Professor Johnathan Hill
Areas of Interest
There are three main strands to my research, first the investigation of the long term consequences of childhood adversities for mental health and social functioning, second the development of novel conceptualizations of processes in development and psychopathology leading to new measures and treatment, and third attempting to understand more generally the nature of causal processes in the mind.
Studies of the consequences of childhood experiences have included investigations of adult outcomes following child maltreatment and childhood cancer together with Bridget Young and Peter Salmon in Liverpool and Tim Eden in Edinburgh, and outcomes in childhood of children with cleft lip and palate together with Lynne Murray here in Reading. Since 2007, together with Helen Sharp in Liverpool and Andrew Pickles at King's College London, I have led the longitudinal study of a cohort of first time mothers whom we recruited during pregnancy to investigate foetal and infancy origins of child and ultimately adult psychopathology.
The emphasis up to now has been on developmental pathways underpinning heterogeneity in childhood conduct disorders, and in time we will also examine pathways to affective disorders and personality dysfunction in adolescence. This study, the Wirral Child Health and Development Study (WCHADS), has been funded by three MRC grants for a total of over £5 million, the most recent of which will take the cohort, now aged 5 years, to age 9 years in 2018. Our published findings are consistent with there being medium to long term effects of prenatal and early lifetime experiences, including, somewhat to our surprise, an effect of stroking by mothers of their infants, and profound differences between boys and girls. Importantly, in the context of our rather poor understanding of how to characterize emotional and behavioural disorders in children we find different origins for callous-unemotional, oppositional and emotionally reactive behavior problems.
My work on novel conceptualization and measurement started with the development with Michael Rutter of the Adult Personality Functioning Assessment (APFA), and was taken further with the concept and measure of domain disorganization in the revised APFA developed with Paul Pilkonis in Pittsburgh. The RAPFA is currently being used in a follow up of institutionalised Romanian children adopted to the UK. The domains framework for development and personality, which we outlined in a chapter in the Handbook of Interpersonal Psychology (Hill, Pilkonis and Bear 2010) makes predictions for neural processing of social cues that fall within or that transgress domains boundaries. I am now investigating these processes using functional imaging with Rebecca Elliott in Manchester and Roland Zahn at King's College London, and we are planning further studies of the neuroscience of social domains here in Reading. My conceptualization of domains functioning in families was described in Hill et al (2003, 2014). We can measure these processes reliably from recordings of family therapy sessions and from standard parent-child assessments. Working with colleagues in North Wales we have written a manual for a family domains based intervention to be used together with Dialectical Behaviour Therapy, and this is being piloted in North Wales.
My proposal regarding causal processes in the mind can be found in 'Mind, Meaning and Mental Disorder' (OUP, 1996/2004) written with Derek Bolton. The central assertion is that intentionality ('aboutness') is the hallmark not only of mental, but of all biological processes, and identifying the commonalities across the biosphere illuminates our understanding of human mental and social processes, and hence psychopathology.
Research groups / Centres
- Bedford, R., Carter Leno, V., Wright, N., Bluett-Duncan, M., Smith, T. J., Anzures, G., Pickles, A., Sharp, H. and Hill, J. (2020) Emotion recognition performance in children with callous unemotional traits is modulated by co-occurring autistic traits. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology. ISSN 1537-4424 (In Press)
- Golm, D., Maughan, B., Barker, E. D., Hill, J., Kennedy, M., Knights, N., Kreppner, J., Kumsta, R., Schlotz, W., Rutter, M. and Sonuga-Barke, E. J. S. (2020) Why does early childhood deprivation increase the risk for depression and anxiety in adulthood? A developmental cascade model. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 61 (9). pp. 1043-1053. ISSN 0021-9630 doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.13205
- Braithwaite, E., Pickles, A., Wright, N., Sharp, H. and Hill, J. (2020) Sex-differences in foetal origins of child emotional symptoms: a test of evolutionary hypotheses in a large, general population cohort. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. ISSN 0021-9630 doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.13229
- Pethica, S., Hill, J., Jones, K., Tranter, P., Riley, S., Lee, H. and Swales, M. (2020) Developing the therapeutic conversation: a conversation analysis of information giving in Family Domains Therapy. Journal of Family Therapy, 42 (1). pp. 15-38. ISSN 0163-4445 doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-6427.12250
- Wright, N., Pickles, A., Braithwaite, E. C., Sharp, H. and Hill, J. (2019) Sex-dependent associations between maternal prenatal cortisol and child callous-unemotional traits: findings from the Wirral Child Health and Development Study. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 109. 104409. ISSN 1873-3360 doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psyneuen.2019.104409
- Nathan, R., Centifanti, L., Baker, V. and Hill, J. (2019) A pilot randomised controlled trial of a programme of psychosocial interventions (resettle) for high risk personality disordered offenders. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 66. 101463. ISSN 0160-2527 doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijlp.2019.101463
- Wright, N., Hill, J., Pickles, A. and Sharp, H. (2019) Callous-unemotional traits, low cortisol reactivity and physical aggression in children: findings from the Wirral Child Health and Development Study. Translational Psychiatry, 9. 79. ISSN 2158-3188 doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41398-019-0406-9
- Rutherford, C., Sharp, H., Hill, J., Pickles, A. and Taylor-Robinson, D. (2019) How does perinatal maternal mental health explain early social inequalities in child behavioural and emotional problems? Findings from the Wirral Child Health and Development Study. PLoS ONE, 14 (5). e0217342. ISSN 1932-6203 doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0217342
- de Sousa, P., Sellwood, W., Fien, K., Sharp, H., Pickles, A., Hill, J., Abbott, K., Fisher, L. and Bentall, R. P. (2019) Mapping early environment using communication deviance: a longitudinal study of maternal sensitivity toward 6-month-old children. Development and Psychopathology, 31 (4). pp. 1501-1511. ISSN 1469-2198 doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0954579418001189
- Hill, J., Pickles, A., Wright, N., Quinn, J. P., Murgatroyd, C. and Sharp, H. (2019) Mismatched prenatal and postnatal maternal depressive symptoms and child behaviours: a sex-dependent role for NR3C1 DNA methylation in the Wirral Child Health and Development Study. Cells, 8 (9). e943. ISSN 2073-4409 doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/cells8090943
- Hill, J., Pickles, A., Wright, N., Braithwaite, E. and Sharp, H. (2019) Predictions of children’s emotionality from evolutionary and epigenetic hypotheses. Scientific Reports, 9. 2519. ISSN 2045-2322 doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-39513-7
- Morriss, J., Bell, T., Johnstone, T., Van Reekum, C. M. and Hill, J. (2019) Social domain based modulation of neural responses to threat: the different roles of romantic partners versus friends. Social neuroscience, 14 (4). pp. 398-408. ISSN 1747-0927 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2018.1486735
- Braithwaite, E. C., Hill, J., Pickles, A., Glover, V., O'Donnell, K. and Sharp, H. (2018) Associations between maternal prenatal cortisol and fetal growth are specific to infant sex: findings from the Wirral Child Health and Development Study. Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease, 9 (4). pp. 425-431. ISSN 2040-1752 doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/S2040174418000181
- Wright, N., Hill, J., Sharp, H. and Pickles, A. (2018) Maternal sensitivity to distress, attachment and the development of callous-unemotional traits in young children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 59 (7). pp. 790-800. ISSN 0021-9630 doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.12867
- Manca, M., Pessoa, V., Lopez, A. I., Harrison, P. T., Miyajima, F., Sharp, H., Pickles, A., Hill, J., Murgatroyd, C., Bubb, V. J. and Quinn, J. P. (2018) The regulation of monoamine oxidase: a gene expression by distinct variable number tandem repeats. Journal of Molecular Neuroscience, 64 (3). pp. 459-470. ISSN 0895-8696 doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12031-018-1044-z
- Braithwaite, E. C., Murphy, S. E., Ramchandani, P. G. and Hill, J. (2017) Associations between biological markers of prenatal stress and infant negative emotionality are specific to sex. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 86. pp. 1-7. ISSN 1873-3360 doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psyneuen.2017.09.004
- Kennedy, M., Kreppner, J., Knights, N., Kumsta, R., Maughan, B., Golm, D., Hill, J., Rutter, M., Schlotz, W. and Sonuga-Barke, E. (2017) Adult disinhibited social engagement in adoptees exposed to extreme institutional deprivation: examination of its clinical status and functional impact. British Journal of Psychiatry, 211 (5). pp. 289-295. ISSN 0007-1250 doi: https://doi.org/10.1192/bjp.bp.117.200618
- Huntley, F., Wright, N., Pickles, A., Sharp, H. and Hill, J. (2017) Maternal mental health and child problem behaviours: disentangling the role of depression and borderline personality dysfunction. British Journal of Psychiatry Open, 3 (6). pp. 300-305. ISSN 2056-4724 doi: https://doi.org/10.1192/bjpo.bp.117.005843
- Vidal-Ribas, P., Pickles, A., Tibu, F., Sharp, H. and Hill, J. (2017) Sex differences in the associations between vagal reactivity and oppositional defiant disorder symptoms. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 58 (9). pp. 988-997. ISSN 0021-9630 doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.12750
- Braithwaite, E. C., Pickles, A., Sharp, H., Glover, V., O'Donnell, K. J., Tibu, F. and Hill, J. (2017) Maternal prenatal cortisol predicts infant negative emotionality in a sex-dependent manner. Physiology and Behavior, 175. pp. 31-36. ISSN 1873-507X doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physbeh.2017.03.017
- Pickles, A., Sharp, H., Hellier, J. and Hill, J. (2017) Prenatal anxiety, maternal stroking in infancy, and symptoms of emotional and behavioral disorders at 3.5 years. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 26 (3). pp. 325-334. ISSN 1435-165X doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00787-016-0886-6
- Goodyer, I. M., Reynolds, S., Barrett, B., Byford, S., Dubicka, B., Hill, J., Holland, F., Kelvin, R., Midgley, N., Roberts, C., Senior, R., Target, M., Widmer, B., Wilkinson, P. and Fonagy, P. (2017) Cognitive behavioural therapy and short-term psychoanalytical psychotherapy versus a brief psychosocial intervention in adolescents with unipolar major depressive disorder (IMPACT): a multicentre, pragmatic, observer-blind, randomised controlled superiority trial. The Lancet Psychiatry, 4 (2). pp. 109-119. ISSN 2215-0366 doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(16)30378-9
- White, L. O., Klein, A. M., von Klitzing, K., Graneist, A., Otto, Y., Hill, J., Over, H., Fonagy, P. and Crowley, M. J. (2016) Putting ostracism into perspective: young children tell more mentalistic stories after exclusion, but not when anxious. Frontiers in Psychology, 7. 1926. ISSN 1664-1078 doi: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01926
- Hill, J. and Sharp, H. (2015) Conduct disorders. In: Luyten, P., Mayes, L. C., Fonagy, P., Target, M. and Blatt, S. J. (eds.) Handbook of psychodynamic approaches to psychopathology. Guilford Press, New York, pp. 406-425. ISBN 9781462522026
- Sharp, H., Hill, J., Hellier, J. and Pickles, A. (2015) Maternal antenatal anxiety, postnatal stroking and emotional problems in children: outcomes predicted from pre and postnatal programming hypotheses. Psychological Medicine, 45 (2). pp. 269-283. ISSN 1469-8978 doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291714001342
- Murgatroyd, C., Quinn, J. P., Sharp, H. M., Pickles, A. and Hill, J. (2015) Effects of prenatal and postnatal depression, and maternal stroking, at the glucocorticoid receptor gene. Translational Psychiatry, 5 (5). e560. ISSN 2158-3188 doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/tp.2014.140
- Koukounari, A., Pickles, A., Hill, J. and Sharp, H. (2015) Psychometric properties of the parent-infant caregiving touch scale. Frontiers in Psychology, 6. 1887. ISSN 1664-1078 doi: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01887
- Bedford, R., Pickles, A., Sharp, H., Wright, N. and Hill, J. (2015) Reduced face preference in infancy: a developmental precursor to callous-unemotional traits? Biological Psychiatry, 78 (2). pp. 144-150. ISSN 0006-3223 doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2014.09.022
- Wright, N., Hill, J., Pickles, A. and Sharp, H. (2015) The specific role of relationship life events in the onset of depression during pregnancy and the postpartum. PLoS ONE, 10 (12). e0144131. ISSN 1932-6203 doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0144131
- Tibu, F., Hill, J., Sharp, H., Marshall, K., Glover, V. and Pickles, A. (2014) Evidence for sex differences in fetal programming of physiological stress reactivity in infancy. Development and Psychopathology, 26 (4pt1). pp. 879-888. ISSN 1469-2198 doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0954579414000194
- Hill, J., Wren, B., Alderton, J., Burck, C., Kennedy, E., Senior, R. and Broyden, N. (2014) The application of a domains based analysis to family processes: implications for assessment and therapy. Journal of Family Therapy, 36 (1). pp. 62-80. ISSN 0163-4445 doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6427.2011.00568.x
- Hill, J., Breen, G., Quinn, J., Tibu, F., Sharp, H. and Pickles, A. (2013) Evidence for interplay between genes and maternal stress in utero: monoamine oxidase A polymorphism moderates effects of life events during pregnancy on infant negative emotionality at 5 weeks. Geness Brain and Behaviour, 12 (4). pp. 388-396. ISSN 1601-183X doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/gbb.12033
- Pickles, A., Hill, J., Breen, G., Quinn, J., Abbott, K., Jones, H. and Sharp, H. (2013) Evidence for interplay between genes and parenting on infant temperament in the first year of life: monoamine oxidase A polymorphism moderates effects of maternal sensitivity on infant anger proneness. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 54 (12). pp. 1308-1317. ISSN 0021-9630 doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.12081
- Young, B., Hill, J., Gravenhorst, K., Ward, J., Eden, T. and Salmon, P. (2013) Is communication guidance mistaken? Qualitative study of parent-oncologist communication in childhood cancer. British Journal of Cancer, 109 (4). pp. 836-843. ISSN 0007-0920 doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/bjc.2013.413
- Salmon, P., Hill, J., Ward, J., Gravenhorst, K., Eden, T. and Young, B. (2012) Faith and protection: the construction of hope by parents of children with leukemia and their oncologists. The Oncologist, 17 (3). pp. 398-404. ISSN 1549-490X doi: https://doi.org/10.1634/theoncologist.2011-0308
- Sharp, H., Pickles, A., Meaney, M., Marshall, K., Tibu, F. and Hill, J. (2012) Frequency of infant stroking reported by mothers moderates the effect of prenatal depression on infant behavioural and physiological outcomes. PLoS ONE, 7 (10). e45446. ISSN 1932-6203 doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0045446
- Glover, V. and Hill, J. (2012) Sex differences in the programming effects of prenatal stress on psychopathology and stress responses: an evolutionary perspective. Physiology and Behavior, 106 (5). pp. 736-740. ISSN 1873-507X doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physbeh.2012.02.011
- Hill, J., Stepp, S. D., Wan, M. W., Hope, H., Morse, J. Q., Steele, M. and Pilkonis, P. A. (2011) Attachment, borderline personality, and romantic relationship dysfunction. Journal of Personality Disorders, 25 (6). pp. 789-805. ISSN 0885-579X doi: https://doi.org/10.1521/pedi.2011.25.6.789
- Hentges, F., Hill, J., Bishop, D. V.M., Goodacre, T., Moss, T. and Murray, L. (2011) The effect of cleft lip on cognitive development in school-aged children: a paradigm for examining sensitive period effects. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 52 (6). pp. 704-712. ISSN 0021-9630 doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.2011.02375.x
- Goodyer, I.M., Tsancheva, S., Byford, S., Dubicka, B., Hill, J., Kelvin, R. and Fonagy, P. (2011) Improving mood with psychoanalytic and cognitive therapies (IMPACT): a pragmatic effectiveness superiority trial to investigate whether specialised psychological treatment reduces the risk for relapse in adolescents with moderate to severe unipolar depression: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials, 12 (1). 175. ISSN 1745-6215 doi: https://doi.org/10.1186/1745-6215-12-175
- Young, B., Ward, J., Salmon, P., Gravenhorst, K., Hill, J. and Eden, T. (2011) Parents' experiences of their children's presence in discussions with physicians about leukemia. Pediatrics, 127 (5). e1230-e1238. ISSN 1098-4275 doi: https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2010-2402
- Hill, J., Holcombe, C., Clark, L., Boothby, M. R., Hincks, A., Salmon, P., Fisher, J. and Tufail, S. (2011) Predictors of onset of depression and anxiety in the year after diagnosis of breast cancer. Psychological Medicine, 41 (7). pp. 1429-1436. ISSN 1469-8978 doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291710001868
- Clark, L., Holcombe, C., Hill, J., Krespi Boothby, M. R., Fisher, J., Seward, J. and Salmon, P. (2011) Sexual abuse in childhood and postoperative depression in women with breast cancer who opt for immediate reconstruction after mastectomy. Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England, 93 (2). pp. 106-110. ISSN 1478-7083 doi: https://doi.org/10.1308/003588411X12851639107593
- Kondryn, H. J., Edmondson, C. L., Hill, J. and Eden, T. O. B. (2011) Treatment non-adherence in teenage and young adult patients with cancer. lancet oncology, 12 (1). pp. 100-108. ISSN 1474-5488 doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/S1470-2045(10)70069-3
- Hill, J., Pilkonis, P. A. and Bear, J. (2010) Social domains, personality and interpersonal functioning. In: Horowitz, L. M. and Strack, S. (eds.) Handbook of Interpersonal Psychology. New York: Wiley, pp. 281-296. ISBN 9780470471609
- Murray, L., Arteche, A., Bingley, C., Hentges, F. , Bishop, D. V.M., Dalton, L., Goodacre, T. and Hill, J. (2010) The effect of cleft lip on socio-emotional functioning in school-aged children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 51 (1). pp. 94-103. ISSN 0021-9630 doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.2009.02186.x
- Aglan, A., Williams, J. M., Pickles, A. and Hill, J. (2010) Overgeneral autobiological memory in women: association with childhood abuse and history of depression in a community sample. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 49 (3). pp. 359-372. ISSN 0144-6657 doi: https://doi.org/10.1348/014466509X467413
- Krespi Boothby, M. R., Hill, J., Holcombe, C., Clark, L., Fisher, J. and Salmon, P. (2010) The accuracy of HADS and GHQ-12 in detecting psychiatric morbidity in breast cancer patients. Turk Psikiyatri Dergisi, 21 (1). pp. 49-59.
- Morse, J. Q., Hill, J., Pilkonis, P. A., Yaggi, K., Broyden, N., Stepp, S. and Feske, U. (2009) Anger, preoccupied attachment and domain disorganisation in borderline personality disorder. Journal of Personality Disorders, 23 (3). pp. 240-257. ISSN 0885-579X doi: https://doi.org/10.1521/pedi.2009.23.3.240
- Hill, J. (2009) Disorders of personality. In: Rutter's Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 5th edition. Wiley, New York. ISBN 9781405145930
- Hill, J., Murray, L., Leidecker, V. and Sharp, H. (2009) The dynamics of threat, fear and intentionality in the conduct disorders: longitudinal findings in the children of women with post-natal depression. In: Hodgins, S., Viding, E. and Plodowski, A. (eds.) The neurobiological basis of violence: science and rehabilitation. Oxford University Press, Oxford. ISBN 9780199543533
- Clark, L., Holcombe, C., Hill, J., Downey, H., Fisher, J., Krespi, M. R. and Salmon, P. (2009) The perception of support received from breast care nurses by depressed patients following a diagnosis of breast cancer. Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England, 91 (1). pp. 43-45. ISSN 1478-7083 doi: https://doi.org/10.1308/003588409X359006
- Hill, J. and Nathan, R. (2008) Childhood antecedents of serious violence in adult male offenders. Aggressive Behaviour.
- Hill, J., Pilkonis, P., Morse, J., Feske, U., Reynolds, S., Hope, H., Charest, C. and Broyden, N. (2008) Social domain dysfunction and disorganisation in borderline personality disorder. Psychological Medicine.
- Murray, L., Hentges, F., Hill, J., Karpf, J., Mistry, B., Kreutz, M., Woodall, P., Moss, T. and Goodacre, T. (2008) The effect of cleft lip and palate, and the timing of lip repair on mother-infant interactions and infant development. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 49 (2). pp. 115-123. ISSN 0021-9630 doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.2007.01833.x
- Hill, J., Fonagy, P., Lancaster, G. and Broyden, N. (2007) Aggression and intentionality in narrative responses to conflict and distress story stems: an investigation of boys with disruptive behaviour problems. Attachment and Human Development.
- Hill, J. (2007) Commentary on A. Kazdin 'Child psychotherapy research: issues and opportunities'. In: Fonagy, P. and Maes, L. (eds.) Child Psychotherapy: Empirical and Theoretical Perspectives. Karnac books.
- Hill, J. (2007) Developmental perspectives on self awareness in antisocial personality disorder. In: Maj, M. (ed.) WPA series Evidence and Experience in Psychiatry vol 8 Personality Disorders. Wiley.
- Lancaster, G., Rollinson, L. and Hill, J. (2007) Measurement of a major childhood risk for depression: a comparison of the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI) 'parental care' and the Childhood Experience of Care and Abuse (CECA) 'parental neglect'. Journal of Affective Disorders.
- Glasscoe, C., Lancaster, G., Smyth, R. and Hill, J. (2007) Parental depression following the early diagnosis of cystic fibrosis: a matched prospective study. Journal of Paediatrics.
- Salmon, P., Holcombe, C., Clark, L., Krespi, R., Fisher, J. and Hill, J. (2007) Relationships with clinical staff after a diagnosis of breast cancer are associated with patients' experience of care and abuse in childhood. Journal of Psychosomatic Research.
- Nathan, R., Brown, A., Redhead, K., Holt, G. and Hill, J. (2007) Staff responses to the therapeutic environment: a prospective study comparing burnout among nurses working on male and female wards in a medium secure unit. Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology.
- Hill, J. (2006) Child maltreatment and depression in adults: implications for prevention. Clinical Neuropsychiatry.
- Pickles, A. and Hill, J. (2006) Developmental pathways. In: Cicchetti, D. and Cohen, D.J. (eds.) Developmental Psychopathology 2nd edition. Wiley.
- Hill, J. (2006) Personality disorders in adolescence. In: Gillberg, C., Harrington, R. and Steinhausen, H.C. (eds.) Clinicians Handbook of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Cambridge University Press.
- Minnis, H., Millward, R., Sinclair, C., Kennedy, E., Greig, A., Towlson, K., Read, W. and Hill, J. (2006) The computerised MacArthur Story Stem Battery - a pilot study of novel medium for assessing children's representations of relationships. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research.
- Stratton, G., Ryan, S., Sartain, S., Hill, J. and Peak, M. (2006) The relationship between headache and physical activity in school children. Acta Kinesiologiae Universitatis Tartuensis.
- Salmon, P., Hill, J., Krespi, R., Clark, L., Fisher, J. and Holcombe, C. (2006) The role of child abuse and age in vulnerability to emotional problems after surgery for breast cancer. European Journal of Cancer.
- Rankin, P., Bentall, R.P., Hill, J. and Kinderman, P. (2005) Perceived relationships with parents and paranoid delusions: comparisons of currently ill, remitted and normal participants. Psychopathology.
- Hill, J., Pickles, A., Byatt, M. and Rollinson, L. (2004) Juvenile versus adult onset depression: multiple differences imply different pathways. Psychological Medicine.
- Bolton, D., Hill, J., O'Ryan, D., Udwin, O., Boyle, S. and Yule, W. (2004) Long term effects of psychological trauma on psychosocial functioning. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry.
- Bolton, D. and Hill, J. (2004) Mind, Meaning and Mental Disorder: The Nature of Causal Explanation in Psychology and Psychiatry 2nd edition. Oxford:Oxford University Press.
- Hill, J. (2004) Parental psychiatric disorder and the attachment relationship. In: Gopfert, M., Webster, J. and Seaman, M.V. (eds.) Parental Psychiatric Disorder: Distressed Parents and their Families. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Hill, J., Murray, L., Woodall, P., Parmar, B. and Hentges, F. (2004) Recalled relationships with parents and perceptions of professional support in mothers of infants treated for cleft lip. Attachment & Human Development, 6 (1). pp. 21-30. ISSN 1461-6734 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/14616730410001664154
- Burnside, E., Startup, M., Byatt, M., Rollinson, L. and Hill, J. (2004) The role of overgeneral aurobiographical memory in the development of adult depression following childhood trauma. British Journal of Clinical Psychology.
- Hill, J., Mackie, E., Kondryn, H., McNally, R. and Eden, O.B. (2003) Adult psychosocial functioning following childhood cancer: the different roles of sons' and daughters' relationships with their fathers and mothers. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry.
- Hill, J. (2003) Childhood trauma and depression. Current Opinion in Psychiatry.
- Nathan, R., Rollinson, L., Harvey, K. and Hill, J. (2003) The Liverpool Violence Assessment - an investigator-based measure of serious violence. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health.
- Stein, H., Allen, J.G. and Hill, J. (2003) Roles and relationships: a psychoeducational approach to reviewing strengths and difficulties in adulthood functioning. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic.
- Hill, J. (2003) The early identification of individuals at risk for antisocial personality disorder. British Journal of Psychiatry.
- Hill, J., Fonagy, P., Safier, E. and Sargent, J. (2003) The ecology of attachment in the family. Family Process.
- Hill, J. (2002) Biological, psychological and social processes in the conduct disorders. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry.
- Hill, J. (2002) Childhood experiences in the development of personality disorders. Psychiatry, 1 (1). pp. 11-13.
- Hill, J. (2002) Conduct disorders. Psychiatry, 1 (6). pp. 71-73.
- Hill, J. (2002) 'Personality Disorders' chapter in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry: Modern Approaches. In: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry:Modern Approaches Fourth edition. Oxford:Blackwell.
- Hill, J. (2001) Adolescent personality development, differences, departures and deviations. In: Adolescent Psychiatry in Clinical Practice. London: Arnold.
- Hill, J., Pickles, A., Burnside, E., Byatt, M., Rollinson, L., Davis, R. and Harvey, K. (2001) Child sexual abuse, poor parental care and adult depression: evidence for different mechanisms. British Journal of Psychiatry.
- Hill, J. and Maughan, B. (2001) Conduct Disorders in Childhood and Adolescence. Cambridge University Press.
- Scott, D. and Hill, J. (2001) Stability and change in parenting beliefs in first time mothers from the pre- to postnatal period. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology.
- Mackie, E., Hill, J., Kondryn, H. and McNally, R. (2000) Adult psychosocial outcomes in long term survivors of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia and Wilms' tumour: a controlled study. Lancet.
- Hill, J., Davis, R., Byatt, M., Burnside, E., Rollinson, L. and Fear, S. (2000) Childhood sexual abuse and affective symptoms in women: a general population study. Psychological Medicine.
- Hill, J., Fudge, H., Harrington, R., Pickles, A. and Rutter, M. (2000) Complementary approaches to the assessment of personality disorder: The Personality Assessment Schedule and Adult Personality Functioning Assessment compared. British Journal of Psychiatry.
- Hill, J., Mackie, E., Banner, L., Kondryn, H. and Blair, V. (1999) Relationship with Family of Origin Scale (REFAMOS); inter rater reliability and associations with childhood experiences. British Journal of Psychiatry.
- Davey, R.I. and Hill, J. (1999) The variability of practice in interviews used by professionals to investigate child sexual abuse. Child Abuse and Neglect.
- Hill, J. (1997) Adult attachment and outcome for parental interventions for conduct disorders: a convergence of research strategies and clinical decision making. Association of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, Occasional Papers.
- Bolton, D. and Hill, J. (1997) On the causal role of meaning. In: Power, M. and Brewin, C. (eds.) The Transformation of Meaning in Psychological Therapies. Chichester: Wiley.
- Banner, L.M., Mackie, E.J. and Hill, J. (1996) Family relationships in survivors of childhood cancer: resource or restraint? Patient Education and Counselling.
- Bolton, D. and Hill, J. (1996) Mind, Meaning and Mental Disorder: The Nature of Causal Explanation in Psychology and Psychiatry. Oxford University Press.
- Cheesbrough, M. and Hill, J. (1996) Relationships in families: a comparison of therapist inferences and family responses. Journal of Family Therapy.
- Naughton, M., Oppenheim, A. and Hill, J. (1996) The assessment of personality functioning in the transition from adolescent to adult life. The British Journal of Psychiatry.
- Hill, J., Fudge, H., Harrington, R., Pickles, A. and Rutter, M. (1995) The Adult Personality Functioning Assessment (APFA): factors influencing agreement between subject and informant. Psychological Medicine.
- Routh, C. P., Hill, J., Steele, H., Elliott, C. and Dewsey, M. (1995) Maternal attachment status, psychosocial distress and problem behaviour: follow up after parent training courses for conduct disorder. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry.
- Hill, J. (1995) Threats to the attachments of mentally ill parents and their children. In: Gopfert, M. (ed.) Mentally Ill Parents. Cambridge University Press.
- Davey, R. and Hill, J. (1995) A study of the variability of training and beliefs among professionals who interview children to investigate suspected sexual abuse. Child Abuse and Neglect.
- Hill, J. and Rutter, M. (1994) Personality disorders. In: Rutter, M., Hersov, L. and Taylor, E. (eds.) Child and Adolescent Psychiatry: Modern Approaches 3rd edition. Blackwell Science.
- Hill, J. and Gunn, J. (1993) The development of personality disorder. In: Gunn, J. and Taylor, P. (eds.) Forensic Psychiatry, Clincal, Legal and Ethical Issues. Heinemann Medical Books.
- Hill, J. (1992) Personality, deviance and peer relationships in childhood and adolscence. Current Opinion in Psychiatry.
- Harrington, R., Fudge, H., Rutter, M., Pickles, A. and Hill, J. (1991) Adult outcome of childhood and adolescent depression: links with antisocial disorders. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolscent Psychiatry.
- Hill, J. (1991) Family and marital therapy. In: Holmes, J. (ed.) Psychotherapy in Psychiatric Practice. Churchill Livingstone.
- Harrington, R., Fudge, H., Rutter, M., Pickles, A. and Hill, J. (1990) Adult outcome of childhood and adolescent depression: psychiatric status. Archives of General Psychiatry.
- Rutter, M., Quinton, D. and Hill, J. (1990) Adult outcome of institution-reared children: males and females compared. In: Straight and Devious Pathways from Childhood to Adulthood. Cambridge University Press, New York.
- Hill, J., Harrington, R., Fudge, H., Rutter, M. and Pickles, A. (1989) Adult Personality Functioning Assessment (APFA): an investigator-based standardised interview. British Journal of Psychiatry.
- Harrington, R., Hill, J., Rutter, M., John, K., Fudge, H., Zoccolillo, M. and Weissman, M. (1988) The assessment of lifetime psychopathology: a comparison of two interviewing styles. Psychological Medicine.
- Hill, J. (1984) Child Development. In: The Scientific Principals of Psychopathology. Academic Press.
- Hill, J. (1984) Disorders of memory, language and beliefs following closed head injury. Psychological Medicine.
- Hill, J. (1982) Reasons and causes: the nature of explanations in psychology and psychiatry. Psychological Medicine.