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Deal with the Social and Economic Issues of Transportation Projects

Public Involvement: Today, transportation project work demands an increasingly sophisticated and thorough approach to public involvement.  Public involvement has been achieved with varying degrees of success.

Social and Economic Impact: This task aims to identify and document techniques for assessing social and economic impacts of a transportation action (project or potential project), including techniques that respond to their current legal environment.

Community Impact Assessment: is a process to evaluate the effects of a transportation action (project or potential project) on a community and its quality of life. The assessment process is an integral part of project planning and development that shapes the outcome of a project.  Its information is used continuously to shape the project and provide documentation of the current and anticipated social environment of an area with and without the continuation of an action.  The assessment should include all items of importance to people, such as mobility, safety, employment effects, relocation, isolation, and other community issues.

Housing Issues, Environmental Justice and Transportation Equity: Discriminatory distributive transportation outcomes can be subsumed under three broad categories: procedural inequity, geographic inequity, and social inequity.  No systematic database exists to show how far states and metropolitan systems have identified, and taken steps to mitigate, discriminatory effects of their of a transportation action (project or potential project, programs, and policies) on low-income and minority populations.  Environmental justice and transportation equity concerns extend to discriminatory outcomes in planning, operation and maintenance, and infrastructure development by state and metropolitan systems.