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The ModFOLD server version 4.0 help page

This page contains simple guidelines for using the new version of the ModFOLD server, sample input data which may be downloaded and submitted and examples of output from the server.

Guidelines for using the server

The ModFOLD server version 4.0 requires the amino acid sequence of your target protein and either a single 3D model file in PDB format or a tarball containing a directory of multiple separate model files in PDB format.

If you also decide to provide your email address then you will be sent a link to the graphical results and machine readable results when your predictions are completed. However, if you do not provide your email address then you must bookmark the results page and so that you may refer to the results when they become available.

Required - Sequence Data

In the text box labelled "Input sequence of protein target" please carefully paste in the full amino acid sequence for your target protein in single letter format. An example sequence (CASP10 target T0658) is shown below:

Sample sequence:
It is important that you provide the full sequence that corresponds to the sequence of residue coordinates in the model file. If your model does not contain numbering that corresponds directly to the order of residues in the sequence file then the server will attempt to renumber the residues in the model files accordingly. However, if there are residues in any model file that are not contained in the provided sequence then the prediction for that model will not complete.

Required - Model Data

Using the file selector labelled "Upload model/models" you may either upload a single PDB file (to obtain quality predictions for a single model), or multiple PDB files (to obtain quality predictions for many alternative models) in the form of a tarball (a tarred and gzipped directory).

Please ensure that each PDB file contains the coordinates for one model only. Please do not upload a single PDB file containing the coordinates for multiple alternative NMR models. The coordinates for multiple models should always be uploaded as a tarred and gzipped directory of separate files.

The server will attempt to automatically renumber the ATOM records in each model in order to match the residue positions in the sequence i.e. the coordinates for the first residue in the sequence will be renumbered "1" in each model file (if they aren't already), the coordinates for the second residue in the sequence will be numbered "2", and so on.

Sample PDB file:
An example file containing a single model for the sample sequence shown above can be downloaded below:

Example of model built for CASP10 target T0658: MULTICOM-REFINE_TS4

Sample Tarball file:
The tarball should contain a directory of separate PDB files for your target sequence. This file should be similar in format to the tarballs of 3D models found on the CASP website.
An example tarball file containing multiple models for the sample sequence shown above can be downloaded below:

Tarball of multiple server models for CASP10 target T0658: T0658.3D.srv.tar.gz

Steps to produce a tarball file for your own 3D models:
Linux/MacOS/Irix/Solaris/other Unix users
  1. Tar up the directory containing your PDB files e.g. type the following at the command line: tar cvf my_models.tar my_models/
  2. Gzip the tar file e.g. gzip my_models.tar
  3. Upload the gzipped tar file (e.g. my_models.tar.gz) to the ModFOLD server
Windows users
In Windows you can use a free application such as 7-zip to tar and gzip your models.
  1. Download, install and run 7-zip
  2. Select the directory (folder) of model files to add to the .tar file, click "Add", select the "tar" option as the "Archive format:" and save the file as something memorable e.g. my_models.tar
  3. Select the tar file, click "Add" and then select the "GZip" option as the "Archive format:" - the file should then be saved as my_models.tar.gz
  4. Upload the the gzipped tar file (e.g. my_models.tar.gz) to the ModFOLD server

Optional - E-mail address

If you wish, you may provide your e-mail address. You will be sent a link to the graphical results and machine readable results when your predictions are completed.

Optional - Short name for sequence

If you wish, you may assign a short memorable name to your prediction job. This is useful so that you can identify particular jobs in your mailbox. This is particularly important because ModFOLD will not necessarily return your results in the order you submitted them. The set of characters you can use for the filename are restricted to letters A-Z (either case), the numbers 0-9 and the following other characters: .~_-

The name you specify will be included in the subject line of the e-mail messages sent to you from the server.

Output from the server

The ModFOLD server version 4.0 produces a results table containing numerical and graphical prediction results. The raw machine readable prediction data is also provided in CASP QA (QMODE2) format

Examples of output:
  1. ModFOLD4 results for a single 3D model (CASP10 target T0658)
  2. ModFOLD4 results for multiple 3D models (CASP10 target T0658)
The results table is ranked according to decreasing global model quality score. The global model quality scores range between 0 and 1. In general, scores less than 0.2 indicate there may be incorrectly modelled domains and scores greater than 0.4 generally indicate more complete and confident models, which are highly similar to the native structure. If the global model quality scores are low, then the per-residue scores can give you an idea of specific domains or regions in your protein that might be correctly modelled.

From the global scores we can calculate a p-value which represents the probability that each model is incorrect. That is to say, that for a given predicted model quality score, the p-value is the proportion of models with that score that do not share any similarity with the the native structure (TM-score < 0.2). Each model is also assigned a colour coded confidence level depending on the p-value:

P-value cut-offConfidenceDescription
p < 0.001CERTLess than a 1/1000 chance that the model is incorrect.
p < 0.01HIGHLess than a 1/100 chance that the model is incorrect.
p < 0.05MEDIUMLess than a 1/20 chance that the model is incorrect.
p < 0.1LOWLess than a 1/10 chance that the model is incorrect.
p > 0.1POORLikely to be a poor model with little or no similarity to the native structure.
The per-residue scores indicate the predicted distance (in Angstroms) between the CA atom of the residue in the model and the CA atom of the equivalent residue in the native structure. Thumbnail images of plots depicting the per-residue error versus residue number are included in each row in the results table. Each of the thumbnails links to a page that displays a larger view of the plot and contains a further link to download a PostScript version. Each row in the table also displays a thumbnail of the 3D cartoon view of the model which is colour coded with the residue error according to the RasMol temperature colouring scheme. Each small image also links to a page that shows a larger image of the 3D view and contains a link to download a PDB file of the model with residue accuracy predictions (Angstroms) in the B-factor column. The model is also loaded into a Jmol applet for convenient interactive viewing of per-residue errors within the browser.

How long will I have to wait for my results?

The time taken for a prediction will depend on the length of sequence, the number of models and the load on the server. For a single model you should receive your results back within a few hours, certainly within 24 hours. Large batches of models (several hundred) for a single target may take several days to process.

Fair usage policy

You are only allowed to have 1 job running at a time for each IP address, so please wait until your previous job completes before submitting further data. If you already have a job running then you will be notified and your uploaded data will be deleted. Once your job has completed your IP address will be unlocked and you will be able to submit new data.

Error reporting

Check the header of the machine readable results file (provided as a link at the top of the result page) for any errors that may have occured following file submission. Please email me for help if you encounter a persitent error.


Tel: 0118 378 6332 Email: l.j.mcguffin

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