Staff Profile:Professor Eleanor Dickey, F.B.A.
- Professor Eleanor Dickey
- Job Title:
- Professor of Classics
- Teaching CL1TR and CLMACAH
- Research grant officer
- Areas of Interest:
I grew up in the US and attended Bryn Mawr College in Pennsylvania (BA and MA 1989) before doing doctoral work with Anna Morpurgo Davies at Oxford (MPhil Balliol 1991, DPhil Merton 1994). I began studying Greek at age 18; this gives me particular sympathy with students who begin languages at university. After Oxford I taught at the University of Ottawa in Canada (1995-9), Columbia University in New York (1999-2007), and the University of Exeter (2007-13) before coming to Reading in 2013. I have spent periods of leave at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton (1998-9), the Center for Hellenic Studies in Washington DC (2002-3), All Souls College Oxford (2005-6) and Merton College Oxford (2006), to all of which institutions I am very grateful; I am also very grateful to the Mellon Foundation, the government of Ontario, the AHRC, the British Academy, and Leverhulme for additional funding. I am married to Philomen Probert, a classical linguist at Wolfson College Oxford - and I'm very grateful to her too!
I am interested in pretty much everything, especially the ancient world and its languages and literatures; the common thread connecting my different research projects is a desire to use rigorous, fact-based analysis (often, but by no means always, of language) to shed new light on literary texts and on the world and thought processes of the people who wrote those texts. Over the years my research has focused on the sociolinguistics of Greek and Latin (how factors like age, gender, and social class influenced the language that ancient speakers used), the history of Greek and Latin (their development from Indo-European through the ancient languages we usually study to the modern Romance languages and modern Greek), how those languages were taught and analysed in antiquity (ancient scholarship and language teaching in antiquity), and language contact in antiquity (especially Greek speakers learning Latin and the influence of Latin on Greek). Some of my work is interdisciplinary, involving both Classics and linguistics.
My first book (Greek Forms of Address, Oxford University Press 1996) concerns the forms of address (vocatives) one ancient Greek would use to another and attempts to answer questions such as: who used which vocatives, and to whom? What overtones did particular addresses convey? Why could men but not women be addressed as 'human being'? What extant literary works give us the closest approximation of ordinary conversational usage in this respect?
My second book (Latin Forms of Address, Oxford University Press 2002, paperback 2007) deals with similar questions in Latin - but the answers are usually different.
My third book (Ancient Greek Scholarship, Oxford University Press 2007) concerns the dictionaries, commentaries, and grammars written by ancient Greek scholars, and the marginalia via which they come down to us. It is a textbook designed to teach anyone with a basic reading knowledge of Greek to deal with this material, so it contains not only a narrative history of ancient scholarship and where that scholarship can be found, but also a detailed explanation of its linguistic peculiarities, a glossary of grammatical terminology, and a reader containing numerous passages with commentary for translation practice.
My fourth and fifth books (The Colloquia of the Hermeneumata Pseudodositheana, Cambridge University Press 2012-15) are an edition, translation, and commentary on a text that is much more fun than its name makes it sound. The colloquia are an elementary Latin reader composed for ancient Greeks learning Latin during the Roman empire; they contain little dialogues on topics like how to buy food, borrow money, hold a dinner party, or have an argument. They provide a rare insight into daily life in the Roman empire but have long been neglected because they had never been translated and because even the editions of the text in the original languages were flawed. I have located the best manuscripts, which had not previously been used, and produced a new edition based on a comprehensive study of the entire Hermeneumata tradition, as well as a translation and commentary.
A work presenting the Colloquia and other ancient language-learning materials for modern students, entitled Learning Latin the Ancient Way, has been accepted by Cambridge and should be published in 2016. An elementary Latin textbook based on the ancient materials, Learn Latin from the Romans, is also forthcoming from Cambridge (2017), and a Greek prose composition textbook (Introduction to the Composition and Analysis of Greek Prose) should be appearing by the end of 2015.
My main current research project is a study of the influence of Latin on Greek during the Roman empire, particularly Latin loanwords that were integrated into Greek to the extent of being used by Greek speakers who did not speak Latin; I am trying to understand what types of words the Greeks borrowed as well as when, why, and how those borrowings occurred and what they tell us about Greek and Roman culture at the time when the borrowing occurred.
I love research and am proud of my books, but I love teaching even more, because it enables me to pass on to others the precious gift my teachers gave me, namely knowing Latin and Greek really well. In addition to Reading, I teach regularly at the JACT Greek summer school in Bryanston, where in 2010 I co-directed a student performance of Alcestis in Greek. I also run the Reading Ancient Schoolroom, an annual re-creation of the ancient school experience for modern students (see www.readingancientschoolroom.com).
Note: the list of publications below is not complete. For a full list see https://reading.academia.edu/EleanorDickey.
- Research groups / Centres:
- Language, Text, and Power
- Recent Publications:
YYNumber of items: 9.
- Dickey, E. (2016) Emotional language and formulae of persuasion in Greek papyrus letters. In: Sanders, E. and Johncock, M. (eds.) Emotion and Persuasion in Classical Antiquity. Franz Steiner Verlag, Stuttgart, pp. 237-262. ISBN 9783515113618 (In Press)
- Dickey, E. (2016) Learning Latin the ancient way: Latin textbooks from the ancient world. Cambridge University Press, pp197. ISBN 9781107093607
- Dickey, E. (2015) Columnar translation: an ancient interpretive tool that the Romans gave the Greeks. Classical Quarterly, 65 (2). pp. 807-821. ISSN 0009-8388 doi: 10.1017/S0009838815000087
- Dickey, E. (2015) The sources of our knowledge of ancient scholarship. In: Montanari, F., Matthaios, S. and Rengakos, A. (eds.) Brill's Companion to Ancient Greek Scholarship. Brill, pp. 459-514. ISBN 9789004245945
- Dickey, E. (2015) Teaching Latin to Greek speakers in antiquity. In: Archibald, E.P., Brockliss, W. and Gnoza, J. (eds.) Learning Latin and Greek from antiquity to the present. Yale Classical Studies, 37. Cambridge University Press, pp. 30-51. ISBN 9781107051645
- Dickey, E. (2015) The Colloquia of the Hermeneumata Pseudodositheana II:Colloquium Harleianum, Colloquium Montepessulanum, Colloquium Celtis, and fragments. Cambridge Classical Texts and Commentaries. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. ISBN 9781107065390
- Dickey, E. (2015) How Coptic speakers learned Latin? A reconsideration of P. Berol. inv 10582. Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik, 193. pp. 65-77. ISSN 0084-5388
- Dickey, E. (2015) How to say 'please' in post-Classical Latin: Fronto and the importance of archaism. Journal of Latin Linguistics, 14 (1). pp. 17-31. ISSN 2194-8747 doi: 10.1515/joll-2015-0002
- Probert, P. and Dickey, E. (2015) The ϝhεδιέστας inscription from archaic Argos (SEG 11:314): a reconsideration. Journal of Hellenic Studies, 135. pp. 110-131. ISSN 0075-4269 doi: 10.1017/S0075426915000099