (Geology and Languages in Chile and UK), and in classrooms and laboratory for Botany, Microbiology, Geology and Language.
YNumber of items: 10.
- Robinson, M., Iriarte, J., de Souza, J., Corteletti, R., Ulguim, P., Fradley, M., Cardenas, M., De Blasis, P., Mayle, F. and Scunderlick, D. (2016) Moieties and mortuary mounds: dualism at a mound and enclosure complex in the southern Brazilian Highlands. Latin American Antiquity. ISSN 1045-6635 (In Press)
- Iriarte, J., Smith, R. J., de Souza, J. G., Mayle, F. E., Whitney, B. S., Cardenas, M. L., Singarayer, J., Carson, J. F., Roy, S. and Valdes, P. (2016) Out of Amazonia: late-Holocene climate change and the Tupi–Guarani trans-continental expansion. The Holocene. ISSN 0959-6836 doi: 10.1177/0959683616678461
- de Souza, J. G., Robinson, M., Corteletti, R., Cárdenas, M. L., Wolf, S., Iriarte, J., Mayle, F. and DeBlasis, P. (2016) Understanding the chronology and occupation dynamics of oversized pit houses in the southern Brazilian highlands. PLoS ONE, 11 (7). e0158127. ISSN 1932-6203 doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0158127
- Cárdenas, M. L., Robinson, M., Corteletti, R., Ulguim, P., Gregório de Souza, J., Iriarte, J., Mayle, F. E., Scunderlick Eloy de Farias, D. and DeBlasis, P. (2015) Integrating archaeology and palaeoecology to understand Jê landscapes in southern Brazil. Antiquity Project Gallery, 348.
- Cárdenas, M. L., Gosling, W. D., Pennington, R. T., Poole, I., Sherlock, S. C. and Mothes , P. (2014) Forests of the tropical eastern Andean flank during the middle pleistocene. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 393. pp. 76-89. ISSN 0031-0182 doi: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2013.10.009
- Moreno, P. I., Villa-Martínez, R., Cardenas, M. L. and Sagredo , E. A. (2012) Deglacial changes of the southern margin of the southern westerly winds revealed by terrestrial records from SW Patagonia (52 degrees S). Quaternary Science Reviews, 41. pp. 1-21. ISSN 0277-3791 doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.02.002
- De Porras, M. E., Maldonado, A., Abarzua, A. M., Cardenas, M. L., Francois, J. P., Martel-Cea, A., Stern, C. R., Mendez, C. and Reyes, O. (2012) Postglacial vegetation, fire and climate dynamics at Central Chilean Patagonia (Lake Shaman, 44ºS). Quaternary Science Reviews, 50. pp. 71-85. ISSN 0277-3791 doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.06.015
- Cardenas, M. L., Gosling, W. D., Sherlock, S. C., Poole, I., Pennington, R. T. and Mothes, P. (2011) Response to comment on “The response of vegetation on the Andean flank in western Amazonia to Pleistocene climate change” – M.L. Cárdenas et al., Science 331, 1055 (25 February 2011)”. Science , 333 (6051). p. 1825. ISSN 0036-8075 doi: 10.1126/science.1207888
- Cardenas, M. L., Gosling, W. D., Sherlock, S. C., Poole, I., Pennington, R. T. and Mothes, P. (2011) The response of vegetation on the Andean flank in western Amazonia to Pleistocene climate change. Science, 331 (6020). pp. 1055-1058. ISSN 0036-8075 doi: 10.1126/science.1197947
- Reyes, O., Mendez, C., Maldonado, A., Velasquez, H., Trejo, V., Cardenas, M. and Abarzua, A. M. (2009) Uso del espacio de cazadores recolectores y paleoambiente Holoceno en el Valle del Río Cisnes de Aisén, Chile. Magallania, 37 (2). pp. 91-107. ISSN 0718-2244 doi: 10.4067/S0718-22442009000200006