The Food Standards Agency has received an application from the Holland Sweetener Company seeking approval to market aspartame - acesulfame salt in the UK.
Comments on the proposal are required by 15 August 2002.
The Company's request
The Holland Sweetener Company has requested approval to market aspartame - acesulfame salt as a sweetener in the UK. In line with the provisions of the relevant European legislation, the approval would be for a period of two years pending consideration of the company's application for European Union (EU) wide approval of the product.
The relevant legislation for the approval of sweeteners within the EU is as follows:
The provisions of the Sweeteners Directive are implemented in the UK by the Sweeteners in Food Regulations 1995 (as amended).
Article 5 of the Food Additives Framework Directive permits any Member State to provisionally authorise the marketing and use of an additive within its territory which is not included in the relevant list (i.e. the list of permitted additives in the relevant directive). Such authorisation is permitted for a maximum of two years, during which time the applicant is required to seek EU-wide approval. The Member State must also ensure that foodstuffs containing the additive are officially monitored.
In February 1999, the Holland Sweetener Company officially applied for approval of aspartame - acesulfame salt on an EU-wide basis. The European Commission's Scientific Committee on Food (SCF) has advised on the safety of this salt (see below). The Commission has already taken the first steps towards issuing a formal proposal for various amendments to the EC Sweeteners Directive, including the addition of aspartame - acesulfame salt to the list of approved sweeteners. However, the process for legal adoption of these amendments is complex and the timetable for completion is uncertain.
The product is a chemical combination of the two intense sweeteners aspartame (E951) and acesulfame K (E950) at an equivalent mixture of 1:1
For the purposes of ingredient listing, the product would be known as 'aspartame - acesulfame salt'. As the salt is not yet approved for use in the EU it does not have an 'E' number.
The SCF is the independent scientific committee that advises the European Commission on questions concerning consumer health and food safety. In March 2000, the SCF gave its opinion on the safety of this salt. It considered that:
"a) the salt represents an alternative source of aspartame and acesulfame ions to the two already permitted sources (E951 and E950), b) potential exposure is the same with an equivalent blend of aspartame and acesulfame-K, c) the use of this substance raises no additional safety considerations the Committee regards as acceptable the use of aspartame-acesulfame salt as an additive.
It should be ensured that consumption of this substance is taken into account when estimating intakes of aspartame and acesulfame-K in relation to the ADIs for these substances."
A copy of the SCF's statement can be seen on the European Commission's website at:
The Food Additives Framework Directive requires that new additives are approved only where there can be demonstrated a reasonable technological need and where there are demonstrable advantages of benefit to the consumer - commonly referred to as the 'case of need'. Intense sweeteners have benefits for those wishing to reduce their sugar or calorie intake and for diabetics. The manufacturer claims the following consumer and industry benefits for aspartame - acesulfame salt when compared with a physical mixture of the two individual sweeteners:
Once the consultation period has been completed, the Agency intends to proceed as follows: