Food Standards Agency Chairman Sir John Krebs, who also chaired the review, said: " BSE has caused a harrowing and invariably fatal disease for humans. No other food-borne disease is currently surrounded by so much uncertainty and carries such dreadful consequences. It is vitally important for public confidence that the risks associated with BSE, and the actions taken to manage those risks, are fully exposed to public scrutiny. By holding our review in public we have brought to light loopholes in existing controls and are taking action to close them. The FSA will continue to evaluate the BSE controls. We will scrutinise new scientific results as they emerge, as well as new information on enforcement. We will not hesitate to take further action, based on the evidence, to protect public health."
The reports main recommendations are:
The review drew attention to issues related to imported beef and beef products and the difficulty in policing the current rules. The principle applied is that imports should not carry a significantly greater risk than domestic produce. During the course of the review the FSA instructed local authorities to step up enforcement measures on imported beef.
During the course of the review the European Commission adopted recommendations from the FSA on tightening BSE controls in EU countries. These are to come into force from 1 January 2001 and, subject to effective enforcement, will improve the safeguards on imported beef and beef products by preventing over thirty month cattle from entering the food chain unless they have tested negative for BSE.
The 60-page report, which went through three drafts and four months of public consultation, attracted a large public audience. The dedicated website has had half a million hits. Hundreds of people have sent in their observations and hundreds more have attended consultation meetings. A special stakeholders group made up of representatives from consumer groups, the meat and food industry, the academic and scientific community as well as Government departments considered the drafts. The findings of the Phillips BSE Inquiry have also been taken into account.