Staff Profile:Professor Anna Gruetzner Robins


Professor Anna Gruetzner Robins


Position / Job Title:
Professor, Department Director of Research, Curator of the Anthony Betts Collection of Drawings



I teach undergraduate course on nineteenth century and early twentieth century art in Britain and France, exhibition histories and the London art world and Sickert and Degas. My Ph.D students have completed doctorates on the collectiong of modern art , the history of Tate, the Formation of Neo-Romanticism, nineteenth century art critics, the reception of Van Eyck in Britain and the role of confession in contemporary art.

Areas of Interest:

My research interests include Walter Richard Sickert and James McNeill Whistler, exhibition histories , Anglo-French exchange and the reception of French art in Britain. I also curate exhibitions including Modern Art in Britain 1910-1914, Barbican Art Gallery, London 1997 and Degas , Sickert and Toulouse Lautrec: London and Paris 1870-1910 , Tate Britain and The Phillips Collection, Washington, 2005-2006.

Research groups / Centres:



Single Author

2007, A Fragile Modernism: Whistler and his impressionist followers, New Haven and London: Yale University Press for the Paul Mellon Centre for Studies in British Art, 239 pp.

[Reviewed in the TLS, The Burlington Magazine, The British Art Journal]

2000, Walter Sickert. The Complete Art Criticism, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000, 699 pp.

1997, Modern Art in Britain 1910 -1914, London: Merrell Holberton, 208 pp.

1996, Walter Sickert: Drawings. Theory and Practice: Word and Image, Aldershot: Scolar Press, London, 96 pp.


2005, (with Richard Thomson) Degas, Sickert and Toulouse Lautrec: London and Paris 1870-1910, Tate Publishing: London, 2005, 231pp.



2000, co-editor with Steven Adams, and contributor, Gendering Landscape Art, Manchester University Press and Rutgers University Press. This includes my" Ain't Going Nowhere": Richard Long: global explorer', pp. 162-172.

1976, J. Johnson & A. Gruetzner (sic) eds., Dictionary of British Artists 1880-1940, Antique Collectors' Club, 1976.

Contributions to Books

2013, 'Whistler Paris Studio: Place and Meaning' in Lee Glazer and Linda Merrill, eds. Palaces of Art; Whistler and the Art Worlds of Aestheticism, Washington, Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press , pp.91-101.

2011 'Marketing Post-Impressionism: Roger Fry's commercial exhibitions' in Pamela Fletcher and Anne Helmreich, eds. The rise of the modern art market in London , 1850-1939, Manchester: Manchester University Press, pp. 85-97.

2011, ' "J'arrive de Londres": Jane Avril and Britain in Nancy Ireson, ed. Toulouse Lautrec and Jane Avril Beyond the Moulin Rouge , London: The Courtauld Gallery in Association with Paul Holberton, 2011, pp. 27-42.

2010, '"Reforming with a Pickaxe": The First Vorticist Exhibition at the Doré Galleries', in Mark Antliff, ed. Vorticism, London: Tate Publishing (4,000 word essay)

2010, 'Reflections in a Mirror: Bonnard's Aphrodite', in Amy C. Smith and Sadie Pickup, eds., Brill's Companion to Aphrodite, Leiden: Brill, 2010, pp.

2009, 'Walter Sickert and the Language of Arts', in Grace Brockington, ed., Internationalism in the Arts in Britain and Europe at the 'Fin de Siècle', Oxford: Peter Lang Publishing, 2009, pp. 27-48.

2006, 'Slabs of pink and lumps of brown': The British reaction to Monet, in Frances Fowle, ed. Monet and French Landscape: Vétheuil and Normandy, Edinburgh: National Galleries of Scotland, pp.159-171.

2005, 'Suddenly last summer: Walter Sickert and Degas's Six Friends at Dieppe', in Judith A. Singsen, ed., Edgar Degas: Six Friends at Dieppe, Providence: Museum of Art, Rhode Island School of Art, pp. 49-64. [ Reviewed The Burlington Magazine].

2004, 'A line pregnant with meaning', in Alaister Smith, ed. Walter Sickert: 'drawing is the thing', Manchester: Whitworth Art Gallery, pp.3-5.

2002, 'Living the Simple Life: George Clausen at Childwick Green, St. Albans', in David Peters Corbett and Fiona Russell, eds., The Geographies of Englishness : Landscape and the National Past 1880-1940, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, pp. 1-28.

2001, 'Impulsi impressionisti nella pittura britannica', in Renato Barilli, ed., Impressionismi in Europa, Milan: Skira, pp. 68-83.

1999, 'Fathers and Sons: Walter Sickert and Roger Fry', in Christopher Green, ed., Art Made Modern: Roger Fry's Vision of Art, London: Merrell Holberton, pp. 45-56.

1999, 'Leighton: A Promoter of New Painting?' in Frederic Leighton Antiquity, Renaissance, Modernity, ed. Tim Barringer and Elizabeth Prettejohn, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, pp.315-330.

1995,'The London Impressionists at the Goupil Gallery', in Kenneth McConkey with an essay by Anna Gruetzner Robins, Impressionism in Britain, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, pp. 87-97[ reviewed Victorian Studies].

1992, 'Sickert' Painter-in-Ordinary' to the Music-Hall', in Wendy Baron & Richard Shone, eds., Sickert, New Haven and London: Yale University Press in association with the Royal Academy of Arts, London, pp. 13-25 [ Reviewed Art History and elsewhere].

1992, 'No ordinary visitors: Dieppe at the fin-de-siecle', in John Willetts, ed., Rendez-vous à Dieppe. The Dieppe Connection. The Town and its Artists from Turner to Braque, New Haven and London: Herbert Press,1992, pp. 33-44.

1991, 'British Impressionism: The Magic and Poetry of Life Around Them', in Norma Broude, ed., World Impressionism .The International Movement, 1860-1920, New York: Abrams, 1990, pp. 70-92. French and Italian translations published 1991.

1986, 'Feuds and Factions at the New English Art Club', in The New English Art Club Centenary Exhibition, London: Christies, pp. 4-9.

1985, 'Degas and George Moore: Some Observations about the Last Impressionist Exhibition', in Richard Kendalle, ed., Degas 1834-1984, Manchester: Manchester Polytechnic, pp.32-41.

1981,'The Surrealist Object and Surrealist Sculpture', Sandy Nairne and Nicholas Serota eds., in British Sculpture in the Twentieth Century, London: Whitechapel Art Gallery, pp.112-123.

1980, 'Great Britain', in Post-Impressionism, Washington: National Gallery of

Art, pp.168-74.

1979, 'Two Reactions to French Painting in Great Britain and Ireland', in John House & Mary Anne Stevens, eds. Post-Impressionism .Cross-Currents in European Painting, London: Weidenfeld and Nicholson, pp.178-217 ( essay and catalogue entries).

1978, 'Henry Moore', in Unit One, Portsmouth: Portsmouth City Art Gallery, p.8.

1978, 'Edward John Gregory', in Douglas Druick, ed., The Other Nineteenth Century, Ottawa: National Gallery of Canada, pp.120-22.


2011 'Gwen John; Two Albums of Watercolours', Princeton University Library Chronicle, LXX11 (3) pp. 645-654.

2011'Toulouse-Lautrec in Catford: new information about 'La Chaine Simpson', The Burlington Magaziine , The Burlington Magazine, 153(1302). pp. 572-573.

2010 'Manet and the Post-Impressionists:a checklist of exhibits'.The Burlington Magazine, 152 (1293). pp. 782-793.

2007, 'George Moore's A Modern Lover: Introducing the French Impressionists in London', French Studies, Vol. 61, 2007, 47-56.

2006, 'Some Newly Discovered Sketches of Gatti's Hungerford by Sickert in Brighton Art Gallery and Museum', The Burlington Magazine, Vol. 168, 2006, 269-271.

1996, 'Leighton and British Impressionism: the Academician and the avant-garde', Apollo, February, pp.45-48.

1988,'Degas and Sickert: notes on their friendship', The Burlington Magazine, Vol. 130, 1988, pp.225-229.

1978,'Some early activities of the Surrealist Group in England', Artscribe, No.10, 1978

pp. 22-25.

Selected Conference Papers (from 2008)

2013 'Doubling Desire: Michael Field and Rossetti in the 1890s, Pre-Raphaelitism Past, Present and Future, Ashmolean Museum and St John's College, Oxford.

2013 'It's later than you think: Richard Hamilton and Duchamp : a collaboration, Victor Pasmore and Richard Hamilton, University of Newcastle.

2011 'Whistler's Paris Studio', Palaces of Art, Freer Gallery of Art, Washington.

2010,'Un souvenir de Monet: quelques impressionists britanniques dans le sud de l'Angleterre,L'Impressionnisme: du plein air au territoire, Rouen, Musée des Beaux Arts and Le Havre, Musée André Malraux, Conference organised by the Université de Rouen in connection with the above museums.

2010, 'Roger Fry and Cézanne', Russia and the Global Effect, 1900-1950 , St Petersburg , Russia.

2008, 'James Wilson Morrice - Nomad and Exile', Expatriate Modernists, Annual Conference of the Universities Art Association of Canada, University of Toronto.

2008, 'Whistler's British Followers: painting in the Industrial Age', Like Breath on Glass, Public Symposium, The Sterling and Francine Clark Institute, Williamstown Massachusetts, 18,19 October. (

2008, 'Degas's L'Absinthe', Impressionism in Scotland.

2008, 'Impressionism and Confessions of a Young Man, George Moore and his contemporaries, University of Hull.

2008, 'Degas's Interiors' Public Lecture in Connection with the exhibition Impressionist Interiors, National Gallery of Ireland.

2008, 'Looking in the Mirror: Bonnard's Aphrodite', Aphrodite Revealed , University of Reading.


I was educated at the University of Toronto (BA) and the Courtauld Institute of Art (MA and PhD). I have received research grants from the AHRC, The British Academy, Harvard University, The Leverhulme Trust , and The Paul Mellon Centre for British Art.


Postgraduate Supervision

I welcome enquiries from prospective postgraduate students in any of the above areas of interest. I have supervised post graduate theses on nineteenth century art criticism , the reception of Ol Masters in England, the formation of national collections and aspects of international exchange.

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