Bombus sichelii  









Trichius fasciatus







         Colias croceus                            Bombyliidae


                                                                                                                          crop spraying

Many of Europe’s key pollinators and the services they provide are under increasing threat from a variety of human-related disturbances, such as habitat loss, pesticides, diseases and parasites, climate change, invasive plants and competition with non-native pollinators.  Learn more



          Value of Pollinators

Europe has a wide variety of insect pollinators including honeybees (Apis mellifera), bumblebees, solitary bees, butterflies, and some beetles and flies.  Honeybees, some bumblebees and solitary bees, are actively managed. However, the many 100’s of other pollinating insects species are ‘wild’ and not managed.


 European Pollinator Initiative Coordinated by: Centre for Agri-Environmental Research    Reading University, PO Box 237, RG6 6AR, UK


[1] Costanza, R., d’Arge, R., de Groot, R., Farber, S., & Grasso, S. (1997) The value of the world’s services and natural capital. Nature 387: 253-260.

Pollinators are crucial for production in many crops of economic importance; the maintenance of biodiversity in the environment; and also have aesthetic appeal to people.

It has been estimated that pollination provides ecosystem services of $112 billion annually across the globe [1].






Plan of Action


Value of Pollinators