Dr David Jukes, The University of Reading, UK

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Food Law News - FAO / WHO / WTO / Codex - 2017

Codex News Item, 19 July 2017

ENFORCEMENT - FAO/WHO Food Control System Assessment Tool

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO) have jointly developed a tool to help countries assess their National Food Control Systems (NFCS). The tool is to be launched publicly soon, as its second pilot version has been successfully implemented.

Ensuring investment leads to improvement

On the margins of the 40th Session of the Codex Alimentarius Commission (CAC40), Renata Clarke, Head of the FAO Food Safety and Quality Unit, highlighted that the tool facilitates making informed decisions about investments on food control, and promotes clear accountability among the different agencies in the food control chain and between donors and governments, thus ensuring that investments lead to concrete improvement.

 “The NFCS Assessment Tool is aligned with Codex texts, in particular those of CCFICS. So it is our tool!” Clarke concluded.

Catherine Bessy, FAO Food Safety and Quality Officer, reminded delegates that the work behind the development of the tool, including the 2003 FAO/WHO Guidelines for Food Control Systems, the Codex Principles and Guidelines of National Food Control Systems (CAC/GL 82-2013) and the Principles and Guidelines for Monitoring the Performance of National Food Control Systems, presented for adoption at step 5/8 at the present CAC.

She recalled that a thorough review of similar tools has been conducted to integrate best practices, including the IPPC Phytosanitary Capacity Evaluation (PCE) tool and the OIE Tool for the Evaluation of Performance of Veterinary Services and/or Aquatic Animal Health Services (PVS), but also other tools developed by IICA, International Health Regulations and the recent Codex Trust Fund Tool 2.

 “The tool revolves around the notion of Competent Authorities (of which performance is assessed) and continuous improvement”, concluded Bessy.

Afsaneh MohammadShafii of WHO explained the objectives of the assessments conducted with the tool: to measure performance of NFCS with a baseline and indicators, and to identify priorities providing a basis for communication with decision makers. In doing so, the Competent Authorities improve their understanding of the different competencies and of the need for efficient collaboration and information sharing, as well as the value of a risk-based approach (e.g. how to categorize risky products). She further recalled that ratings are not provided at the CA level but at system level, ensuring the ownership and confidentiality of data.

 “While Competent Authorities are the primary responsible of this assessment, all stakeholders involved in the food control system along the entire food chain need to get engaged”,  said MohammadShafii

Identifying and measuring gaps in national systems

Two countries presented their positive experiences in using the tool while in test phase.

 “In Zimbabwe, the assessment was conducted to identify and measure gaps in the NFCS and prioritize efforts and investments for improvement”, said Victor K. Nyamandi of Zimbabwe, who also reflected on the challenges to improve NFCS, including defensive attitude of stakeholders and inadequate legislation, and that following the assessment through the NFCS tool, a project was funded by FAO to address identified weaknesses in the NFCS.

Tepy Usia of Indonesia said “Our assessment of NFCS was conducted across a wide range of stakeholders, resulting in updated food control system elements”.

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