Staff Profile:Professor Andrew Wade

Professor Andrew Wade
Job Title:
  • Director of Research (SAGES)
  • Undergraduate Teaching: Hydrological Processes; Environmental Modelling
Areas of Interest:

Andrew's research interests cover how environmental change affects water availability, quality and the freshwater ecology in river systems. Specifically these interests fall into 4 themes:

  1. Environmental modelling. Developing and applying mathematical models of coupled hydrological and biogeochemical cycling (N, P and C) at the catchment-scale and linking these models to indicators of ecosystem response. To this end, Andrew is leading the integrated biophysical modelling component of the on-going EU FP7 project REFRESH - adaptive strategies to mitigate the impacts of climate change on European freshwater ecosystems, working with colleagues from 25 partner institutions across Europe (2010-2014). In addition, Andrew is leading the NERC Macronutrients project, Turf2Surf together with Bridget Emmett from CEH and Colin Jago from Bangor University. The focus of the project is coupled nutrient cycling in terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems linked to water quality, carbon sequestration and biodiversity.
  2. Novel Technologies for Environmental Monitoring . For this Andrew was PI on the EPSRC Linking improved modelling of pollution to innovative development of sensors which progressed a new multi-determinand sensor based on microfluid dynamics with colleagues from the Hull University, Centre for Ecology and Hydrology and the Environment Agency (2009-2012).
  3. Better integration of climate and hydrology modelling for climate change impact assessment. Working with colleagues from Imperial, UCL and the British Geological Survey, Andrew is leading the Reading component of the NERC CWC project looking at the Hydrological extremes and feedbacks in the changing water cycle (2010-2013).
  4. Impacts of climate change on water availability and security in the past, present and future. Andrew worked on the Water, Life and Civilisation project funded by Leverhulme, for which he developed conceptual and mathematical models of the hydrology of the Wadi Faynan in Jordan and the looked at past water availability in the same wadi and at the Roman site of Humayma (with Rebecca Foote, John Oleson and Mohammed El Bastawesy) and the current and future availability of water in the Wadi Hasa and the upper Jordan Valley.

Postgraduate Supervision:

Recently completed and current PhD topics supervised by Andrew are: New insights into catchment biogeochemical processing gained from high-frequency water quality data; Quantifying the impacts of data input uncertainty upon modelled river-system hydrochemistry; surface water-groundwater interactions in a floodplain of the Thames, and modelling catchment-scale phosphorus dynamics.

Andrew is keen to discuss proposals for postgraduate research in the study of the following topics:

  • The use of high-frequency water chemistry measurements to investigate river-system biogeochemical processes;
  • The integration of measurements and models to better understand biogeochemical processes and the links to ecosystem structure, function and biodiversity.

For further information please contact

Research groups / Centres:

Key Facts

Andrew Wade has a BSc in Physics from the University of Leicester, an MSc from the University of Newcastle and a PhD in Physical Geography from the University of Aberdeen, where he studied the factors and processes controlling the water chemistry of a major, upland UK catchment, the Dee in NE Scotland developing an approach to assess flow-related changes in streamwater acidity across the upland section of the Dee catchment. Whilst working on his PhD, Andrew was employed as a Higher Scientific Officer at the Macaulay Institute, spending periods at the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Andrew joined the University of Reading in 1998 as a Research Fellow, and after a working for EDS Limted from 2002-2003 was appointed Senior Research Fellow in 2003 and then Reader in 2007. On joining the University of Reading, Andrew worked with Prof. Paul Whitehead and Prof. George Hornberger (University of Van der Built) to create an in-stream model of phosphorus and macrophyte dynamics, and further developed a catchment-scale nitrogen model (INCA-N) with EU FP5 funding and a new catchment-scale phosphorus model (INCA-P).

He led the development of the integrated catchment modelling approaches as part of EU FP6 Euro-limpacs project editing special issues for Hydrology and Earth System Science and the Science of the Total Environment on the subject of monitoring and modelling the impacts of global change in European freshwaters. Andrew also worked on improving models of pollutant transport and storage in UK groundwater-dominated river-systems to assess the time scales of recovery from pollutant inputs under the NERC LOCAR programme. Andrew has been asked to review aspects of the IPCC AR5.

In addition, Andrew is leading the NERC Macronutrients project, Turf2Surf together with Bridget Emmett from CEH and Colin Jago from Bangor University. The focus of the project is coupled nutrient cycling in terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems linked to water quality, carbon sequestration and biodiversity.

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Earlier Publications

Wade, A. J., Whitehead, P. G. and Butterfield, D., 2002. The Integrated Catchments model of Phosphorus dynamics (INCA-P), a new approach for multiple source assessment in heterogeneous river systems: model structure and equations. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 6, 583-606.

Wade, A .J., Durand, P., Beaujouan, V., Wessel, W. W., Raat, K. J., Whitehead, P. G., Butterfield, D., Rankinen, K. and Lepisto, A., 2002. Towards a generic nitrogen model of European ecosystems: INCA, new model structure and equations. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 6, 559-582.

Wade, A. J., Whitehead, P. G. and O'Shea, L. C. M., 2002. The prediction and management of aquatic nitrogen pollution across Europe: An introduction to the Integrated Nitrogen in European Catchments project (INCA). Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 6, 299-313.

Jarvie, H. P., Wade, A. J., Butterfield, D., Whitehead, P. G., Tindall, C. I., Virtue, W. A., Dryburgh, W. and McGraw, A., 2002. Modelling nitrogen dynamics and distributions in the River Tweed, Scotland: an application of the INCA model. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 6, 433-453.

Whitehead, P. G., Lapworth, D. J., Skeffington, R. A. and Wade, A., 2002. Excess nitrogen leaching and C/N decline in the Tillingbourne catchment, southern England: INCA process modelling for current and historic time series. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 6, 455-466.

Soulsby C, Gibbins C, Wade A. J., Smart R and Helliwell R. 2002. Water quality in the Scottish uplands: a hydrological perspective on catchment hydrochemistry. Sci. Total Environ., 294 (1-3), 73-94.

Wade, A. J., Whitehead, P. G., Hornberger, G. M., Jarvie, H. P. and Flynn. N., 2002. On modelling the impacts of phosphorus stripping at sewage works on in-stream phosphorus and macrophyte/epiphyte dynamics: a case study of the river Kennet. Sci. Total Environ., 282/283, 395-415.

Wade, A. J., Whitehead, P. G., Hornberger, G. M., Jarvie, H. P. and Flynn, N. 2002. On modelling the flow controls on macrophyte and epiphyte dynamics in a lowland permeable catchment: the River Kennet, southern England. Sci. Total Env., 282/283, 375-393.

Wade, A. J. and Neal, C. 2002. Calcite saturation in the River Dee. Sci. Total Env., 282/283, 327-340.
Neal, C., Jarvie, H.P., Wade, A .J. and Whitehead, P.G. 2002. Water quality functioning of lowland permeable catchments: inferences from an intensive study of the River Kennet and upper River Thames. Sci. Total Env., 282/283, 471-490.

Flynn, N.J., Snook, D.L., Wade, A. J. and Jarvie, H.P., 2002. Macrophyte and periphyton dynamics in a UK Chalk stream: the River Kennet case study. Sci. Tot. Environ., 282/283, 143-157.
Jarvie, H.P., Neal, C., Williams, R.J., Neal, M., Wickham, H., Hill, L.K., Wade, A.J., Warwick, A. and White, J., 2002. Phosphorus sources, speciation and dynamics in a lowland eutrophic Chalk river; the River Kennet, UK. Sci. Total Env., 282/283, 175-203.

Wade, A. J., Neal, C., Soulsby, C., Langan, S. J and Smart, R. P., 2001 On modelling the effects of afforestation on acidification in heterogeneous catchments at different spatial and temporal scales. J. Hydrol., 250, 149-169.

Wade, A. J., Hornberger, G. M., Whitehead, P. G., Jarvie, H. P. and Flynn, N. 2001. On modelling the mechanisms that control instream phosphorus and macrophyte dynamics: an assessment of a new model using General Sensitivity Analysis. Water Resour. Res., 37, 2777-2792.

Smart R. P., Soulsby, C., Cresser, M. S., Wade, A. J., Townend J, Billett, M. F., Langan, S., 2001. Riparian zone influence on stream water chemistry at different spatial scales: a GIS-based modelling approach, an example for the Dee, NE Scotland., Sci. Total Env., 280 (1-3), 173-193.

Wade, A. J., Soulsby, C., Langan, S. J., Whitehead, P. G., Edwards, A. C., Butterfield, D., Smart, R. P., Cook, Y and Owen, R. P. 2001. Modelling instream nitrogen variability on the Dee catchment, NE Scotland. Sci. Tot. Env., 265 (1-3), 229-252.

Jarvie, H. P., Neal, C., Smart, R., Owen, R., Fraser, D., Forbes, I. and Wade, A. J. 2001. Use of continuous water quality records for hydrograph separation and to assess short term variability and extremes in acidity and dissolved carbon dioxide for the River Dee, Scotland. Sci. Tot. Env., 265 (1-3): 85-98.

Edwards, A. C., Cook, Y., Smart, R. and Wade, A. J., 2000. Concentrations of nitrogen and phosphorus in streams draining the mixed land-use Dee Catchment, north-east Scotland. J. Appl. Ecol., 37 (s1), 159-170.

Cresser, M. S., Smart, R., Billett, M. F., Soulsby, C., Neal, C., Wade., A., Langan, S. and Edwards, A. C., 2000. Modelling water chemistry for a major Scottish river from catchment attributes. J. Appl. Ecol., 37 (s1), 171-184.

Wade, A. J., Neal, C., Soulsby, C., Smart, R. P., Langan, S. J. and Cresser, M. S. 1999. Modelling streamwater quality under varying hydrological conditions at different spatial scales. J. Hydrol., 217 (3-4): 266-284.

Smart, R. P., Soulsby, C., Neal, C., Wade, A. J., Cresser, M. S., Billett, M. F., Langan, S. J., Edwards, A. C., Jarvie, H. P. and Owen, R. 1998. The factors regulating the spatial and temporal distribution of solute concentrations in a major river system in NE Scotland, Sci. Tot. Env., 221: 93-110.

Jahiruddin, M., Smart, R., Wade, A. J., Neal, C., Cresser, M. S. 1998. Factors regulating the distribution of Boron in water in the River Dee catchment in north east Scotland. Sci. Tot. Env., 210/211: 53-62.

Neal, C., Robson, A. J., Wass, P., Wade, A. J., Ryland, G. P., Leach, D. V. and Leeks, G. J. L. 1998. Major, minor, trace element and suspended sediment variations in the River Derwent. Sci. Tot. Env. 210/211: 163-172.

White, C. C., Smart, R., Stutter, M., Cresser, M. S., Billett, M. F., Elias, E. A., Soulsby, C., Langan, S., Edwards, A. C., Wade, A. J., Ferrier, R. C., Neal, C., Jarvie, H. and Owen, R., 1998. A novel index of susceptibility of rivers and their catchments to acidification in regions subject to a maritime influence. Applied Geochemistry, 14 (8), 1093-1099.

Langan, S. J., Wade, A. J., Smart, R., Edwards, A. C., Soulsby, C., Billett, M. F., Jarvie, H. P., Cresser, M. S., Owen, R. and Ferrier, R. C. 1997. The prediction and management of water quality in a relatively unpolluted major Scottish catchment: current issues and experimental approaches. Sci. Tot. Env., 194/195: 419-435.

Wade, A. J., Jarvie, H. P., Neal, C., Prior, H., Whitehead, P. G. and Johnes, P. J. 2001 Nutrient Monitoring, Simulation and Management within a Major Lowland UK River System: The Kennet. Modsim 2001, Canberra, Australia.

Wade, A. J., Langan, S. J., Soulsby, C., Smart, R. Edwards, A. C., Jarvie, H. P. and Cresser, M. S. 1998. Impacts of land use and flow on nitrate concentrations and fluxes of an upland river system in north east Scotland. Proceedings of Headwater '98, the Fourth International Conference on Headwater Control, Merano, Italy: 127-137.

Cresser, M., Dikko, A., Wade, A. J. and Smart, R. P. 1997. Factors influencing Cu and Zn concentration in rivers in north east Scotland. In: Workshop on Critical Limits and Effect Based Approaches for Heavy Metals and Persistent Organic Pollutants. Bad Harzburg, Germany, 3-7 November, 1997. UN ECE Convention on Long-Range Trans-boundary Air Pollution Task Force on Mapping, Umweltbundesamt, Germany.

Dikko, A.U., Smart, R., Wade, A. J. and Cresser, M. S., Possible effects of losses in drainage water on the copper and zinc status of Scottish upland soils and their sustainability. ITC Journal: Special Congress Issue: Geo-information for Sustainable Land Management, 3/4 (1997), published on CD-ROM.


Phd (Aberdeen); MSc (Newcastle Upon Tyne); BSc (Leicester)
Andrew Wade

Contact Details

+44 (0) 118 378 7315

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