Quantitative Declaration of Ingredients (QUID)

General Requirement (Article 22(1))

Subject to the exmptions given below, the indication of the quantity of an ingredient or category of ingredients used in the manufacture or preparation of a food is required where the ingredient or category of ingredients concerned:

(a) appears in the name of the food or is usually associated with that name by the consumer;
(b) is emphasised on the labelling in words, pictures or graphics; or
(c) is essential to characterise a food and to distinguish it from products with which it might be confused because of its name or appearance.

Exceptions to the General Requirement (Annex VIII (1) and (2))

The quantitative indication is not required:

(a) in respect of an ingredient or category of ingredients:

(i) the drained net weight of which is indicated in accordance with point 5 of Annex IX (see Quantity Marking);
(ii) the quantities of which must already appear on the labelling under Union provisions;
(iii) which is used in small quantities for the purposes of flavouring; or
(iv) which, while appearing in the name of the food, is not such as to govern the choice of the consumer in the country of marketing because the variation in quantity is not essential to characterise the food or does not distinguish it from similar foods;

(b) where specific Union provisions stipulate precisely the quantity of an ingredient or of a category of ingredients without providing for the indication thereof on the labelling; or

(c) in the cases referred to in points 4 and 5 of Part A of Annex VII. These points refer to:

Points (a) and (b) of the General Requirement above do not apply in the case of:

(a) any ingredient or category of ingredients covered by the indication ‘with sweetener(s)’ or ‘with sugar(s) and sweetener(s)’ if that indication accompanies the name of the food due to a legal requirement (see 'Annex III Requirements' under Additional Requirements); or
(b) any added vitamin and mineral if that substance is subject to a nutrition declaration.

How to provide a QUID declaration (Annex VIII (3) and (4))

The indication of quantity of an ingredient or category of ingredients shall:

(a) be expressed as a percentage, which shall correspond to the quantity of the ingredient or ingredients at the time of its/their use; and
(b) appear either in or immediately next to the name of the food or in the list of ingredients in connection with the ingredient or category of ingredients in question.

Exemptions to this are permitted in the following cases:

(a) where foods have lost moisture following heat treatment or other treatment, the quantity shall be expressed as a percentage which shall correspond to the quantity of the ingredient(s) used, related to the finished product, unless that quantity or the total quantity of all the ingredients indicated on the labelling exceeds 100 %, in which case the quantity shall be indicated on the basis of the weight of the ingredient(s) used to prepare 100 g of finished product;

(b) the quantity of volatile ingredients shall be indicated on the basis of their proportion by weight in the finished product;

(c) the quantity of ingredients used in concentrated or dehydrated form and reconstituted during manufacture may be indicated on the basis of their proportion by weight as recorded before their concentration or dehydration;

(d) in the case of concentrated or dehydrated foods which are intended to be reconstituted by the addition of water, the quantity of the ingredients may be indicated on the basis of their proportion by weight in the reconstituted product.

Example - Cheese and Tomato Quiche
Example - Yogurt Coated Nuts and Raisins

Note: More detailed guidance on QUID labelling can be found in the document: 'Guidance Notes on Quantitative Ingredient Declarations (QUID)' (see the Links page)