Commission Press Release (IP/02/1776), 29 November 2002
Today the Commission adopted a proposal to amend Directive 95/2, dealing with food additives other than colours and sweeteners. The amendment proposes the harmonisation at EU level of the use of food additives in flavourings in order to reduce unfair competition in this area and better serve the consumer. At the same time, the use of one new food additive will be allowed, as well as new uses of already authorised food additives.
"Food additives are useful in a number of ways they can preserve nutritional quality, prolong durability and improve the taste and texture of food. Their authorisation for use is subject to a scientific safety evaluation and it is according to such evaluations that we can propose new uses, as we are doing today" said Commissioner David Byrne, responsible for Health and Consumer Protection. "In addition, our proposal for the harmonisation of legislation for additives in flavourings is an important step to ensure the same levels of consumer protection in all member states and fair competition in such flavourings."
The use of food additives is harmonised, which means that it is legislated on at EU-level rather than national level and only substances that are explicitly authorised may be used. Prior to their authorisation, food additives undergo an extensive safety evaluation by the Scientific Committee on Food, the independent scientific body that advises the Commission in matters related to food safety. In addition to safety, additives are examined in terms of whether or not they are needed and whether or not their use might mislead the consumer. The Commission now proposes to adapt the current legislation in the light of recent technical and scientific developments, proposing to allow the use of one new food additive hydrogenated poly-1-decene, to withdraw a few previously authorised additives and to allow some new uses of some already authorised food additives. Hydrogenated poly-1-decene is a colourless, odourless and tasteless inert product. It is proposed for use as a glazing agent in confectionery and dried fruit to provide a protective coating. The Scientific Committee on Food opinion on hydrogenated-poly-1-decene can be read here: http://europa.eu.int/comm/food/fs/sc/scf/out95_en.pdf
Food additives are also used in flavourings, for example to preserve flavour. The lack of harmonisation at the EU level has meant that the use of additives in flavourings varies between the Member States, hindering the free movement of flavourings and foodstuffs containing these flavourings, creating conditions of unfair competition as well as potential differences in consumer protection. For this reason the present proposal also aims to harmonise EU legislation on additives necessary for the storage and use of flavourings. This will ensure the functioning of the internal market, a high level of protection of human health and the protection of consumer interests.
Now the proposal will go to the Council and to the European Parliament for adoption under the co-decision procedure.